New Jersey Laws and Incentives
Listed below are the summaries of all current New Jersey laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:
Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption
ZEVs sold, rented, or leased in New Jersey are exempt from state sales and use tax. This exemption is not applicable to partial ZEVs, including hybrid electric vehicles. ZEVs are defined as vehicles that meet California Air Resources Board zero emissions standards for that model year. For a list of qualifying ZEVs certified as such, see the New Jersey Department of the Treasury ZEV Sales Tax Exemption website. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 54:32B-8.55)
Point of Contact
Bureau of Mobile Sources
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
Phone: (609) 292-7953
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption and Discount
New Jersey Turnpike Authority (Authority) allows qualified hybrid electric and plug-in electric vehicles to travel in the HOV lanes located between Interchange 11 and Interchange 14 on the New Jersey Turnpike. The Authority offers a 10% discount on off-peak New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway toll rates through NJ EZ-Pass for drivers of vehicles that have a fuel economy of 45 miles per gallon or higher and meet the California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle standard. For more information and discount requirements, see the Authority Toll Rates website. (Reference 49 New Jersey Register 3236(b) and New Jersey Administrative Code 19:9-1.24)
Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Toll Discount Program
Vehicles eligible for the New York Clean Pass Program, including PEVs and hybrid electric vehicles, receive a discounted toll rate on all Port Authority of New York and New Jersey off-peak hour crossings. Vehicles must register with E-ZPass New York. For more information, including a complete list of eligible vehicles and application instructions, see the Green Pass Discount Plan website.
Clean Truck Replacement Program
The Regional Truck Replacement Program (Program) through the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey provides funding for up to 50% of the cost to replace a heavily emitting truck, up to $25,000. Eligible recipients include independent owner operators and licensed motor carriers servicing the port with drayage trucks equipped with Model Year 1994 to 2006 engines. Funding is limited to two replacement trucks per eligible applicant. Additional rules and conditions apply. For more information, see the Program website.
Reduced Propane Fuel Tax
The tax imposed on liquefied petroleum gas, or propane, used to operate a motor vehicle is equal to half the tax paid on the sale or use of gasoline, or $0.0525 per gallon. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 54:39-103)
Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Grants
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and New Jersey Board of Public Utilities provide grants through the It Pay$ to Plug In: NJ's Electric Vehicle Workplace Charging Grant Program (the Program) to support plug-in electric vehicle and EVSE adoption. Reimbursement grants are offered on a first-come, first-served basis for the cost and installation of eligible EVSE at workplaces, government and educational facilities, non-profits, and parking facilities. Funding up to $250 is available for each Level 1 EVSE installed and up to $5,000 for each Level 2 EVSE installed. The Program is part of New Jersey's Energy Master Plan. Funding for this program is not currently available (verified November 2017). For more information, including application and eligibility requirements, visit the Drive Green NJ website.
Point of Contact
Bureau of Mobile Sources
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
Phone: (609) 292-7953
Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption
A NGV may exceed the state's gross vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable vehicle with a diesel tank and fueling system. The NGV maximum gross weight may not exceed 82,000 pounds. (Reference Senate Bill 3616, 2018)
Workplace Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG)
PSEG offers a rebate to business customers that purchase and install Level 2 EVSE for use by their employees. The rebate is the lesser of $4,000 or 80% of the invoice cost per Level 2 EVSE charging port installed, limited to 10 per business. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements and how to receive the rebate, see the PSEG Workplace Charging Rebate website.
Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) Discount - EZ-EV
EZ-EV, an Exelon program, offers discounts for the purchase or lease of select PEVs through participating dealers. For information on discount amounts, eligible makes and models, and availability, see the EZ-EV website.
