Publications

Find publications about alternative transportation, including alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and regulated fleets.

Search Results | 100 publications
Title Author Date Category
Clean Fuels Paving the Way for America's Future: A Source for Information on Clean Burning Alternative Transportation Fuels 4/1/1995 Brochures & Fact Sheets

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC

With so many alternative fuels being promoted by various groups, it is important for legislators, the public and all interested parties to understand the different fuels that are available, how they are made, how they are used and their impact on the environment. This brochure is intended to help legislators at all levels to make informed decisions and for the media, with a responsibility of informing the public, to be educated on these issues. The fuels covered in this brochure include: ethanol, ethyl tertiary butyl ether, methanol, methyl tertiary butyl ether, biodiesel, gasoline additives and combustion modifiers, electric vehicles, natural gas and propane. It also summarizes regional and state clean fuel policies and regulations.

Public Law 102-486 - October 24, 1992: Energy Policy Act of 1992 10/24/1992 Reports

This act is intended to provide for improved energy efficiency. It includes provisions for the following: energy efficiency; alternative fuels - general; alternative fuels - non-federal programs; availability and use of replacement fuels, alternative fuels, and alternative fueled private vehicles; electric motor vehicles; electricity; high-level radioactive waste; United States enrichment corporation; remedial action and uranium revitalization; uranium enrichment health, safety, and environment; renewable energy; coal; strategic petroleum reserve; octane display and disclosure; global climate change; additional federal power act provisions; oil pipeline regulatory reform; general provisions - reduction of oil vulnerability; energy and environment; energy and economic growth; policy and administrative provisions; non-federal power act hydropower provisions; coal, oil, and gas; Indian energy resources; insular areas energy security; nuclear plant licensing; and additional nuclear energy provisions.

Federal Alternative Motor Fuels Programs - Fourth Annual Report to Congress 7/1/1995 Reports

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC;National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This annual report to Congress presents the current status of the alternative fuel vehicle programs being conducted across the country in accordance with the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988. These programs, which represent the most comprehensive data collection effort ever undertaken on alternative fuels, are beginning their fifth year. This report summarizes tests and results from the fourth year.

Clean Cities Drive - Post Conference Issue ( Vol. 3, No. 1) 1/1/1996 Newsletters

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC

This issue includes articles on the following: Clean Cities Stakeholders First Annual Conference, GRI Announces Grants for Clean Cities, Antelope Valley Schools use Creative Funding To Keep Smog in Check, New Clean Cities Designations,

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 5 Issue 2 7/1/2001 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News features articles on the National Energy Policy; the 2001 National Clean Cities Conference including Coalition Award and Partner Award recipients; station cars; and new emissions-reducing incentives in Texas.

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation Greene, D.L.; Schafer, A. 5/1/2003 Reports

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008,Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307

In the U.S. economy, transportation is second only to electricity generation in terms of the volume and rate of growth of greenhouse gas emissions. In terms of carbon dioxide, which accounts for 95 percent of transportation's GHG emissions, transportation is the largest and fastest growing end-use sector. This report evaluates potential CO2 emission reductions from transportation in the U.S. Measures considered include energy efficiency improvements, low-carbon alternative fuels, increasing the operating efficiency of the transportation system, and reducing travel. Highway vehicles should be the primary focus of policies to control GHG emissions since they account for 72 percent of total transportation emissions.

Clean Cities Communicator (Vol. 1, No. 2) 5/1/1996 Newsletters

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC

This issue highlights the different ways that alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) will be showcased during the summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia as well as other events around the country.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 9, No. 1 3/1/2005 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities Now 9-1, the debut issue of the Clean Cities online newsletter, features an interview with Paul Roberts, author of the End of Oil and the CC Conference keynote speaker. Other highlights include announcement of the SEP request for proposals, the Governors' Ethanol Coalition and its work with GM, and a CNG school bus fleet that has logged 6 million miles. Additional coalition, industry, and program news is included.

Clean Cities Drive - Summer 1996 (Vol. 3, No. 3) 7/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) state and fuel provider fleets acquiring alternative fuel vehicles; 2) the 1996 second national Clean Cities conference; 3) five Clean Cities receiving grants for natural gas programs; 4) enthusiasm for Clean Cities spreading into Canada, Mexico, and Chile; 5) an electric vehicle road trip; 6) airports as a centerpiece for Clean Cities programs; 7) alternative fuels in the skies; 8) California's use of technology to expand the fueling network; 9) the switch to clean vehicles by police departments; 10) James Ferguson, the Clean Cities Program Manager; 11) Clean Cities updates; and 12) a calendar of events.

Clean Cities Drive - Fall 1996 (Vol 3 No 4) 10/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) Clean Cities celebration of successes at the Second National Conference; 2) the Clean Cities constituency; 3) the support of AFV programs through CMAQ funding; 4) a public-access propane infrastructure built by Thermogas; 5) the arrival of station cars in many Clean Cities; 6) the importance of alternative fuels in Atlanta's Olympic efforts; 7) Clean Cities eligible for funding programs; 8) conference highlights; 9) DOE's need for input on local and private fleets; 10) support by national parks for Clean Cities goals; 11) Clean Cities on the Internet; 12) the Clean Cities network; 13) a Clean Cities update; 14) the new Clean Cities CD-ROM; and 15) a calendar of events.

Clean Cities Drive, Vol. 4, No. 1 5/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the Clean Cities Stakeholders' Conference and Expo; 2) Clean Cities corridors; 3) Raley's Supermarket's addition of a fueling station and LNG trucks to their fleet; 4) EV Market Launch workshops in New York, Richmond, Boston, and Atlanta; 5) DOE's comments on a proposed private and municipal fleet ruling; 6) new Clean Cities; 7) Dan Deaton; 8) a Clean Cities regional meeting that focused on corridors; and 9) a calendar of events.

Perspectives on AFVs: State and City Government Fleet Driver Survey Whalen, M.;Eudy, L.;Coburn, T. 4/1/1999 Reports

U.S. Department of Energy - National Renewable Energy Laboratory

This survey collected information from state government and city government fleet drivers who operate light-duty alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The survey posed questions related to AFV use, fuel use and availability, and performance. Surveys were completed with 468 state government fleet drivers, from 44 of the 50 states. In all, 403 surveys were completed with city government fleet drivers from 39 different cities across the country.

