Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs)—also called electric-drive vehicles collectively—use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles 

Icon of a fuel pump.

HEVs are powered by an internal combustion engine and by an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The battery is charged through regenerative braking and by the internal combustion engine and does not plug in to charge.

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles 

Icon of a plug in an electrical outlet and a fuel pump.

PHEVs are powered by an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The vehicle can be plugged in to an electric power source to charge the battery. Some can travel nearly 100 miles on electricity alone, and all can operate solely on gasoline (similar to a conventional hybrid).

All-Electric Vehicles 

Icon of a plug in an electrical outlet.

EVs use a battery to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle in to an electric power source.


Tax Credits and Incentives

Plug-in hybrids and all-electric vehicles qualify for a $2,500 to $7,500 federal tax credit.

Icon of a magnifying glass. Find tax credits and incentives in your state.

Electric Vehicle Community Readiness

The U.S. Department of Energy funded 16 electric vehicle projects in 24 states and the District of Columbia to help communities prepare for plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

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