Publications

Find publications about alternative transportation, including alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and regulated fleets.

Search Results | 100 publications
Title Author Date Category
Alternative Fuel News, Volume 5 Issue 2 7/1/2001 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News features articles on the National Energy Policy; the 2001 National Clean Cities Conference including Coalition Award and Partner Award recipients; station cars; and new emissions-reducing incentives in Texas.

Executive Order 13031, Federal Alternative Fueled Vehicle Leadership Clinton, W.J. 12/13/1996 Reports

Office of the President of the United States, Washington, D.C.

Executive Order 13031 outlines the provisions to ensure that the Federal Government exercises leadership in the use of alternative fueled vehicles (AFVs). To that end, each Federal agency should develop and implement aggressive plans to fulfill the alternative fueled vehicle acquisition requirements established by the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

Clean Fuels Paving the Way for America's Future: A Source for Information on Clean Burning Alternative Transportation Fuels 4/1/1995 Brochures & Fact Sheets

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC

With so many alternative fuels being promoted by various groups, it is important for legislators, the public and all interested parties to understand the different fuels that are available, how they are made, how they are used and their impact on the environment. This brochure is intended to help legislators at all levels to make informed decisions and for the media, with a responsibility of informing the public, to be educated on these issues. The fuels covered in this brochure include: ethanol, ethyl tertiary butyl ether, methanol, methyl tertiary butyl ether, biodiesel, gasoline additives and combustion modifiers, electric vehicles, natural gas and propane. It also summarizes regional and state clean fuel policies and regulations.

Federal Alternative Motor Fuels Programs - Fourth Annual Report to Congress 7/1/1995 Reports

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC;National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This annual report to Congress presents the current status of the alternative fuel vehicle programs being conducted across the country in accordance with the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988. These programs, which represent the most comprehensive data collection effort ever undertaken on alternative fuels, are beginning their fifth year. This report summarizes tests and results from the fourth year.

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Real-World Perspectives from the Federal Fleet Whalen, P 7/1/1998 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Vehicles that run onfuels other than gasoline, or "alternative fuel" vehicles (AFVs), offer great promise for improving air quality and lessening our nation's dependence on imported oil. But if they are to fulfill this promise and replace traditional gasoline vehicles on a large scale, they must meed the needs of the people using them, and consumers must have access to"real-world" information about them. Do they drive as well as gasoline vehicles? Are their refueling stations as convenient as the corner gas station? Can we expect the same reliability that we've come to expect from our gasoline vehicles? How better to answer these questions than to ask the people who are actually running the AFVs? So in 1996, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national labortory, designed a nationwide study to capture the opinions of federal fleet managers and drivers onthe performance, reliability, driveability, and acceptability of AFVs. NREL put together this short brochure to serve as a "quick look" summaryof the surveys and their results.

Perspectives on AFVs: State and City Government Fleet Manager Survey 2/1/1999 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

In an effort to reduce national dependence on imported oil and to improve urban air quality, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the development and deployment of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop and conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs compared to similar gasoline vehicles. As part of this effort, NREL has undertaken a number of evaluation projects, including conducting telephone surveys with fleet managers and drivers of AFVs in the federal fleet. This report summarizes the results of the survey of state and city government fleet managers.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 7 Issue 2 8/20/2003 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This issue of Alternative Fuel News, published by the Clean Cities Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), brings you a cover story titled 'Funds from Fines.' It focuses on a constructive ways to use proceeds from the settlement of enforcement cases against companies that violate environmental standards. Next is a story on CIVITAS, a clean-transport initiative affecting cities in Europe. And we interview Boone Pickens, an icon from the oil fields who is now a force is alternative fuels. Texas is propane country, but a new, publicly accessible LPG station at the Austin airport will be the first one of its kind in the central Texas. Minnesota is E85 country, and home to one man who will 'run' on ethanol-all the way to the State Capitol. In North Carolina, biodiesel attracts big bucks. And operators of State & Alternative Fuel Provider fleets have some successes to crow about-one on the West Coast, one on the Pennsylvania Turnpike. In AFVs for '04, new arrivals join the club as some stalwarts go away. And in southern California, a new $18 million transportation initiative is built on alternative fuels and a growing public interest in AFVs.

Fuel Economy Test Procedures Alternative-Fueled Automobile CAFE Incentives and Fuel Economy Labeling Requirements - Environmental Protection Agency - 40 CFR Part 600 10/1/1995 Reports

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

This final rule amends the fuel economy regulations to include alternative-fueled automobiles. The Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA) of 1988 includes 1993 model year and later alternative-fueled automobiles (passenger automobiles and light trucks) in the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program on a favorable basis to encourage the manufacture of these vehicles. The AMFA provides these CAFE "credits" for automobiles designed to be fueled with methanol, ethanol, other alcohols, natural gas, or dual-fueled automobiles designed to operate on one or more of these alternative fuels and gasoline or diesel fuel. Under the AMFA, these credits are only available for automobiles that meet certain requirements regarding: alternative fuel content (e.g., for alcohol fuels, a minimum of 85 percent by volume alcohol), energy efficiency, and driving range. Neither the AMFA nor the final rule will affect automobiles that do not meet these requirements; such vehicles would not receive the favorable CAFE treatment. Alternative-fueled automobile labeling requirements are also specified in the AMFA. This final rule codifies the requirements of the AMFA in 40 CFR part 600. Recently, AMFA was amended by the Energy Policy Act of 1992, to extend the CAFE credit to automobiles designed to operate on additional types of alternative fuels. However, this final rule does not include these additional alternative fuel types, as they were not included in the CAFE program at the time the NPRM was published and the final rule was developed.

