Georgia Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas
The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives related to Natural Gas.
Commercial Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Credit
An income tax credit is available to taxpayers who purchase new commercial medium-duty or heavy-duty AFVs that operate using at least 90% alternative fuel. Eligible alternative fuels include electricity, propane, natural gas, or hydrogen fuel. Medium-duty hybrid electric vehicles also qualify. Eligible medium-duty AFVs with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) between 8,500 and 26,001 pounds (lbs.) may qualify for a credit of up to $12,000. Heavy-duty AFVs with a GVWR over 26,001 lbs. may qualify for a credit of up to $20,000. The maximum credit per taxpayer is $250,000 and no unused portion of the credit may be carried forward. Qualified AFVs must be purchased before June 30, 2017, remain registered in Georgia for at least five years, be certified by the Georgia Board of Natural Resources, and accumulate at least 75% of their annual mileage in Georgia. The Georgia Department of Revenue will pre-approve credit applications on a first come, first served basis. Up to $2.5 million in total credits will be available each fiscal year. (Reference Georgia Code 48-7-29.18 and 48-7-29.19)
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption
Alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) displaying the proper alternative fuel license plate may use HOV and HOT lanes, regardless of the number of passengers. Qualified AFVs may also use the HOT lanes toll-free. AFVs include plug-in electric vehicles and bi-fuel or dual-fuel vehicles that operate on natural gas or propane. Applicants must provide proof they have paid registration fees in full before receiving the license plate. This exemption expires September 30, 2019. For more information on fees and eligibility for the AFV license plate, see the Georgia Department of Revenue and the Georgia Department of Public Safety websites. (Reference Georgia Code 32-9-4, 40-2-86.1, and 40-6-54)
Laws and Regulations
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Infrastructure Incentives Study
The Georgia Joint Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Study Committee evaluated how providing market incentives for AFV fueling infrastructure may lead to AFV and infrastructure deployment. The Committee published a summary report of its main findings. For more information, see the Joint Study Committee website.
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit
Individuals or businesses dispensing CNG for use in vehicles must obtain a permit from the Georgia Safety Fire Commissioner and pay a one-time fee of $150. (Reference Georgia Code 25-2-4.1)
Alternative Fuel Excise Tax
Distributors who sell or use motor fuel, including special fuels, are subject to an excise tax of $0.26 per gallon. Motor fuels that are not commonly sold or measured by the gallon and are used in motor vehicles on public highways are taxed according to their gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). The Georgia Department of Revenue may adjust tax rates annually based on vehicle fuel economy and the Consumer Price Index through July 1, 2018. A GGE of compressed natural gas (CNG) must be at least 110,000 British thermal units and a GGE of liquefied natural gas (LNG) must be at least 6.06 pounds. CNG is defined as a mixture of hydrocarbon gases and vapors, consisting principally of methane in gaseous form that has been compressed for use as a motor fuel. LNG is defined as methane or natural gas in the form of a cryogenic or refrigerated liquid for use as a motor fuel. Propane and special fuels sold in bulk to a licensed consumer distributor are exempt from this tax. The Georgia Department of Revenue may assess, levy, and collect tax for any other motor fuels used on public highways using a GGE rate. (Reference Georgia Code 48-9-1 and 48-9-3)
More Laws and Incentives
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