Deployment of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles

Through deployment and demonstration activities to commercialize electric drive vehicles, many stakeholders are improving technologies for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), all-electric vehicles (EVs), and electric charging infrastructure.

Electric Vehicle Community Readiness Projects

Guide to Lessons Learned

Guide to Lessons Learned

This guide synthesizes findings from the 16 electric vehicle community readiness projects.

The U.S. Department of Energy funded 16 electric vehicle projects in 24 states and the District of Columbia to help communities prepare for plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

Resources for Electrical Contractors and Inspectors

Thumbnail of Permit Template

Permit Template

Use this template to develop a standard permit for residential charging stations that allows for quick, safe installation of EVSE.

Deploying electric charging equipment requires cooperation from retailers, municipalities, installers, and consumers. Electrical contractors and inspectors can learn about safety, technical, and consumer issues before installing charging equipment by watching the EVSE Residential Charging Installation video on the Clean Cities YouTube channel. This training helps electric contractors and inspector prepare homes for safe and reliable plug-in electric vehicle charging.

ARRA-Funded Projects

The U.S. Department of Energy funded multiple electrification projects through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to accelerate the deployment of electric drive vehicles and charging equipment. These included Clean Cities electric drive projects and transportation electrification projects.

Additional Projects

Select from the projects below to learn about some of the electric drive vehicle projects funded by other stakeholders.

Mini-E Field Trial

BMW leased several hundred Mini E EVs to drivers in California and the northeastern United States for a one-year field trial.

Project Get Ready

The Rocky Mountain Institute's Project Get Ready will prepare cities for plug-in hybrid electric and all-electric vehicles and create a strategic plug-in readiness action plan.


Xcel Energy's showcase smart grid project, SmartGridCity, in Boulder, Colorado, will test some of the first Toyota Prius PHEVs in North America.