Alternative Fuels in Public Transit: A Match Made on the Road 3/1/2002 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

As alternative fuels compete with conventional fuels for a place in public awareness and acceptance, one of their most visible applications is in public transportation. Vehicles, particularly buses and shuttles, that carry people in large numbers, stand to gain much from using alternative fuels. Such high-demand fuel users can help sustain a fueling infrastructure that supports private autos and other smaller vehicles.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 5 Issue 4 3/19/2002 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News includes a cover story on the success of alternative fuel infrastructure development; a feature on the growing demand for certified AFV service technicians; and a story about the Bush administration's recent announcement of the hydrogen fuel cell Freedom Car Program at the Detroit Auto Show.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 6 Issue 1 7/1/2002 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This issue of Alternative Fuel News, published by the National Clean Cities Program, features a cover story on auctions of used alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). Included is an account of an auction in southern California, plus first-hand reporting from a Denver auction. Also included is the story of Royalty Enterprises, an alternative fuels entrepreneur in central Ohio, AFV community groups in New York, and a government-industry partnership to develop heavy trucks fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG). Plus Ford's new CNG school bus, a new online AFV buyers guide for consumers, electric trolleys in Connecticut, $4.6 million in State Energy Program (SEP) grants, and much more.

Using CNG Trucks in National Parks 5/1/1998 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) has successfully introduced cleaner-burning alternative fuel (in particular, compressed natural gas, or CNG) transit vehicles, such as refuse haulers electric trams, to relieve traffic congestion and help to protect the National Park System's (NPS) natural resources and historic sites. As part of this effort, NPS and DOI are working with DOE to implement alternative fuels in heavy trucks to attain goals of environmental sustainability and efficient operation. This report outlines the steps required to put CNG trucks in operation in the NPS fleet.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, No. 4) 2/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) Clinton's issuance of an Executive Order on alternative fuels; 2) passage of the Propane Education and Research Act of 1996 through Congress; 3) The introduction of an NGV incentives package by the House Natural Gas Vehicle Task Force; 4) a New York bond act for clean fuel programs; 5) California's veto of an AFV incentive; 6) a "Stealth Bus" in Los Angeles; 7) Ashland Chemical, Inc.'s switch to M85 Ford Tauruses in its fleet; 8) New York City's increasing use of alternative fuels; 9) Iowa DOT's blend of biodiesel in heavy-duty vehicles; 10) King County, Washington's use of natural gas in police fleets; 11) heavy-duty trucks on ethanol; 12) UPS's plans to double its NGV fleet by 1998; 13) EV charging sites in Arizona; 14) changes at the National Biodiesel Board; 15) alternative fuel refueling sites on the Web; 16) the U.S. Postal Service and the DOE's plans to introduce a CNG mail truck; 17) Clean Cities; 18) Honda's announcement of a natural gas Civic; 19) the rise of alternative fuel bus purchases; 20) Ford Motor Company's AFV rebates; 21) natural gas testing in U.S. Volvos; 22) the introduction of EV1s; 23) Nissan's use of lithium-ion in its electric vehicles; and 24) plans for cleaner off-road engines.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 1) 9/1/1991 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the mission of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC); 2) Legislation; 3) People in the news; and 4) meetings and conferences

Frequently Asked Questions about the State and Alternative Fuel Provider Program 5/1/2000 Reports

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Technology Utilization, Washington, DC

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 4) 11/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the significant expansion of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in federal fleets; 2) the first U.S. ethanol bus program; 3) a study on compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); 4) new CNG packer trucks in New York; 5) federal agency plans to change fleets to alternative fuels; 6) DOE's heavy-duty alternative-fuel demonstration program; 7) NREL/DOE plans to support data collection on school buses; and 8) the Congressional passage of the National Energy Strategy.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 3) 8/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: the emissions success of alcohol-powered heavy-duty engines; the AFDC plans to provide refueling map services; the alternative fuels hotline installed by DOE; a national energy strategy update; new emission data bases; federal fleet use of alcohol-fuel vehicles; and the first U.S. E85 fleet vehicles.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 2) 7/1/1993 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the growth of the AFDC; 2) new AFDC software; 3) AFDC's provision of state AFV purchasing plans; 4) the WVU transportable lab; 5) the availability of heavy-duty emissions data; 6) the collection of heavy duty AFV performance data; and 7) the hotline's responses to tax questions.

Clean Cities News, Volume 8, Number 3 9/1/2004 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities News, volume 8, number 3, published by the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative, opens with a feature on the recently awarded State Energy Program Special Projects grants66 grants worth $5.4 million were awarded to Clean Cities projects. Also included in this edition are success stories about NGV use in driver education courses, a New Hampshire public works department that runs on biodiesel, propane school buses in Portland, and the Clean Vehicle Loaner program in Texas. A technical assistance feature on airport AFV use; EPAct, Clean Cities, and industry news; and listings of upcoming events and resources round out this issue.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 6, No. 1) 5/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) EPA's redesign of conversion certification policies; 2) the introduction of an NGV incentive Bill in Congress; 3) the introduction of the Boxer Bill in Congress; 4) New Jersey transit's expanded refueling infrastructure; 5) a Sacramento group's efforts to increase awareness of EV benefits; 6) testing of hybrid electric buses by a New York R&D group; 7) the use of heavy-duty LNG vehicles at the L.A. Airport and USPS; 8) the introduction of a medium-duty NGV by DOE and USPS; 9) NGVC's council to support LNG; 10) EV charging sites in Arizona; 11) a fuel company's purchase of natural gas refueling stations; 12) the reduced cost of methanol in California; 13) heavy-duty alternatives from OEMs and rebuilders; 14) Chrysler's announcement of an E-85 minivan and gasoline-powered fuel cell; 15) Ford's provision of 15 E85 minivans for use in state and USPS fleets; 16) GM's announcement of CNG options in Sierra and C-Series pickup trucks; 17) DOE funding; 18) a Virginia company's CNG helicopters; 19) Clean Cities' addition of the first two Ohio cities; 20) the future of CNG in Philadelphia; and 21) the Clean Cities conference.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 1) 3/1/1993 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the inclusion of transit buses and operational data in the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC); 2) AFDC's information sharing with fleet operators; 3) preparation of a CNG safety video by DOE and NREL; 4) EPACT's expansion of the role of OTT and AFDC; 5) a concentrated demonstration program beginning in Atlanta; 6) the promising emission results of M85; 7) DOE expansion of light-duty vehicle emissions testing; 8) hotline responses to EPACT questions; and 9) funding for vehicle conversion and fuel supply services.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 1, Iss. 2) 5/1/1992 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) new data bases in the AFDC; 2) the current status of the Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA) light-duty fleet; 3) legislation issues; and 4) news from around the country

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 5 2/12/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the AFDC features stories ranging from remembering the last oil embargo to the niche market of alternative fuel taxicabs. The National Gas Vehicle Coalition is featured, along with the Louisville Clean Cities Program.