Notes: Text of final rule to be published in the Federal Register

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 1) 9/1/1991 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the mission of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC); 2) Legislation; 3) People in the news; and 4) meetings and conferences

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 2) 5/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) new data bases in the AFDC; 2) the current status of the Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA) light-duty fleet; 3) legislation issues; and 4) news from around the country

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 3) 8/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: the emissions success of alcohol-powered heavy-duty engines; the AFDC plans to provide refueling map services; the alternative fuels hotline installed by DOE; a national energy strategy update; new emission data bases; federal fleet use of alcohol-fuel vehicles; and the first U.S. E85 fleet vehicles.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 3) 12/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) DOE's evaluation of private and local fleet roles; 2) CMAQ's support of AFV programs; 3) how to buy time; 4) the latest transit bus results; 5) an ethanol refueling handbook; 6) heavy duty manufacturers; 7) natural gas composition and vehicles; 8) Chrysler's discontinuation of NGV production for model year 1997; 9) Ford's continuation of AFV lineup with reduces prices; 10) Clean Cities in the air; 11) a House of Representatives natural gas vehicle task force; 12) the House Renewable Energy Caucus; 12) an alternative fuel vehicle incentive bill in Arizona; 13) ethanol Windstars; 14) and the use of alternative fuel vehicles at the Olympics.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 4) 11/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the significant expansion of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in federal fleets; 2) the first U.S. ethanol bus program; 3) a study on compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); 4) new CNG packer trucks in New York; 5) federal agency plans to change fleets to alternative fuels; 6) DOE's heavy-duty alternative-fuel demonstration program; 7) NREL/DOE plans to support data collection on school buses; and 8) the Congressional passage of the National Energy Strategy.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, No. 4) 2/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) Clinton's issuance of an Executive Order on alternative fuels; 2) passage of the Propane Education and Research Act of 1996 through Congress; 3) The introduction of an NGV incentives package by the House Natural Gas Vehicle Task Force; 4) a New York bond act for clean fuel programs; 5) California's veto of an AFV incentive; 6) a "Stealth Bus" in Los Angeles; 7) Ashland Chemical, Inc.'s switch to M85 Ford Tauruses in its fleet; 8) New York City's increasing use of alternative fuels; 9) Iowa DOT's blend of biodiesel in heavy-duty vehicles; 10) King County, Washington's use of natural gas in police fleets; 11) heavy-duty trucks on ethanol; 12) UPS's plans to double its NGV fleet by 1998; 13) EV charging sites in Arizona; 14) changes at the National Biodiesel Board; 15) alternative fuel refueling sites on the Web; 16) the U.S. Postal Service and the DOE's plans to introduce a CNG mail truck; 17) Clean Cities; 18) Honda's announcement of a natural gas Civic; 19) the rise of alternative fuel bus purchases; 20) Ford Motor Company's AFV rebates; 21) natural gas testing in U.S. Volvos; 22) the introduction of EV1s; 23) Nissan's use of lithium-ion in its electric vehicles; and 24) plans for cleaner off-road engines.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 1) 3/1/1993 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the inclusion of transit buses and operational data in the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC); 2) AFDC's information sharing with fleet operators; 3) preparation of a CNG safety video by DOE and NREL; 4) EPACT's expansion of the role of OTT and AFDC; 5) a concentrated demonstration program beginning in Atlanta; 6) the promising emission results of M85; 7) DOE expansion of light-duty vehicle emissions testing; 8) hotline responses to EPACT questions; and 9) funding for vehicle conversion and fuel supply services.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 6, No. 1) 5/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) EPA's redesign of conversion certification policies; 2) the introduction of an NGV incentive Bill in Congress; 3) the introduction of the Boxer Bill in Congress; 4) New Jersey transit's expanded refueling infrastructure; 5) a Sacramento group's efforts to increase awareness of EV benefits; 6) testing of hybrid electric buses by a New York R&D group; 7) the use of heavy-duty LNG vehicles at the L.A. Airport and USPS; 8) the introduction of a medium-duty NGV by DOE and USPS; 9) NGVC's council to support LNG; 10) EV charging sites in Arizona; 11) a fuel company's purchase of natural gas refueling stations; 12) the reduced cost of methanol in California; 13) heavy-duty alternatives from OEMs and rebuilders; 14) Chrysler's announcement of an E-85 minivan and gasoline-powered fuel cell; 15) Ford's provision of 15 E85 minivans for use in state and USPS fleets; 16) GM's announcement of CNG options in Sierra and C-Series pickup trucks; 17) DOE funding; 18) a Virginia company's CNG helicopters; 19) Clean Cities' addition of the first two Ohio cities; 20) the future of CNG in Philadelphia; and 21) the Clean Cities conference.

Replacement Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Tehnical and Policy Analysis Pursuant to Section 506 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 7/1/1997 Reports

Office of Transportation Technologies

This report is the first of two technical and policy analyses required by EPAct section 506.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 2) 7/1/1993 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the growth of the AFDC; 2) new AFDC software; 3) AFDC's provision of state AFV purchasing plans; 4) the WVU transportable lab; 5) the availability of heavy-duty emissions data; 6) the collection of heavy duty AFV performance data; and 7) the hotline's responses to tax questions.

Alternative Fuels In Trucking, Vol. 6, No. 2 11/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on Future Fuels for Heavy-Duty Trucks, LNG Tax Relief, the Status of the Federal Clean Fuel Fleet Program, and the Cummins Engine, which successfully meets EPA and CARB standards.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 4) 1/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: the AFDC/View version 2.0; map books of CNG refueling sites; protocols for data collection; quality assurance; GSA; public interest in AFDC; and hotline inquiries.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 1) 4/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) AMFA heavy-duty data which indicates that E95 and CNG fuel economies are virtually the same as diesel; 2) DOE funding of a heavy-duty demonstration program; 3) DOE funding efforts for a safe school bus; 4) hotline inquiries; and 5) the comparison of fuel economies of light-duty AFVs.

Impacts of Alternative Fuels on Air Quality Taylor, P. H.;Dellinger, B. 6/1/1994 Reports

Univ. of Dayton Research Center, Environmental Science and Engineering Group, Dayton, OH - National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

The objective of this project was to determine the impact of alternative fuels on air quality, particularly ozone formation. The alternative fuels of interest are methanol, ethanol, liquefied petroleum gas, and natural gas. During the first year of study, researchers obtained qualitative data on the thermal degradation products from the fuel-lean (oxidative), stoichiometric, and fuel-rich (pyrolytic) decomposition of methanol and ethanol. The thermal degradation of ethanol produced a substantially larger number of intermediate organic by-products than the similar thermal degradation of methanol, and the organic intermediate by-products lacked stability. Also, a qualitative comparison of the UDRI flow reactor data with previous engine test showed that, for methanol, formaldehyde and acetone were the organic by-products observed in both types of tests; for ethanol, only very limited data were located.