Laws and Regulations
Volkswagen Settlement Allocation
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) must approve the allocation of any funds the State receives from the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. Any funds received from the Trust are deposited in a non-lapsing Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Fund. DEP and the Director of the Division of Budget and Accounting will ensure that the funds are distributed in alignment with the purpose of the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement. DEP will approve of any criteria for grants awarded on a competitive basis. (Reference Senate Bill 2019, 2018)
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Access to Tunnels
An AFV powered by propane or natural gas may only use Port Authority of New York and New Jersey tunnels and the lower level of the George Washington Bridge if the vehicle conforms to applicable federal regulations and industry standards, displays required markings to identify its alternative fuel system, and has a fuel capacity that does not exceed 150 pounds. For more information, see the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Trucker's Resources website.
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Access to Brigantine Connector Tunnel
An AFV powered by propane or natural gas may only use the Brigantine Connector Tunnel if the vehicle has a dedicated alternate fuel system installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle or a fuel system that has been properly converted to an alternate fuel system. (Reference New Jersey Administrative Code 19:2-4.3)
Fuel Inefficient Vehicle Fee
New passenger vehicles meeting one of the following criteria are subject to an additional fee payable to the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission:
- An U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) average fuel efficiency economy rating of less than 19 miles per gallon (mpg); or
- A sales or lease price of $45,000 or more, prior to any credit or offset resulting from any rebate or trade-in.
(Reference New Jersey Statutes 39:3-8.4)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards
New Jersey has adopted the California motor vehicle emissions standards and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements. Under the state's LEV program, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection allows manufacturers who sell or lease qualified LEVs to earn and bank vehicle equivalent credits. (Reference New Jersey Administrative Code 7:27-29.1 through 7:27-29.14)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support
New Jersey joined California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs.
In June 2018, the Task Force published a new ZEV Action Plan for 2018-2021. Building on the 2014 Action Plan, the 2018 Action Plan makes recommendations for states and other key partners in five priority areas:
- Raising consumer awareness and interest in electric vehicle technology;
- Building out a reliable and convenient residential, workplace and public charging/fueling infrastructure network;
- Continuing and improving access to consumer purchase and non-financial incentives;
- Expanding public and private sector fleet adoption; and
- Supporting dealership efforts to increase ZEV sales.
For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.
Aftermarket Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Requirements
Conventional original equipment manufacturer vehicles altered to operate on propane, natural gas, methane, ethanol, or electricity are classified as aftermarket AFV conversions. All vehicle conversions must meet current applicable U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or California Air Resources Board standards for aftermarket conversions. (Reference New Jersey Administrative Code 7:27-29)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Regulations
A motor vehicle franchisor that exclusively manufacturers ZEVs and was licensed by the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission prior to January 1, 2014, can buy from and sell vehicles to a consumer. The franchisor can own or operate up to four sales locations in the state and must have at least one retail facility for servicing ZEVs sold, offered for sale, or otherwise distributed in the state. The franchisor is not required to establish or operate a sales location at a ZEV service facility. Annually, all motor vehicle franchises must report the number of ZEVs sold in the state within the prior calendar year to the New Jersey Division of Taxation. (Reference New Jersey Statutes C.56:10-27.1 and C.54:32B-8.55a )
Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions
Biodiesel is defined as the monoalkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from plant or animals that meet the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established in Section 211 of the Clean Air Act, Title 42 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 7545, and the requirements of ASTM D6751. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 54:39-101)
Clean Truck Port Requirements
Only trucks equipped with engines that meet or exceed Model Year (MY) 2007 engine federal emissions standards are allowed to access the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey (PAYNJ) marine terminals. Beginning January 1, 2018, port drayage trucks with MY 1993 and older engines are not authorized to access the PAYNJ marine terminals. Drayage trucks operating on liquefied or compressed natural gas, electricity, or hybrid electric technology are exempt from these requirements. For purposes of this rule, drayage trucks are defined as on-road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 33,001 pounds or greater and intended to load, unload, or transport cargo from PANYNJ terminals. Additional rules apply. For more information, see the PANYNJ website.