CleanFleet Final Report Fleet Economics, Vol. 8 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The costs that face a fleet operator in implementing alternative motor fuels into fleet operations are examined. Five alternatives studied in the CleanFleet project are considered for choice of fuel: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), M-85, and electricity. The cost assessment is built upon a list of thirteen cost factors grouped into the three categories: infrastructure costs, vehicle owning costs, and operating costs. Applicable taxes are included. A commonly used spreadsheet was adapted as a cost assessment tool. This tool was used in a case study to estimate potential costs to a typical fleet operator in package delivery service in the 1996 time frame. In addition, because electric cargo vans are unlikely to be available for the 1996 model year from original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), the case study was extended to the 1998 time frame for the electric vans. Results of the case study are presented in cents per mile of vehicle travel for the fleet. Several options available to the fleet for implementing the fuels are examined.

CleanFleet Final Report Project Design and Implementation, Vol. 2 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The CleanFleet alternative fuels demonstration project evaluated five alternative motor fuels in commercial fleet service over a two-year period. The five fuels were compressed natural gas, propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), M-85 (85 percent methanol and 15 percent RFG), and electric vans. Eighty-four vans were operated on the alternative fuels and 27 vans were operated on gasoline as baseline controls. Throughout the demonstration, information was collected on fleet operations, vehicle emissions, and fleet economics. In this volume of the CleanFleet findings, the design and implementation of the project are summarized.

CleanFleet Final Report: Executive Summary 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

CleanFleet, formally known as the South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, was a comprehensive demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in daily commercial service. Between April 1992 and September 1994, five alternative fuels were tested in 84 panel vans: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, methanol as M-85, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), and electricity. The AFVs were used in normal FedEx package delivery service in the Los Angeles basin alongside 27 "control" vans operating on regular gasoline. The objective of the project was to demonstrate and document the operational, emissions, and economic status of alternative fuel, commercial fleet delivery vans in the early 1990s. During the two-year demonstration, CleanFleet's 111 vehicles travelled more than three million miles and provided comprehensive data on three major topics: fleet operations, emissions, and fleet economics. Fleet operations were examined in detail to uncover and resolve problems with the use of the fuels and vehicles in daily delivery service. Exhaust and evaporative emissions were measured on a subset of vans as they accumulated mileage. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) measured emissions to document the environmental benefits of these AFVs. At the same time, CleanFleet experience was used to estimate the costs to a fleet operator using AFVs to achieve the environmental benefits of reduced emissions.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 4) 4/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) the DOE unveiling of an advanced natural gas vehicle; 2) the first report on fuel replacement goals; 3) new AFV technologies; and 4) CNG refueling sites.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 1) 4/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: clean air cabs; the successful conclusion of the CleanFleet demonstration; the release of a propane video; and the CNG tractor run by the L.A. Times.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 3) 12/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) DOE's evaluation of private and local fleet roles; 2) CMAQ's support of AFV programs; 3) how to buy time; 4) the latest transit bus results; 5) an ethanol refueling handbook; 6) heavy duty manufacturers; 7) natural gas composition and vehicles; 8) Chrysler's discontinuation of NGV production for model year 1997; 9) Ford's continuation of AFV lineup with reduces prices; 10) Clean Cities in the air; 11) a House of Representatives natural gas vehicle task force; 12) the House Renewable Energy Caucus; 12) an alternative fuel vehicle incentive bill in Arizona; 13) ethanol Windstars; 14) and the use of alternative fuel vehicles at the Olympics.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 2) 10/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) emissions testing of Dodge Spirit FFVs; 2) the EPA's issuance of final gaseous fuel emissions standards; 3) the AFDC's new option for retrieving data; 4) emissions data which show varied results on 1992 CNG/gasoline conversions; 5) downloading files from the AFDC for non-internet users; 6) accessing the AFDC through the internet; 7) a new methanol video from DOE, NREL, and Los Angeles MTA; 8) an EPACT update; and 9) upcoming meetings and conferences.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 2, Iss. 4) 1/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: the AFDC/View version 2.0; map books of CNG refueling sites; protocols for data collection; quality assurance; GSA; public interest in AFDC; and hotline inquiries.

CleanFleet Final Report Fuel Economy, Vol. 4 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

Fuel economy estimates are provided for the CleanFleet vans operated for two years by FedEx in Southern California. Between one and three vehicle manufacturers (Chevrolet, Dodge, and Ford) supplied vans powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85), and unleaded gasoline as a control. Two electric G-Vans, manufactured by Conceptor Corporation, were supplied by Southern California Edison. Vehicle and engine technologies are representative of those available in early 1992. A total of 111 vans were assigned to FedEx delivery routes at five demonstration sites. The driver and route assignments were periodically rotated within each site to ensure that each vehicle would experience a range of driving conditions. Regression analysis was used to estimate the relationships between vehicle fuel economy and factors such as the number of miles driven and the number of delivery stops made each day. The energy adjusted fuel economy (distance per energy consumed) of the alternative fuel vans operating on a typical FedEx duty cycle was between 13 percent lower and 4 percent higher than that of control vans from the same manufacturer. The driving range of vans operating on liquid and gaseous alternative fuels was 1 percent to 59 percent lower than for vans operating on unleaded gasoline. The driving range of the electric G-Vans was less than 50 miles. These comparisons are affected to varying degrees by differences in engine technology used in the alternative fuel and control vehicles. Relative fuel economy results from dynamometer emissions tests were generally consistent with those obtained from FedEx operations.

CleanFleet Final Report Summary, Vol. 1 12/1/1995 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, OH

The South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, called CleanFleet, was conducted in the Los Angeles area from April 1992 through September 1994. The demonstration consisted of 111 package delivery vans operating on five alternative fuels and the control fuel, unleaded gasoline. The alternative fuels were propane gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol with 15 percent RFG (called M-85), and electricity. This volume of the eight volume CleanFleet final report is a summary of the project design and results of the analysis of data collected during the demonstration on vehicle maintenance and durability, fuel economy, employee attitudes, safety and occupational hygiene, emissions, and fleet economics.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 3) 1/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: AFDC One-Stop Shopping for Emissions Data, New NGV's Pass Test, Federal Express Cleans Up, Heavy-Duty Cooperation, New AFV's from Detroit, A Clean Ride to School, Propane Vehicle Challenge

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 1 3/20/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes an overview of the Kyoto Protocol, What Does It Mean? DART's New Facilities Are Truly Texan; New Technologies Are Right around the Corner; GSA Helps Federal Fleets Acquire AFVs; Comments Welcome on the Rulemaking for Local Government and Private Fleets; List of AFVs Available through GSA IFMS; AFVs Were a Hit at the Auto Shows; DOE Seeks Input on E85 Action Plan; Converted Vehicles Subject to New Rules; CMAQ Funds Are Still Alive; SEP Grants Promote Partnerships; ICLEI Award Winners Anmnounced; EPA Pollution Prevention Can Help Clean Cities; Clean Cities Roundup; New Jersey Electrifies Commuting with Project Power Commute