The Relationship between Gasoline Composition and Vehicle Hydrocarbon Emissions: A Review of Current Studies and Future Research Needs 10/1/1994

Ford

This online report compares the relationship between gasoline composition and vehicle hydrocarbon emissions. It reviews current studies and identifies future research needs.

Notes: Copies of this document can be downloaded from the Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) Web site at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/1994/Suppl-4/schuetzle-full.html

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 2) 10/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) emissions testing of Dodge Spirit FFVs; 2) the EPA's issuance of final gaseous fuel emissions standards; 3) the AFDC's new option for retrieving data; 4) emissions data which show varied results on 1992 CNG/gasoline conversions; 5) downloading files from the AFDC for non-internet users; 6) accessing the AFDC through the internet; 7) a new methanol video from DOE, NREL, and Los Angeles MTA; 8) an EPACT update; and 9) upcoming meetings and conferences.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 3) 2/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) alternative fuel provider guidelines; 2) alternative fuel bus data available through AFDC; 3) federal fleet purchases; 4) heavy-duty AFV awards; 5) AFVs offered by OEMs; and 6) DOE incentives.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 1) 4/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: clean air cabs; the successful conclusion of the CleanFleet demonstration; the release of a propane video; and the CNG tractor run by the L.A. Times.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 5 2/12/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the AFDC features stories ranging from remembering the last oil embargo to the niche market of alternative fuel taxicabs. The National Gas Vehicle Coalition is featured, along with the Louisville Clean Cities Program.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 2) 7/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: alternative fuels data center information available through Internet World Wide Web, CNG refuse clean up, Clean City questions, DOE scholarship winners, new AFDC database, and AFV numbers on the rise.

CleanFleet Final Report Vehicle Maintenance and Durability, Vol. 3 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

CleanFleet is a demonstration of panel vans operating on five alternative motor fuels in commercial package delivery operations in the South Coast Air Basin of California. The five alternative fuels are propane gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85 with 15 percent RFG), and electricity. Data were gathered on in-use emissions, operations, and fleet economics. This volume of the final report summarizes the maintenance required on these vans from the time they were introduced into the demonstration (April through early November 1992) until the end of the demonstration in September 1994. The vans were used successfully in FedEx operations; but, to varying degrees, the alternative fuel vehicles required more maintenance than the unleaded gasoline control vehicles. The maintenance required was generally associated with the development state of the fuel-related systems. During the demonstration, no non-preventive maintenance was required on the highly developed fuel-related systems in any of the unleaded gasoline production vehicles used either as controls or as RFG test vehicles. The maintenance problems encountered with the less developed systems used in this demonstration may persist in the short term with vehicles featuring the same or similar systems. This means that fleet operators planning near-term acquisitions of vehicles incorporating such systems should consider the potential for similar problems when (1) selecting vendors and warranty provisions and (2) planning maintenance programs.

CleanFleet Final Report Fuel Economy, Vol. 4 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

Fuel economy estimates are provided for the CleanFleet vans operated for two years by FedEx in Southern California. Between one and three vehicle manufacturers (Chevrolet, Dodge, and Ford) supplied vans powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85), and unleaded gasoline as a control. Two electric G-Vans, manufactured by Conceptor Corporation, were supplied by Southern California Edison. Vehicle and engine technologies are representative of those available in early 1992. A total of 111 vans were assigned to FedEx delivery routes at five demonstration sites. The driver and route assignments were periodically rotated within each site to ensure that each vehicle would experience a range of driving conditions. Regression analysis was used to estimate the relationships between vehicle fuel economy and factors such as the number of miles driven and the number of delivery stops made each day. The energy adjusted fuel economy (distance per energy consumed) of the alternative fuel vans operating on a typical FedEx duty cycle was between 13 percent lower and 4 percent higher than that of control vans from the same manufacturer. The driving range of vans operating on liquid and gaseous alternative fuels was 1 percent to 59 percent lower than for vans operating on unleaded gasoline. The driving range of the electric G-Vans was less than 50 miles. These comparisons are affected to varying degrees by differences in engine technology used in the alternative fuel and control vehicles. Relative fuel economy results from dynamometer emissions tests were generally consistent with those obtained from FedEx operations.

CleanFleet Final Report Fleet Economics, Vol. 8 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The costs that face a fleet operator in implementing alternative motor fuels into fleet operations are examined. Five alternatives studied in the CleanFleet project are considered for choice of fuel: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), M-85, and electricity. The cost assessment is built upon a list of thirteen cost factors grouped into the three categories: infrastructure costs, vehicle owning costs, and operating costs. Applicable taxes are included. A commonly used spreadsheet was adapted as a cost assessment tool. This tool was used in a case study to estimate potential costs to a typical fleet operator in package delivery service in the 1996 time frame. In addition, because electric cargo vans are unlikely to be available for the 1996 model year from original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), the case study was extended to the 1998 time frame for the electric vans. Results of the case study are presented in cents per mile of vehicle travel for the fleet. Several options available to the fleet for implementing the fuels are examined.

CleanFleet Final Report Summary, Vol. 1 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, called CleanFleet, was conducted in the Los Angeles area from April 1992 through September 1994. The demonstration consisted of 111 package delivery vans operating on five alternative fuels and the control fuel, unleaded gasoline. The alternative fuels were propane gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol with 15 percent RFG (called M-85), and electricity. This volume of the eight volume CleanFleet final report is a summary of the project design and results of the analysis of data collected during the demonstration on vehicle maintenance and durability, fuel economy, employee attitudes, safety and occupational hygiene, emissions, and fleet economics.

CleanFleet Final Report Project Design and Implementation, Vol. 2 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The CleanFleet alternative fuels demonstration project evaluated five alternative motor fuels in commercial fleet service over a two-year period. The five fuels were compressed natural gas, propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), M-85 (85 percent methanol and 15 percent RFG), and electric vans. Eighty-four vans were operated on the alternative fuels and 27 vans were operated on gasoline as baseline controls. Throughout the demonstration, information was collected on fleet operations, vehicle emissions, and fleet economics. In this volume of the CleanFleet findings, the design and implementation of the project are summarized.