Biofuel Use Requirements
To reduce fossil fuel dependence and statewide greenhouse gas emissions, New Jersey state departments, agencies, offices, universities, and colleges must purchase biofuels for use in motor vehicles if the cost of biofuel is the same or less than the cost of gasoline or diesel, and if the fuel replacement is reasonable. For the purpose of this regulation, a biofuel is a liquid or gaseous fuel produced from organic sources, including native noninvasive energy crops, agricultural residues, and non-recycled organic waste, such as waste cooking oil, grease, food wastes, sewage, and algae. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 52:34-6.6-6.8)
Low Emission or Alternative Fuel Bus Acquisition Requirement
All buses purchased by the New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJTC) must be: 1) equipped with improved pollution controls that reduce particulate emissions; or 2) powered by a fuel other than conventional diesel. Qualifying vehicles include compressed natural gas vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, vehicles operating on biodiesel or ultra-low sulfur fuel, or vehicles operating on any other bus fuel approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. If the NJTC is unable to meet the bus purchase requirement, the organization must submit a report to the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly detailing the reasons and the state legislature may grant an exemption. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 27:1B-22)
Idle Reduction Requirement
A gasoline-fueled motor vehicle is not allowed to operate for more than three consecutive minutes when the vehicle is not in motion, with the following exceptions: 1) a vehicle stopped in a line of traffic; 2) a vehicle being inspected by a state or federal motor vehicle inspector; 3) an emergency vehicle operating in an emergency situation; 4) a vehicle being repaired or serviced; 5) a vehicle whose primary or secondary power source is used for a mechanical operation other than propulsion; and 6) a vehicle parked in a non-residentially zoned area with a sleeper berth being used for sleeping or resting. A gasoline bus loading or unloading passengers may idle for 15 consecutive minutes in a 60-minute period.
A diesel-fueled motor vehicle is not allowed to operate for more than three consecutive minutes when the vehicle is not in motion. If the vehicle is not in a parking space equipped with idle reduction electrification technology, the following exceptions apply: 1) a vehicle stopped in a line of traffic; 2) a vehicle whose primary power source is used for a mechanical operation other than propulsion; 3) a vehicle being inspected by a state or federal motor vehicle inspector; 4) an emergency vehicle operating in an emergency situation; 5) a vehicle being repaired or serviced; 6) a vehicle with a sleeper berth that is equipped with a Model Year 2007 or newer engine and/or a functioning diesel particulate filter; and 7) a vehicle that uses a technology designed to reduce engine idling, such as auxiliary or alternate power units, generator sets, or bunk heaters. Additionally, diesel vehicles may idle for 15 consecutive minutes when the vehicle's engine has been stopped for at least three hours if the temperature is below 25 degrees Fahrenheit, and a diesel bus loading or unloading passengers may idle for 15 consecutive minutes in a 60-minute period. Violators will be issued fines.
(Reference New Jersey Administrative Code 7:27-14.3 and 7:27-15.8)
Low-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled vehicle that is capable of achieving speeds of up to 20 miles per hour (mph) but not more than 25 mph on a paved surface, is not powered by gas or diesel fuel, and complies with federal safety standards as noted in Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. A low-speed vehicle may operate on roadways with posted speed of up to 25 mph, or up to 35 mph in a municipality or county that has received a special ordinance or resolution. Additional registration and other requirements apply. (Reference New Jersey Statutes 39:4-31.1 through 39:4-31.2)
Emissions Reduction Requirements
Recognizing the impact of carbon-emitting fuels on climate change and to foster economic growth in the state by spurring technological innovation, New Jersey established greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets. These targets include stabilization of GHG emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020 and reduction of GHG emissions to 80% below 2006 levels by 2050. To reach this goal, the New Jersey Department of Treasury will develop specific targets and strategies for reducing GHG emissions by reducing the state motor fleet's fuel consumption. (Reference Executive Order 54, 2007)