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 1) 4/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) NREL testing conversions; 2) a new AFV acquisition rule for fleets; 3) federal fleets; 4) students helping to design better cars; 5) the release of training center standards; and 6) new AFVs on the market.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 1) 4/1/1994 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) AMFA heavy-duty data which indicates that E95 and CNG fuel economies are virtually the same as diesel; 2) DOE funding of a heavy-duty demonstration program; 3) DOE funding efforts for a safe school bus; 4) hotline inquiries; and 5) the comparison of fuel economies of light-duty AFVs.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 2 Issue 2 6/1/1998 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue of the Alternative Fuel News discusses whether private and local government fleets should be required to acquire alternative fuel vehicles.The U.S. department of Energy has two principal mechanisms to overcome market initiation hurdles: mandate certain vehicle owners to use alternative fuels, or propose incentives for vehicle owners to use alternative fuels. Other stories deal with the success of the Paso del Norte Clean Cities Coalition, which spans the U.S. Mexico border and includes the cities of El Paso, Texas; Ciudad Juarez, Mexico; and Las Cruces, New Mexico. Also featured is a list of the four Clean Cities game plan objectives in 1998: simply put, they all involve making it easier for fleets to choose alternative fuels.

Perspectives on AFVs: State and City Government Fleet Manager Survey 2/1/1999 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

In an effort to reduce national dependence on imported oil and to improve urban air quality, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the development and deployment of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop and conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs compared to similar gasoline vehicles. As part of this effort, NREL has undertaken a number of evaluation projects, including conducting telephone surveys with fleet managers and drivers of AFVs in the federal fleet. This report summarizes the results of the survey of state and city government fleet managers.

Alternative Fuels In Trucking, Vol. 4, No. 2 10/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) heavy-duty trucks accelerating the growth of the American alternative transportation fuels market and 2) the U.S. Department of Energy alternative fuel heavy-duty vehicle program.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 3, Iss. 3) 2/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) alternative fuel provider guidelines; 2) alternative fuel bus data available through AFDC; 3) federal fleet purchases; 4) heavy-duty AFV awards; 5) AFVs offered by OEMs; and 6) DOE incentives.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 4) 3/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: NREL Research Improved Technologies, AFV's Combat Smog, DOE Funds Testing of Natural Gas Vehicle, Hotline Assists Callers, More EV's in Federal Fleet, California Air Resources Board May Ease Requirements

Fuel Economy Test Procedures Alternative-Fueled Automobile CAFE Incentives and Fuel Economy Labeling Requirements - Environmental Protection Agency - 40 CFR Part 600 10/1/1995 Reports

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

This final rule amends the fuel economy regulations to include alternative-fueled automobiles. The Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA) of 1988 includes 1993 model year and later alternative-fueled automobiles (passenger automobiles and light trucks) in the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program on a favorable basis to encourage the manufacture of these vehicles. The AMFA provides these CAFE "credits" for automobiles designed to be fueled with methanol, ethanol, other alcohols, natural gas, or dual-fueled automobiles designed to operate on one or more of these alternative fuels and gasoline or diesel fuel. Under the AMFA, these credits are only available for automobiles that meet certain requirements regarding: alternative fuel content (e.g., for alcohol fuels, a minimum of 85 percent by volume alcohol), energy efficiency, and driving range. Neither the AMFA nor the final rule will affect automobiles that do not meet these requirements; such vehicles would not receive the favorable CAFE treatment. Alternative-fueled automobile labeling requirements are also specified in the AMFA. This final rule codifies the requirements of the AMFA in 40 CFR part 600. Recently, AMFA was amended by the Energy Policy Act of 1992, to extend the CAFE credit to automobiles designed to operate on additional types of alternative fuels. However, this final rule does not include these additional alternative fuel types, as they were not included in the CAFE program at the time the NPRM was published and the final rule was developed.

Notes: Text of final rule to be published in the Federal Register

The Energy Policy Act of 2005: What the Energy Bill Means to You 4/6/2006

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT), signed by President Bush on August 8, 2005, offers consumers and businesses federal tax credits beginning in January 2006 for purchasing fuel-efficient hybrid-electric vehicles and energy-efficient appliances and products. Most of these tax credits remain in effect through 2007. Buying and driving a fuel-efficient vehicle and purchasing and installing energy-efficient appliances and products provide many benefits such as better gas mileage, meaning lower gasoline costs, fewer emissions, lower energy bills, increased indoor comfort, and reduced air pollution. Some consumers will also be eligible for utility or state rebates, as well as state tax incentives for energy-efficient homes, vehicles and equipment.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 1 Issue 1 10/1/1997 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This premiere issue of Alt Fuel News is the new joint publication of AFDC Update and Clean Cities Drive. It contains articles on: 1) Clean Cities Stakeholders' Conference and Expo; 2) Clinton Enodrses STronger Clean Air Rules; 3) DOE Offers Alternative Fuel Grants; 4) Chrysler Announces Plans for E85 Minivan Production; 5) Interview with Federico Pena

Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report 2006 Bergeron, P.; Putsche, V. 7/1/2007 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Clean Cities coordinators submit an annual report of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Coordinators submit a range of data that characterize the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions as well as data about sales of alternative fuel blends, deployment of alternative fuel vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, idle reduction initiatives, and fuel economy activities. NREL analyzes the data and translates them into gasoline reduction impacts.</p><p>Survey results indicate that about 375 million gallons of gasoline were displaced through Clean Citiew efforts in 2006, 50 percent more than in 2005. Alternative fuel vehicles accounted for 71 percent of the reduction. Biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) used in AFVs displaced 128 million gallons, 34 percent of the total 375 million.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 5, Iss. 2) 7/1/1996 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: 1) a report that alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) are approaching the performance and reliability expectations of gasoline vehicles among drivers of Federal fleet vehicles; 2) natural gas refuse trucks; 3) AFV student competitions; 4) advances in electric vehicles; and 5) new features on the AFDC's World Wide Web site.

AFDC Update: News of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Vol. 4, Iss. 2) 7/1/1995 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

This issue includes articles on: alternative fuels data center information available through Internet World Wide Web, CNG refuse clean up, Clean City questions, DOE scholarship winners, new AFDC database, and AFV numbers on the rise.