CleanFleet Final Report Vehicle Emissions, Vol. 7 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

Measurements of exhaust and evaporative emissions from CleanFleet vans running on M-85, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), propane gas, and a control gasoline (RF-A) are presented. Three vans from each combination of vehicle manufacturer and fuel were tested at the California Air Resources Board (ARB) as they accumulated mileage in the demonstration. Data are presented on regulated emissions, ozone precursors, air toxics, and greenouse gases. The emissions tests provide information on in-use emissions. That is, the vans were taken directly from daily commercial service and tested at the ARB. The differences in vehicle technology among the three vehicle manufacturers (Ford, Dodge, Chevrolet) and differences in alternative fuel technology provide the basis for a range of technology options. The emissions data reflect these differences, with classes of vehicles/fuels producing either more or less emissions for various compounds relative to the control gasoline.

CleanFleet Final Report: Executive Summary 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

CleanFleet, formally known as the South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, was a comprehensive demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in daily commercial service. Between April 1992 and September 1994, five alternative fuels were tested in 84 panel vans: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, methanol as M-85, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), and electricity. The AFVs were used in normal FedEx package delivery service in the Los Angeles basin alongside 27 "control" vans operating on regular gasoline. The objective of the project was to demonstrate and document the operational, emissions, and economic status of alternative fuel, commercial fleet delivery vans in the early 1990s. During the two-year demonstration, CleanFleet's 111 vehicles travelled more than three million miles and provided comprehensive data on three major topics: fleet operations, emissions, and fleet economics. Fleet operations were examined in detail to uncover and resolve problems with the use of the fuels and vehicles in daily delivery service. Exhaust and evaporative emissions were measured on a subset of vans as they accumulated mileage. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) measured emissions to document the environmental benefits of these AFVs. At the same time, CleanFleet experience was used to estimate the costs to a fleet operator using AFVs to achieve the environmental benefits of reduced emissions.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 3) 1/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: AFDC One-Stop Shopping for Emissions Data, New NGV's Pass Test, Federal Express Cleans Up, Heavy-Duty Cooperation, New AFV's from Detroit, A Clean Ride to School, Propane Vehicle Challenge

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 4) 3/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: NREL Research Improved Technologies, AFV's Combat Smog, DOE Funds Testing of Natural Gas Vehicle, Hotline Assists Callers, More EV's in Federal Fleet, California Air Resources Board May Ease Requirements

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 1) 4/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) NREL testing conversions; 2) a new AFV acquisition rule for fleets; 3) federal fleets; 4) students helping to design better cars; 5) the release of training center standards; and 6) new AFVs on the market.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 2) 7/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) a report that alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) are approaching the performance and reliability expectations of gasoline vehicles among drivers of Federal fleet vehicles; 2) natural gas refuse trucks; 3) AFV student competitions; 4) advances in electric vehicles; and 5) new features on the AFDC's World Wide Web site.

Limited Progress in Acquiring Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Reaching Fuel Goals 2/1/2000 Reports

General Accounting Office

with the first deadline approaching for EPAct's petroleum replacement goals the GAO was asked to review progress towards achieving EPACT goals. gao was asked to determine the progress made in acquiring alternative fuel vehicles and using altnerative fuels to meeting the act's fuel replacement goals. Also, GAO determined the impediments to using alternative fuel vehicles and the measures that can be taken to address those impediments in order to reach the act's replacement goals.

Analysis of Technology Options to Reduce the Fuel Consumption of Idling Trucks Stodolsky, F.;Gaines, L.;Vyas, A. 6/1/2000 Reports

Argonne National Laboratory

Long-haul trucks idling overnight consume more than 838 million gallons (20 million barrels) of fuel annually. Idling also emits pollutants. Truck drivers idle their engines primarily to heat or cool the cab and/or sleeper, keep the fuel warm in winter, and keep the engine warm in the winter so that the engine is easier to start. Alternatives to overnight idling could save much of this fuel, reduce emissions, and cut operating costs. Several fuel-efficient alternatives to idling are available to provide heating and cooling: direct-fire heater for cab/sleeper heating, with or without storage cooling; auxiliary power units; and truck stop electrification. Many of these technologies have drawbacks that limit market acceptance. Options that supply electricity are economically viable for trucks that are idled for 1,000-3,000 or more hours a year, while heater units could be used across the board. Payback times for fleets, which would receive quantity discounts on the prices, would be somewhat shorter.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - November 1, 2000 Laughlin, M. 11/1/2000 Reports

QSS Group Inc.

This is the second issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered during the week of October 9, 2000 with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report for the week of April 10, 2000.

Notes: A printable PDF version of this document can be downloaded from the Alternative Fuel Data Center's web site http://www.afdc.doe.gov/pdfs/AFPrice_11_01.pdf

Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: Final Results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vehicle Evaluation Program Motta, R.;Norton, P.;Kelly, K.;Chandler, K.;Schumacher, L.;Clark, N. 10/1/1996 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO;Battelle, Columbus, OH;Univ. of Missouri;West Virginia Univ.

Transit buses represent one of the best applications for alternative fuels, which have already made significant inroads into the transit bus market. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, initiated a program to study the performance, reliability, costs, and emissions of alternative fuel transit buses versus conventional diesel buses (controls). This report comprehensively and objectively evaluates the reliability, operating costs, and emissions levels of all alternative fuels currently in use in the transit bus industry.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 1 Issue 1 10/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This premiere issue of Alt Fuel News is the new joint publication of AFDC Update and Clean Cities Drive. It contains articles on: 1) Clean Cities Stakeholders' Conference and Expo; 2) Clinton Enodrses STronger Clean Air Rules; 3) DOE Offers Alternative Fuel Grants; 4) Chrysler Announces Plans for E85 Minivan Production; 5) Interview with Federico Pena

California State Alternative Fuels Plan 10/1/2007 Reports

Transportation Committee, California Energy Commission, Sacramento, California; California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, California