A Full Fuel Cycle Analysis of Energy and Emissions Impacts of Transportation Fuels Produced from Natural Gas Wang, M.;Huang, H. 12/1/1999 Reports

Argonne National Laboratory

Because of its abundance and because it offers significant energy and envirnomental advantages, natural gas has been promoted for use in motor vehicles. A number of transportation fuels are produced from natural gas: each is distinct in terms of upstream production activities and vehicle usage. In this study, researchers evaluated eight fuels produced from natural gas - compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, and electricity - for use in five types of motor vehicles - spark-ignition vehicles, compression-ignition vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, battery-powered electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles. Because of great uncertainties associated with advances in both fuel production and vehicle technologies, near-term and long-term fuels and vehicle technologies were evaluated separately. The study reveals that, in general, the use of petroleum-based fuels reduces energy use and emissions relative to use of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel fuel, although different natural gas-based fuels in different vehicle technologies can have significantly different energy and emissions impacts.

Notes: This document is available on the Argonne National Laboratory Transportation Technology Research and Development Center Web Site - http://www.transportation.anl.gov/ttrdc/pdfs/TA/13.pdf

Study of Exhaust Emissions from Idling Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks and Commercially Available Idle-Reducing Devices Lim, H. 10/1/2002 Reports

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Heavy duty diesel truck idling contributes significantly to energy consumption in the United States. The EPA initiated a study to quantify long duration idling emissions and fuel consumption rates over a two year period. It performed 42 tests on nine class-8 trucks (model years ranging from 1980s to 2001). Two of those trucks were equipped with 11 hp diesel auxiliary power units (APUs), and one was equipped with a diesel direct fired heater (DFH). The APU powers electrical accessories, heating, and air conditioning, whereas the DFH heats the cab in lieu of truck idling. Results indicate that use of an APU can reduce idling fuel consumption by 50 to 80% and reduce NOx by 89 to 94%. The use of a DFH can reduce fuel consumption by 94 to 96% and reduce NOx by 99%.

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 3 Issue 1 5/1/1999 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

Issue Volume 3, No. 1 of the Alternative Fuel Newsletter focuses on the new millenium: what's in store for alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles. A feature article highlights how national parks in the U.S. are working to reduce pollution by using alternative fuels within the parks.

Rolling Smokestacks: Cleaning up America's Trucks and Buses Mark,J.;Morey,C. 10/1/2000 Reports

Union of Concerned Scientists

This study examines how current and emerging technologies could be employed to limit diesel exhaust, thereby decreasing the public health threat it poses. Impacts on public health and global warming caused by exhaust from today's diesel trucks and buses are discussed.Technologies that could make diesel engines run cleaner are presented including natural gas, hybrids and fuel cells. The report also examines which technology might best be employed for each type of vehicle and what national benefits might be expected from conversion to alternative fuels and advanced technologies. Finally this report suggests how government regulation might help put these technologies on the road.

Notes: Hard copies of this document can be obtained from the UCS office at 2 Brattle Square, Cambridge, MA 02238-9105 for a fee of $7.00. Call (617) 547-5552 to order a copy or e-mail pubs@ucsusa.org.

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - May 4, 2000 Laughlin, M. 5/4/2000 Reports

QSS Group Inc., Lanham, Maryland.

This report summarizes and compares alternative fuel and gasoline prices across the U.S.

Notes: A printable PDF version of this document can be downloaded from the Alternative Fuel Data Center's web site http://www.afdc.doe.gov/pdfs/A_F_Price_Report_5_5.pdf

Analysis of Technology Options to Reduce the Fuel Consumption of Idling Trucks Stodolsky, F.;Gaines, L.;Vyas, A. 6/1/2000 Reports

Argonne National Laboratory

Long-haul trucks idling overnight consume more than 838 million gallons (20 million barrels) of fuel annually. Idling also emits pollutants. Truck drivers idle their engines primarily to heat or cool the cab and/or sleeper, keep the fuel warm in winter, and keep the engine warm in the winter so that the engine is easier to start. Alternatives to overnight idling could save much of this fuel, reduce emissions, and cut operating costs. Several fuel-efficient alternatives to idling are available to provide heating and cooling: direct-fire heater for cab/sleeper heating, with or without storage cooling; auxiliary power units; and truck stop electrification. Many of these technologies have drawbacks that limit market acceptance. Options that supply electricity are economically viable for trucks that are idled for 1,000-3,000 or more hours a year, while heater units could be used across the board. Payback times for fleets, which would receive quantity discounts on the prices, would be somewhat shorter.

Future U.S. Highway Energy Use: A Fifty Year Perspective Birky, A.; Greene, D.; Gross, T.; Hamilton, D.; Heitner, K.; Johnson, L.; Maples, J.; Moore, J.; Patterson, P.; Plotkin, S.; Stodolsky, F. 5/3/2001 Reports

United States Department of Energy - Office of Transportation Technologies

The U.S. Transportation system as a whole and the highway mode in particular will be much different in the year 2050 compared to today. The type and number of vehicles in use and the fuels employed to power them are unknown. Yet planning for the future requires acting on the information at hand: assessing the implications of the current path and the potential benefit of alternative futures. This paper puts transportation energy issues into a long-run perspective so that informed planning can begin early enough to make a decisive difference. This paper examines the global oil supply and demand over the next 50 years to show that a transition away from conventional oil will begin. The analysis reviews the energy, economic, and environmental implications of the alternatives that are available to meet some of the anticipated gap between world conventional oil production and the liquid fuels required to support a growing world economy. This paper then describes several U.S. Transportation technology strategies with a range of efficiency improvements and fuel substitutions, and calculates their first order effects on energy use, petroleum consumption, and carbon emissions over a 50-year time horizon.

Notes: This report is available on the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) Web site at http://www.ott.doe.gov/facts/publications/hwyfuture.pdf

Module 1: Permitting Stationary Fuel Cell Installations 1/12/2004 Reports

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington

This document is part of a series of reports about hydrogen codes and standards developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The purpose of this module is to facilitate the acceptance of stationary fuel cell technologies for buildings. To achieve this purpose, the module provides information on the building regulatory processes and provisions of relevant codes and standards that will have an impact on the design, deployment, approval, installation, operation, and maintenance of fuel cell technologies. The module covers fuel cell installations in buildings other than one- and two-family dwellings and for energy functions other than industrial processes. It is intended as a tool for determining the codes and standards applicable to stationary fuel cell installations that provide electricity for commercial buildings and that may also produce waste heat that can offset other energy-using features of such buildings.

Notes: Copies of this document are available from the PNNL Website at: http://www.pnl.gov/fuelcells/docs/permit-guides/module1_final.pdf.

Clean Cities News, Volume 8, Number 2 4/1/2004 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This special edition of Clean Cities News, published the Clean Cities Program of the U.S. Department of Energy, focuses on the program's newly expanded portfolio. While alternative fuels and vehicles continue to be the cornerstone of the program, we've added fuel blends, hybrids, fuel economy, and idle reduction to our list of strategies designed to displace significant amounts of petroleum. Read on for an early look at the expanded program as described in the new Clean Cities Roadmap.

Program Analysis Methodology Office of Transportation Technologies Quality Metrics Final Report 2001 Patterson, P.; Maples, J.;Moore, J.; Birky, A. 2/23/2000 Reports

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies

This report focuses on the projected benefits of the forty-one programs currently supported through the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) under EE/RE. For analytical purposes, these various benefits are subdivided in terms of Planning Units which are related to the OTT program structure. The scope of this report encompasses light vehicles including passenger automobiles and class 1 & 2 (light) trucks, as well as class 3 through 8 (heavy) trucks. The range of light vehicle technologies investigated include electric, hybrid electric, fuel cell, advanced diesel, natural gas fueled, and stratified charge direct-injection. A future distribution of light vehicle sizes, applications, and performance levels is calculated based on current vehicle stocks and trends, and consumer preferences. The heavy vehicle technologies investigated include hybrid, natural gas-fueled and advanced diesel. The effects of advanced materials technologies across all vehicle types are also analyzed.

Notes: This report is available in PDF format on the Office of Transportation Technology's Web site http://www.ott.doe.gov/facts/publications/QM2001.pdf

FreedomCAR Partnership Plan 9/5/2002 Reports

United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

United States Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham and senior executives of DaimlerChrysler, Ford, and General Motors announced the FreedomCAR Partnership on January 9, 2002. FreedomCAR is a research initiative focused on collaborative, pre-competitive, high-risk research to develop the component technologies necessary to provide a full range of affordable cars and light trucks that will free the nation's personal transportation system for petroleum dependence and from harmful vehicle emissions, without sacrificing freedom of mobility and freedom of vehicle choice. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), representing DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation are the partners in the initiative. The partners will jointly conduct strategic planning, determine technical requirements, identify needed resources, establish research and development priorities, and execute oversight of the R&D activities necessary to achieve the goals of the partnership. In addition, the partners will jointly develop a technical roadmap that outlines the technology-specific R&D goals (including cost targets) and milestones required to demonstrate progress.

Consumer Views on Transportation and Energy Steiner, E. 8/1/2003 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This report has been assembled to provide the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) with an idea of how the American public views various transportation, energy, and environmental issues.

Federal Tax Incentives Encourage Alternative Fuel Use 5/1/2008 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

The U.S. government provides several tax incentives for purchasing alternative fuel, hybrid electric, and fuel cell vehicles; installing alternative fueling infrastructure; and producing, selling, or using alternative fuels. The IRS has defined alternative fuels as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); compressed natural gas (CNG); liquefied natural gas (LNG); liquefied hydrogen; liquid fuel derived from coal through the Fischer-Tropsch process; liquid hydrocarbons derived from biomass including ethanol, biodiesel, and renewable diesel; and P-series fuels. Current federal tax incentives are outlined in this fact sheet.

Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report 2009 (Revised) Johnson, C. 8/10/2011 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Each year, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) asks Clean Cities coordinators to submit an annual report of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Data and information are submitted to an online database that is maintained as part of the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Coordinators submit a range of data that characterizes the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions. They also submit data about sales of alternative fuels, deployment of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), idle reduction initiatives, fuel economy activities, and programs to reduce vehicle miles driven. NREL analyzes the data and translates them into gasoline reduction impacts, which are summarized in this report.

General Evaluation Plan: Fleet Test &#38; Evaluation Projects 7/1/2002 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Fleet Test and Evaluation (FT&#38;E) team was formed to accomplish the objectives of U.S. Department of Energy&#39;s (DOE) current and emerging programs. Composed of NREL and Battelle personnel, the team supports vehicle test project initiated by DOE&#39;s Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT) and the Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies (OHFCIT). FT&#38;E projects help fleet owners and operators facilitate purchase decisions by providing them with comprehensive laboratory and fleet test data on viable alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and advanced technology vehicles (ATVs). ATVs include hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles.

Alternative Fuels Commercialization in Support of the 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report California Energy Commission Staff 5/1/2005 Reports

California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA

California's demand for transportation fuels has increased 53 percent in the last 20 years and in the next 20 years, gasoline and diesel demand will increase another 36 percent. California refineries rely increasingly on imported petroleum products to meet this demand. In 2003, the California Energy Commission and the California Air Resources Board adopted a two-pronged strategy to reduce petroleum demand: promoting improved vehicle efficiency, and increasing use of alternative fuels. This report discusses those alternative fuels used in transportation, including biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, gas to liquid fuels, hydrogen, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), and natural gas.

NREL Examines Environmental, Health, and Safety Issues Concerning Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries 7/1/1994 Reports

National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO

A new candidate for powering electric vehicles - the nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery - is approaching the marketplace. But before it can be commercialized, its safety must be examined and any health and environmental issues must be brought forth and resolved. An NREL study found that NiMH cells and batteries present few health and safety risks, primarily because the electrode materials are nontoxic. However, future EH&S work is necessary to bring these batteries closer to commercialization.

Notes: For more information call David Corbus, NREL, Analytic Studies Division, (303) 231-1364

Transportation's Role in Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions 4/1/2010 Reports

U.S. Department of Transportation, Center for Climate Change and Envrionmental Forecasting, Washington, DC

This U.S. Department of Transportation report is submitted in response to the requirements of Section 1101(c) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. It is intended to help inform the debate on surface transportation reauthorization and climate change legislation.</p><p>The report examines greenhouse gas (GHG) emission levels and trends from the transportation sector and analyzes the full range of strategies available to reduce these emissions. These strategies include: introducing low-carbon fuels, increasing vehicle fuel economy, improving transportation system efficiency, and reducing carbon-intensive travel activity. While the report does not provide recommendations, it does analyze five categories of policy options for implementing the strategies: an economy-wide price signal, efficiency standards, market incentives, transportation planning and funding programs and research and development.

Overview of Advanced Technology Transportation, 2005 Update Barnitt, R.; Eudy, L. 8/1/2005 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This overview of the 2005 transportation market includes hybrid, fuel cell, hydrogen, and alternative fuel vehicles. It covers vehicle sales, emissions, potential partners, advanced technology vehicle availability, and other factors. It also offers a "snapshot" of current vehicle technologies and trends.