The California State Alternative Fuels Plan presents strategies and actions California must take to increase the use of alternative non-petroleum fuels in a manner that minimizes costs to the state and maximizes the economic benefits of in-state production. The plan assessed various alternative fuels and developed fuel portfolios to meet California's goals to reduce petroleum consumption, increase alternative fuels use, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase in-state production of biofuels, without causing a significant degradation of public health and environmental quality. The key circumstances and conditions necessary to achieve the plan outcomes are presented for each fuel based on plan assumptions and analysis. The plan describes a 2050 Vision that extends the plan outcomes beyond the milestone years of 2012, 2017, and 2022 and lays a foundation for building a multi-fuel transportation energy future for California.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 1 Issue 2 1/1/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 1 3/20/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes an overview of the Kyoto Protocol, What Does It Mean? DART's New Facilities Are Truly Texan; New Technologies Are Right around the Corner; GSA Helps Federal Fleets Acquire AFVs; Comments Welcome on the Rulemaking for Local Government and Private Fleets; List of AFVs Available through GSA IFMS; AFVs Were a Hit at the Auto Shows; DOE Seeks Input on E85 Action Plan; Converted Vehicles Subject to New Rules; CMAQ Funds Are Still Alive; SEP Grants Promote Partnerships; ICLEI Award Winners Anmnounced; EPA Pollution Prevention Can Help Clean Cities; Clean Cities Roundup; New Jersey Electrifies Commuting with Project Power Commute

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - July 3, 2001 Laughlin, M. 7/3/2001 Reports

QSS Group Inc.

This is the fourth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report,a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of May 28 and June 4, 2001, with comparisons to the prices in the previous price report for the week of October 9, 2000.

Notes: A printable PDF version of this document can be downloaded from the Alternative Fuel Data Center's web site http://www.afdc.doe.gov/pdfs/A_F_Price_Report_7_3.pdf

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 2 6/1/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News discusses whether private and local government fleets should be required to acquire alternative fuel vehicles.The U.S. department of Energy has two principal mechanisms to overcome market initiation hurdles: mandate certain vehicle owners to use alternative fuels, or propose incentives for vehicle owners to use alternative fuels. Other stories deal with the success of the Paso del Norte Clean Cities Coalition, which spans the U.S. Mexico border and includes the cities of El Paso, Texas; Ciudad Juarez, Mexico; and Las Cruces, New Mexico. Also featured is a list of the four Clean Cities game plan objectives in 1998: simply put, they all involve making it easier for fleets to choose alternative fuels.

Ending the Energy Stalemate: A Bipartisan Strategy to Meet America's Energy Challenges 12/1/2004 Reports

National Commission on Energy Policy, Washington, D.C.

A bipartisan group of top energy experts from industry, government, labor, academia, and environmental and consumer groups produced this report to address major long-term U.S. energy challenges. The report contains detailed policy recommendations for addressing oil security, climate change, natural gas supply, the future of nuclear energy, and other long-term challenges, and is backed by more than 30 original research studies.

Alternative Fuels In Trucking, Vol. 6, No. 1 8/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) lessons learned from the biodiesel fuel test; 2) a grocery chain's use of LNG tractors on California roads; 3) using liquefied natural gas as a vehicle fuel; and 4) an LE-55 natural gas engine project which targets 55% efficiency and low emissions.

Ralphs Grocery EC-Diesel? Truck Fleet Start-Up Experience Peterson, G; LeTavec, C.;Hallstrom, K.;Lassen, M.; Keski-Hynnila, D.;Vertin, K.; Chandler, K.;Clark, N. 10/1/2001 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Ralphs Grocery volunteered to participate in the ARCO EC-Diesel? Technology Validation Program, which is being conducted with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in collaboration with federal and state agencies and industry partners. NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory. The Program is supported by DOE's Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT), Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT). The purpose of the validation program is to evaluate trucks retrofitted with catalyzed diesel particulate filters and fueled with a new ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel called ECD? , which was developed by ARCO, a BP Company.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 3 8/31/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the AFDC features stories ranging from President Clinton's proclamation of May 31- June 6 as National Alternative Fuels Week, thus spreading the alternative fuels message to more and more people across the country; the Clean Cities Talk Show featuring John McLaughlin of 'McLaughlin Group' fame; the five new partners that recently entered the Clean Cities Hall of Fame; and a detailed listing of 1998 Clean Cities Coalition Award Winners.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - December 17, 2001 Lott, M. 12/17/2001 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the fifth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to data on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of October 15 and October 22, 2001, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report for the week of June 4, 2001.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 4 11/1/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the AFDC, features articles on different coalitions, in celebration of the 5th anniversary of the Clean Cities Program. The Federal News section compares the difference between the EPAct and the Clean Fuel Fleet Program. School buses are spotlighted in the niche market section, and Steve Howards, President for Consultants in Pollution Prevention, Inc., writes a guest article on Clean Cities Market Development.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 7 Issue 3 11/24/2003 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This issue of Alternative Fuel News, published by the Clean Cities Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), brings you a lead article titled 'Station Stories.' Along with a year's worth of changes to Clean Cities database of fueling stations, it provides success stories from individual fueling locations. Next is a story on biodiesel buying co-operatives, which represent a growing grassroots movement. We report on expansion of the CNG fueling infrastructure in Bangladesh. We provide perspective on the international arm of Clean Cities, with a guest letter written by the program's deputy director, and a memo from the annual meeting of Europe's clean-transport initiative, CIVITAS, penned by the program's Outstanding Coordinator for 2003. We cover the rise in trading of AFV credits by EPAct-regulated fleets, and we supply coalition news from around the country: An EPA grant will help buy cleaner school buses in Salt Lake City; a CNG-fueled bookmobile cruises Seattle; Lansing, Michigan launches the latest coalition. In Washington, a prototype AFV shuttle bus for national parks is unveiled by DOE's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 28, 2002 Lott, M. 3/28/2002 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the fifth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the months of January and February, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report which were collected in October, 2001.

Alternative Fuels in Public Transit: A Match Made on the Road 3/1/2002 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

As alternative fuels compete with conventional fuels for a place in public awareness and acceptance, one of their most visible applications is in public transportation. Vehicles, particularly buses and shuttles, that carry people in large numbers, stand to gain much from using alternative fuels. Such high-demand fuel users can help sustain a fueling infrastructure that supports private autos and other smaller vehicles.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 6 3/12/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - May 10, 2002 Lott, M. 5/10/2002 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the sixth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of April 15 and April 22, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report which were collected in February, 2002.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 3 Issue 1 5/1/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Issue Volume 3, No. 1 of the Alternative Fuel Newsletter focuses on the new millenium: what's in store for alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles. A feature article highlights how national parks in the U.S. are working to reduce pollution by using alternative fuels within the parks.