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results Chandler, K.;Eberts, E.;Eudy, L. 1/2/2006 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, Colorado

This report focuses on compressed natural gas (CNG) and diesel hybrid electric bus propulsion systems in New York City Transit buses. Both of these propulsion systems are alternatives to standard diesel buses and allow for reductions in petroleum use and emissions (usually focused on reductions of particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen). CNG propulsion is an alternative to diesel fuel use, and diesel hybrid propulsion allows for increased fuel economy, which, in turn, is a reduction in petroleum use.

Technical Assessment of Advanced Transit Bus Propulsion Systems 8/1/2002 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, Ohio

This report provides the results of a technology assessment developed as part of Phase I of the Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) Zero Emission Program (ZEP). The scope of this report explores the advanced propulsion technologies feasible for bus ordering by DART in 2007 (replacing the model year 1998 and prior standard bus fleet) and capable of adequate performance for DART service, while meeting the emissions standards.

Notes: Copies of this document can be downloaded from the Alternative Fuels Data Center Web site at: http://www.afdc.doe.gov/pdfs/dart_tech_assess.pdf.

Battery Usage and Thermal Performance of the Toyota Prius and Honda Insight for Various Chassis Dynamometer Test Procedures Kelly, K.J.; Mihalic, M.; Zolot, M. 12/1/2001 Conference Papers & Proceedings

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This study describes the results from NREL's chassis dynamometer testing of a 2000 model year Honda Insight and 2001 model year Toyota Prius. The tests were conducted for the purpose of evaluating the battery thermal performance, assessing the impact of air conditioning on fuel economy and emissions, and providing information for NREL's ADVISOR simulator.

New York City Transit (NYCT) Hybrid (125 Order) and CNG Transit Buses: Final Evaluation Results Barnitt, R., Chandler, K. 11/1/2006 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado; Battelle, Columbus, Ohio.

This report is one of a series of evaluations by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), that track and evaluate new propulsion systems in transit buses and trucks using established and documented evaluation protocol. DOE/NREL evaluated the original 10 prototype diesel-hybrid buses from Orion and BAE Systems (model Orion VI buses) operated by New York City Transit (NYCT). That evaluation was reported in July 2002 and provided results from the prototype buses from 1998 through 2001. This report focuses on 10 new compressed natural gas (CNG) and next generation diesel hybrid electric bus propulsion systems in NYCT's transit buses.

SunLine Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo 5/1/2006 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Sunline Transit Agency, a joint powers authority that provides public transit and community services to California's Coachella Valley, was an early adopter of alternative fuels for bus operations. SunLine replaced its diesel fleet with CNG buses and has worked to further reduce emissions. SunLine is currently testing a prototype fuel cell bus.

Energy Policy Act of 2005 Public Law 109-58, 109th Congress 8/8/2005 Reports

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) included measuring governing energy efficiency, renewable energy, oil and gas use, clean coal power, nuclear energy, and vehicles and fuels including the use of alternative fuels, hybrid vehicles, fuel cell buses, clean fuel school buses, automobile efficiency, and diesel emissions reduction.

Identification and Review of State/Federal Legislative and Regulatory Changes Required for the Introduction of New Transportation Fuels 8/4/2010 Reports

Sierra Research Inc., Sacramento, California

Sierra Research has, at the request of the American Petroleum Institute, conducted an independent review of existing federal, state and other statutes, regulations, and requirements that must be changed and other significant implementation hurdles that must be overcome prior to the introduction of E15 and other new transportation fuels into commerce.

California State Alternative Fuels Plan 10/1/2007 Reports

Transportation Committee, California Energy Commission, Sacramento, California; California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, California

The California State Alternative Fuels Plan presents strategies and actions California must take to increase the use of alternative non-petroleum fuels in a manner that minimizes costs to the state and maximizes the economic benefits of in-state production. The plan assessed various alternative fuels and developed fuel portfolios to meet California's goals to reduce petroleum consumption, increase alternative fuels use, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase in-state production of biofuels, without causing a significant degradation of public health and environmental quality. The key circumstances and conditions necessary to achieve the plan outcomes are presented for each fuel based on plan assumptions and analysis. The plan describes a 2050 Vision that extends the plan outcomes beyond the milestone years of 2012, 2017, and 2022 and lays a foundation for building a multi-fuel transportation energy future for California.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 1 1/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on tax incentive information available on the Clean Cities Web site; the importance of communication among Clean Cities Coalitions; Missouri's first permanent hydrogen fueling station in Rolla; school bus idle reduction in Vermont; Pennsylvania's new E85 corridor; updated UL bulletin on E85 fuel dispensing equipment; EPA's SmartWay Grow and Go program; B99 put to work in Portland, Oregon; EPAct requirements for Federal Fleet to use alternative fuel

Toyota Prius Emergency Response Guide 1/1/2001 Reports

Toyota

This document outlines the proper procedures to take when dealing with a roadside emergency, collision, or breakdown of a Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle.

Notes: If you are interested in obtaining a copy of this document, please contact your local Toyota dealer.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 2 5/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on law to increase fuel economy to 35 mpg by 2020; Tucson CC Coalition helps Super Bowl go green; Utah school bus drivers pledge to reduce idling; DOE designates New Orleans Clean Cities Coalition; Vermont Clean Cities co-sponsors plug-in hybrid electric vehicle event; DOE offers $30 million in cost-share funding for improving PHEV performance; IRS.gov features list of heavy-duty vehicles eligible for tax credits; Alamo Clean Cities in San Antonio develops hybrid taxi replacement program; no AFV mandate for private and local fleets.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 3 7/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on General Motors Rewards to Clean Cities Coalitions; Central Indiana CC Hosts Annual Legislative Breakfast; Northern Colorado CC Hosts Better Cars, Smarter Fleets Expo; Ann Arbor CC Receives CMAQ Grant for Infrastructure; and Specialty Solid Waste and Recycling Co. Serving Sunnyvale, Calif. with CNG Refuse Haulers.

King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses: Interim Evaluation Results Chandler, K., Walkowicz, K. 4/1/2006 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This is an interim technical report comparing and evaluating new diesel and diesel hybrid-electric articulated buses operated as part of the King County Metro Transit fleet in Seattle, Washington. This report covers the first six months of a planned 12-month evaluation.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 12, No. 4 10/1/2008 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on 15th Anniversary of Clean Cities program; communications programs; first Clean Cities Coalitions in Atlanta, Denver, and Philadelphia; and alternative fuel transit buses.

Guide for Identifying and Converting High-Potential Petroleum Brownfield Sites to Alternative Fuel Stations Johnson, C.; Hettinger, D. 5/1/2011

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Former gasoline stations that are now classified as brownfields can be good sites to sell alternative fuels because they are in locations that are convenient to vehicles and they may be seeking a new source of income. However, their success as alternative fueling stations is highly dependent on location-specific criteria, how to prioritize them, and then applies that assessment framework to five of the most popular alternative fuels?electricity, natural gas, hydrogen, ethanol, and biodiesel. </p><p>The second part of this report delves into the criteria and tools used to assess an alternative fuel retail site at the local level. It does this through two case studies of converting former gasoline stations in the Seattle-Eugene area into electric charge stations. </p><p>The third part of this report addresses steps to be taken after the specific site has been selected. This includes choosing and installing the recharging equipment, steps to take in the permitting process and key players to include.

Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Lands at Hickam AFB 9/13/2004 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

A fuel cell hybrid electric bus was unveiled at Honolulu's Hickam Air Force Base in February 2004, becoming the first fuel cell vehicle in Hawaii and the first in the U.S. Air Force. The 30-foot flight crew shuttle bus will undergo 1 year of in-service data collection and evaluation, then will continue in routine service at the base.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 13, No. 1 2/1/2009 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on Interstate 65, the nation's first biofuels corridor; Odyssey Day activities celebrated across the country; Melissa Howell named 2008 Clean Cities Coordinator of the Year; Meijer, Inc. fleet experience in reducing miles traveled and idling while increasing profitability; Central Texas CCC incentives for electric vehicles; and Texas CCC promotion of rebates for propane-powered mowers.

Impact of Battery Characteristics on PHEV Fuel Economy Rousseau, A.; Shidore, N.; Carlson, Richard; Karbowski, D. 5/12/2008 Reports

Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois

The most significant technical barrier to developing commercially viable plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is the energy storage system. The challenge is to develop batteries that are able to meet both the requirements imposed by a PHEV system and market expectations of the system's cost and length of life. In this context, a vehicle systems approach is needed to investigate the operational requirements specific to PHEV technology. This paper describes work in which several tools were used to evaluate the impacts of various parameters on PHEV fuel economy. First, the impacts of the battery's energy and power were evaluated by using a global optimization algorithm. Then the impact of temperature was assessed by using two complementary approaches to evaluate battery hardware: simulation in an emulated vehicle system and actual vehicle testing.

Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.: Potential Carbon Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by 2030 Kutscher, C., Editor; Lilienthal,P.; Brown, H. 1/1/2007 Reports

American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO

Energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies have the potential to provide most, if not all, of the U.S. carbon emissions reductions that will be needed to help limit the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide to 450 to 500 ppm. The document includes a section on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. This section focuses on plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology, which adds additional battery capacity and charging capability to current hybrid electric vehicle technology. Plug-in vehicles thereby make possible substantial vehicle operation on energy derived from the electrical grid rather than from gasoline.

Clean Cities Now Vol. 13, No. 2 6/1/2009 Newsletters

National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, Colorado

Newsletter reports on San Antonio's Green Patrol to reduce idling at schools; Propane Road Shows in Virginia, Maryland, and South Carolina; Green Fleet Workshops in Lansing, Michigan; CabAire truck stop electrification project; Tucson's Sustainability and Energy Expo; Antelope Valley, California, green vehicle charity event; and University of Illinois-Chicago fleet experience story.

MTA New York City Transit 3/1/2003 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

The Role of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is to bridge the gap between R&D of advanced vehicle technologies and commercial availability. This fact sheet examines testing activity for New York City Transit's fleet of diesel electric hybrid buses.

King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses Final Evaluation Results Chandler, K.; Walkowicz, K. 12/1/2006 Reports

Battelle, Columbus, Ohio; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This is the final report on hybrid electric buses in service at King County Metro Transit in King County, Washington. The report includes 12 months of performance data on ten 60-ft. New Flyer buses with a hybrid propulsion system designed and built by GM Allison. This fleet is the largest application of the GM Allison hybrid propulsion system to date. The report also outlines the overall experience of the transit agency and their project partners in operating these advanced technology buses in revenue service.

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool 11/1/2008

The Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool helps fleets, consumers, and business owners create a strategy to reudce conventional fuel use in fleet and personal vehicles. This interactive tool allows users to evaluate and calculate petroleum reductions by choosing one or a combination of methods.

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios. Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W. 4/1/2013 Reports

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

Plug-In Hybrid Modeling and Application: Cost/Benefit Analysis (Presentation) Simpson, A. 8/24/2006 Presentations

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

Presentation of data from a simulation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle efficiency and cost, including baseline vehicle assumptions, powertrain technology scenarios, and component modeling.

Research on PHEV Battery Requirements and Evaluation of Early Prototypes Rousseau, A.; Shidore, N.; Carlson, R.; Nelson, P. 5/17/2007 Conference Papers & Proceedings

Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois

Presentation overview of energy storage requirements being validated with systems-level testing including energy storage requirements using PSAT, battery requirements validation with HIL, and PHEV Prius Vehicle Testing.

Biogas in the United States: An Assessment of Market Potential in a Carbon-Constrained Future Murray, B.C.; Galik, C.S.; and Tibor, T. 2/24/2014 Reports

Duke University, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Durham, North Carolina

Using biogas as a fossil fuel substitute can mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Therefore, biogas is an attractive renewable energy source in a carbon-constrained future. Although pipeline-quality biogas can augment the natural gas market supply, its long-term potential has been little studied. This report aims to answer the question of whether, and under what conditions, a substantial, decentralized domestic biogas market could develop in the United States by 2040. It finds that (1) biogas could be expanded to supply perhaps 3-5% of the total natural gas market at projected prices of $5-6/MMBtu, (2) the largest potential biogas is thermal gasification of agriculture and forest residues and biomass, (3) using biogas for electricity generation may be more profitable than supplying it to the pipeline, and (4) because market signals have not spurred widespread adoption of biogas, policy incentives are necessary to increase its use.

Dynamic Programming Applied to Investigate Energy Management Strategies for a Plug-In HEV. O'Keefe, M.P.; Markel, T. 10/23/2006 Conference Papers & Proceedings

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

This paper explores two basic plug-in hybrid electric vehicle energy management strategies: an electric vehicle centric control strategy and an engine-motor blended control strategy.

Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory 3/1/2012 Brochures & Fact Sheets

National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Golden, Colorado

This fact sheet describes the Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is a state-of-the-art research and testing facility for advanced fuels and vehicles. Research and development aims to improve vehicle efficiency and overcome barriers to the increased use of renewable diesel and other nonpetroleum-based fuels, such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel derived from biomass. The ReFUEL Laboratory features a chassis dynamometer for vehicle performance and emissions research, two engine dynamometer test cells for advanced fuels research, and precise emissions analysis equipment. As a complement to these capabilities, detailed studies of fuel properties, with a focus on ignition quality, are performed at NREL's Fuel Chemistry Laboratory.