Lessons Learned from Alternative Transportation Fuels: Modeling Transition Dynamics Welch, Cory 2/1/2006 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Much attention has been given to the use of hydrogen as an alternative transportation fuel, but hydrogen was certainly not the first fuel considered as an alternative to gasoline for transportation applications. Options ranging from all-electric vehicles to those running on natural gas, propane, ethanol, and biodiesel have also received both industry and government attention. Unfortunately, previous government efforts to encourage widespread adoption of alternative fuel vehicles have been largely unsuccessful. The National Academy of Engineering suggested that 'DOE might have its greatest impact by leading the private economy toward transition strategies rather than to ultimate visions of an energy infrastructure markedly different from the one now in place.'</p><p>This report focuses on understanding how analytical system modeling coupled with actual data from previous alternative-fuel experiences could improve our understanding of the dynamic forces governing the transition to an alternative-fueled vehicle system.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - August 8, 2002 Lott, M. 8/8/2002 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the seventh issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of July 15, July 22, and July 29, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report which were collected in April, 2002.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 3 Issue 2 9/15/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Emerging Emissions Picture - Interim Results - Summer 1996 10/1/1996 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This brochure provides emissions results for light-duty cars, trucks, and vans and heavy-duty trucks and buses.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 3 Issue 3 10/31/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Demonstration and Evaluation of Hybrid Diesel-Electric Transit Buses 10/25/2005 Reports

Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering, Hartford, Connecticut

This report, written by the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering for the Connecticut Department of Transportation and CTTransit, details the demonstration and evaluation of hybrid diesel-electric transit buses. The project goal was to identify the next generation of transit vehicles for future fleet replacement that are cost effective, reliable, produce fewer emissions, and have improved fuel economy compared to the standard heavy-duty diesel powered bus. Data was collected to produce an estimated life-cycle cost analysis, emissions information, mileage, fuel economy, power production, brake pad wear, and maintenance and repair costs. Bus operator and customer surveys were also conducted. Results were completed on Dec. 31, 2004. The results found the hybrid buses to be very reliable and to achieve 10% better fuel economy than their comparable diesel buses. All vehicle emissions in the study were the same. The hybrid buses had a lower life-cycle cost when the current FTA 80% purchase subsidy was considered.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 4) 4/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the DOE unveiling of an advanced natural gas vehicle; 2) the first report on fuel replacement goals; 3) new AFV technologies; and 4) CNG refueling sites.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - December 27, 2002 Lott, M. 12/27/2002 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the eighth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of October 21, October 28, and November 4, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report which were collected in July, 2002.

Ralphs Grocery EC-Diesel Truck Fleet: Final Results Chandler, K.; Vertin, K.; Alleman, T.; Clark, N. 1/1/2003 Reports

Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, Ohio; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado; West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies sponsored a research project to collect and analyze data on the performance and operation costs of 15 of Ralph's Grocery's diesel trucks fueled by Emissions Control Diesel (ECD, also known as EC-Diesel) or a related fuel, ECD-1, in commercial service, compared with the performance of 5 diesel trucks fueled by California Air Resources Board (CARB) diesel fuel and operating on similar routes. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory managed this project. This evaluation was part of the larger EC-Diesel Technology Validation Program sponsored by ARCO (a division of BP) to evaluate ECD (an ultra-low-sulfur diesel [ULSD] fuel) and passive regenerative catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF) technology on urban diesel vehicles. DPFs are intended to replace the original equipment muffler system and remove harmful emissions from the truck exhaust stream. ECD is intended to provide improved emission control and performance characteristics.

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results Chandler, K.;Eberts, E.;Eudy, L. 1/2/2006 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, Colorado

This report focuses on compressed natural gas (CNG) and diesel hybrid electric bus propulsion systems in New York City Transit buses. Both of these propulsion systems are alternatives to standard diesel buses and allow for reductions in petroleum use and emissions (usually focused on reductions of particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen). CNG propulsion is an alternative to diesel fuel use, and diesel hybrid propulsion allows for increased fuel economy, which, in turn, is a reduction in petroleum use.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 3, 2003 Lott, M. 3/3/2003 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the ninth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of February 3, February 10, and February 17 2003, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in October, 2002.

Alternative Fuels In Trucking, Vol. 5, No. 2 12/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the development of an interstate clean transportation corridor; 2) a Congressional task force that is addressing natural gas vehicle R&D concerns; 3) a midwest ethanol demonstration project; 4) Caterpillar's introduction of new dual-fuel engines; 5) a report on gas composition issues for natural gas vehicles and fueling stations; 6) NGVC's testimony before the House Oversight and Investigation Committee; and 7) DOE's Biodiesel Research and Development Program's search for industry partnerships in the heavy-duty sector.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - December 30, 2003 Lott, M. 12/30/2003 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the tenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of December 1, and December 8, 2003, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in February 2003.

Future U.S. Highway Energy Use: A Fifty Year Perspective Birky, A.; Greene, D.; Gross, T.; Hamilton, D.; Heitner, K.; Johnson, L.; Maples, J.; Moore, J.; Patterson, P.; Plotkin, S.; Stodolsky, F. 5/3/2001 Reports

United States Department of Energy - Office of Transportation Technologies

The U.S. Transportation system as a whole and the highway mode in particular will be much different in the year 2050 compared to today. The type and number of vehicles in use and the fuels employed to power them are unknown. Yet planning for the future requires acting on the information at hand: assessing the implications of the current path and the potential benefit of alternative futures. This paper puts transportation energy issues into a long-run perspective so that informed planning can begin early enough to make a decisive difference. This paper examines the global oil supply and demand over the next 50 years to show that a transition away from conventional oil will begin. The analysis reviews the energy, economic, and environmental implications of the alternatives that are available to meet some of the anticipated gap between world conventional oil production and the liquid fuels required to support a growing world economy. This paper then describes several U.S. Transportation technology strategies with a range of efficiency improvements and fuel substitutions, and calculates their first order effects on energy use, petroleum consumption, and carbon emissions over a 50-year time horizon.

Notes: This report is available on the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) Web site at http://www.ott.doe.gov/facts/publications/hwyfuture.pdf

National Energy Policy: Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group 5/16/2001 Reports

National Energy Policy Development Group

This overview sets forth the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group's findings and key recommendations for a National Energy Policy.

Notes: Hard copies of this document are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Web site: http://bookstore.gpo.gov. Contact the U.S. Government Printing Office by phone: (202) 512-1800 or fax: (202) 512-2250

Clean Air Act of 1990 as amended through 2003 2/24/2004 Reports

Clean Air Act of 1990 with amendments through January 2004

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 23, 2004 Lott, M. 3/23/2004 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the eleventh issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between March 3 and March 17, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in December, 2003.

Annual Energy Outlook 2012; with Projections to 2035 6/1/2012 Reports

U.S. Energy Information Administration

The projections in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (AEO2012) focus on the factors that shape the U.S. energy system over the long term. Under the assumption that current laws and regulations remain unchanged throughout the projections, the AEO2012 Reference case provides the basis for examination and discussion of energy production, consumption, technology, and market trends and the direction they may take in the future. It also serves as a starting point for analysis of potential changes in energy policies. But AEO2012 is not limited to the Reference case. It also includes 29 alternative cases (see Appendix E, Table E1), which explore important areas of uncertainty for markets, technologies, and policies in the U.S. energy economy. Many of the implications of the alternative cases are discussed in the "Issues in focus" section of this report.</p><p>Key results highlighted in AEO2012 include continued modest growth in demand for energy over the next 25 years and increased domestic crude oil and natural gas production, largely driven by rising production from tight oil and shale resources. As a result, U.S. reliance on imported oil is reduced; domestic production of natural gas exceeds consumption, allowing for net exports; a growing share of U.S. electric power generation is met with natural gas and renewables; and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions remain below their 2005 level from 2010 to 2035, even in the absence of new Federal policies designed to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - June 29, 2004 Lott, M. 6/29/2004 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, MD 20706

This is the twelfth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between June 14 and June 25, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in March, 2004.

Clean Cities News, Volume 8, Number 3 9/1/2004 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities News, volume 8, number 3, published by the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative, opens with a feature on the recently awarded State Energy Program Special Projects grants66 grants worth $5.4 million were awarded to Clean Cities projects. Also included in this edition are success stories about NGV use in driver education courses, a New Hampshire public works department that runs on biodiesel, propane school buses in Portland, and the Clean Vehicle Loaner program in Texas. A technical assistance feature on airport AFV use; EPAct, Clean Cities, and industry news; and listings of upcoming events and resources round out this issue.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - November 26, 2004 Lott, M. 11/26/2004 Reports

QSS Group, Inc. Lanham, MD 20706

This is the thirteenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between November 8 and November 19, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in June, 2004.

Transit on the Cutting Edge of Clean Technology 9/1/2012 Reports

American Public Transportation Association, Washington, DC

This white paper reviews the substantial progress that transit agencies have made in investing in innovative clean technologies and fuels, such as electricity, hybrid vehicles, electric storage, biofuels, natural gas, and hydrogen fuel cells.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 5 Issue 3 12/1/2001 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News includes a cover story on alternative fuel school buses; a feature on biodiesel fuel and its progress in the marketplace; and a story on National AFV Day, a nationwide celebration of alternative fuel vehicles set for April 2002.

Clean Cities News, Volume 8, Number 1 3/1/2004 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This premier issue of Clean Cities News, published by the Clean Cities Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), features a lead article explaining the newly expanded Clean Cities Program. The article highlights the addition of fuel blends, hybrid vehicles, fuel economy, and idle reduction to the Clean Cities portfolio built on alternative fuels. In addition, we offer success stories about a Cleveland, Ohio-based order of nuns who drive CNG Hondas; a new propane pumping station in Bakersfield, California; the nation's first biodiesel blending facility in Indiana; and Mammoth Cave National Park's commitment to using E85, propane, and biodiesel in its support and transit vehicles. We also include a story on the U.S. Marine Corps winning of a Federal Energy and Water Management Award for 2003; a coordinator profile on Rick Ruvolo; industry news on E85 from General Motors; and the release of a toolkit aimed at opening the short-haul trucking market to alternative fuels.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 28, 2005 Lott, M. 3/28/2005 Reports

QSS Group, Inc. Lanham, Maryland 20706

This is the fourteenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between March 8 and March 22, 2005, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in November, 2004. The changes in prices from one reporting period to the next can be attributed not only to price volatility, but also to an inconsistent set of respondents. Thus, differences from one report to the next should not be assumed to reflect trends.

Clean Cities 2010 Annual Metrics Report Johnson, C. 10/1/2012 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Each year, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) asks Clean Cities coordinators to submit an annual report of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Data and information are submitted to an online database that is maintained as part of the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Coordinators submit a range of data that characterizes the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions. They also submit data about sales of alternative fuels, deployment of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), idle reduction initiatives, fuel economy activities, and programs to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT). NREL analyzes the data and translates them into gasoline use reduction impacts, which are summarized in this report.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 1 1/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on tax incentive information available on the Clean Cities Web site; the importance of communication among Clean Cities Coalitions; Missouri's first permanent hydrogen fueling station in Rolla; school bus idle reduction in Vermont; Pennsylvania's new E85 corridor; updated UL bulletin on E85 fuel dispensing equipment; EPA's SmartWay Grow and Go program; B99 put to work in Portland, Oregon; EPAct requirements for Federal Fleet to use alternative fuel

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - September 2005 Laughlin, M. 9/1/2005 Reports

New West Technologies, LLC. Landover, Maryland

The September 2005 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report is a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected in the month of September 2005 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders.

Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels 1/1/2013 Books & Chapters

Committee on Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels; Board on Energy and Environmental Systems; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council

For a century, almost all light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have been powered by internal combustion engines (ICEs) operating on petroleum fuels. Energy security concerns over petroleum imports and the effect of greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions on global climate are driving interest in alternatives. This report assesses the potential for reducing petroleum consumption and GHG emissions by 80% across the U.S. LDV fleet by 2050, relative to 2005. It examines the current capability and estimated future performance and costs for each vehicle type and non-petroleum-based fuel technology as options that could significantly contribute to these goals. By analyzing scenarios that combine various fuel and vehicle pathways, the report also identifies barriers to implementation of these technologies and suggests policies to achieve the desired reductions. Several scenarios are promising, but strong, effective, and sustained but adaptive policies such as research and development (R&D), subsidies, energy taxes, or regulations will be necessary to overcome barriers such as cost and consumer choice.

Notes: This book is available for purchase from The National Academies Press.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 9, No. 1 3/1/2005 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities Now 9-1, the debut issue of the Clean Cities online newsletter, features an interview with Paul Roberts, author of the End of Oil and the CC Conference keynote speaker. Other highlights include announcement of the SEP request for proposals, the Governors' Ethanol Coalition and its work with GM, and a CNG school bus fleet that has logged 6 million miles. Additional coalition, industry, and program news is included.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 2 5/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on law to increase fuel economy to 35 mpg by 2020; Tucson CC Coalition helps Super Bowl go green; Utah school bus drivers pledge to reduce idling; DOE designates New Orleans Clean Cities Coalition; Vermont Clean Cities co-sponsors plug-in hybrid electric vehicle event; DOE offers $30 million in cost-share funding for improving PHEV performance; IRS.gov features list of heavy-duty vehicles eligible for tax credits; Alamo Clean Cities in San Antonio develops hybrid taxi replacement program; no AFV mandate for private and local fleets.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report Laughlin, M.D. 2/1/2006 Reports

New West Technologies, LLC, Landover, Maryland

<p>The February 2006 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report is a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders in January and February 2006, and then averaged in order to determine regional price trends by fuel and variability in fuel price within regions and among regions. The prices collected for this report represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel, including Federal and state motor fuel taxes.</p><p>Table 1 illustrates that all of the alternative fuels (with the exception of biodiesel) are lower in price than conventional fuels on a per-gallon basis. Relative to the last report from September 2005, the average prices for all of the fuels included in this price report have dropped in price by as much as 50 cents.

Results of Combustion and Emissions Testing when Co-Firing Blends of Binder-Enhanced Densified Refuse-Derived Fuel (b-dRDF) Pellets and Coal in a 440 MW, Cyclone Fired Combustor Ohlsson, 0.,; (Argon National Laboratory); National Renewable Energy Laboratory 7/30/1994 Reports

This research project characterized the effects o f burning a combination of binder-enhanced densified refusederived fuel (b-dRDF1 pellets and coal in a commercial-scale electrical generating facility. Pelletized b-dRDF has been burned in coal combustors, but only in quantities of Jess than 3% in large utility systems. This research investigated using b-dRDF in quantities up t o 20%. Through this research, project participants gained operating, technical, and economic viability data that will be critical for the near-term commercial use of b-dRDF.

Notes: This report contains the test data from the co-firing of b-dRDF pellets and coal in a MO-MW, cyclone- fired combustor. These tests were conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA). The CRADA partners included the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE); the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Otter Tail Power Company; Green Isle Environmental, Inc.; XL Recycling Corporation; and Marblehead Lime Company. The report. is made up of three volumes. Volume 1 contahs a description of the test facility, the test program, test results, and study conclusions and recommendations; Volume 2 contains the field data and laboratory analysis of each individual run. Volume 3 contains other supporting information, quality assurance documentation, and safety and test plans. This multi-volume approach enables readers to find information at the desired level of detail, depending on individual interest or need.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 3 7/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on General Motors Rewards to Clean Cities Coalitions; Central Indiana CC Hosts Annual Legislative Breakfast; Northern Colorado CC Hosts Better Cars, Smarter Fleets Expo; Ann Arbor CC Receives CMAQ Grant for Infrastructure; and Specialty Solid Waste and Recycling Co. Serving Sunnyvale, Calif. with CNG Refuse Haulers.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 9, No. 2 5/1/2005 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities Now Volume 9, Issue 2 features stories about the 2005 National Partner Award Winners, Clean Cities Coordinator of the Year Colleen Crowninshield, a partnership between the Coachella Valley Coalition and the Agua Caliente Tribe, the adoption of the Honda FCX fuel cell vehicles by fleets throughout the United States and the use of alternative fuels in the Philippines, including CME, a form of biodiesel produced from coconuts.

Ralphs Grocery EC-Diesel? Truck Fleet Final Data Report 10/1/2001 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This is the final data report for the Ralphs Grocery ARCO EC-Diesel? Technology Validation Program, which was conducted with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in collaboration with federal and state agencies and industry partners. The purpose of the validation program was to evaluate trucks retrofitted with catalyzed diesel particulate filters and fueled with a new ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel called ECD? , which was developed by ARCO, a BP Company.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 4 10/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on 15th Anniversary of Clean Cities program; communications programs; first Clean Cities Coalitions in Atlanta, Denver, and Philadelphia; and alternative fuel transit buses.

State Alternative Fuel Vehicle Incentives: A Decade and More of Lessons Learned Brown, M.;Breckenridge, L. 2/1/2001 Reports

National Conference of State Legislatures

This report assesses the effectiveness of state incentives and suggests incentives that might encourage new vehicle technologies. It does not assess whether a state should promote alternative fuel vehicles or whether such vehicles are the most effective means to reduce air pollution. Rather, the analysis analyzes the effectiveness of state incentives of the past decade and describes the characteristics of effective alternative fuel vehicle incentives and the fiscal implications for a state that is committed to support an effective alternative fuel vehicle program.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, October 2006 Laughlin, M.D. 10/1/2006 Reports

New West Technologies, LLC, Landover, Maryland

<p>The October 2006 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report is a quarterly report keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders in September and October 2006, and then averaged in order to determine regional price trends by fuel and variability in fuel price within regions and among regions. The prices collected for this report represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel, including Federal and state motor fuel taxes.</p><p>Table 1 illustrates that alternative fuel prices relative to conventional fuels vary, with some (propane and biodiesel) higher and some (E85 and CNG) lower. CNG is about 45 cents less than gasoline on an energy-equivalent basis, while E85 is about 11 cents less per gallon than gasoline.