Nevada Laws and Incentives

Listed below are the summaries of all current Nevada laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. You can go directly to summaries of:

State Incentives

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants

The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) administers Nevada's portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust through the Nevada Diesel Emission Fund. The fund assists publicly- and privately-owned fleets with the replacement or repower of model year (MY) 2009 or older medium- and heavy-duty diesel powered vehicles. Funding amounts vary based on vehicle type, applicant type (e.g., government or non-government), and the replacing or repowering fuel. Applications for the first round of funding are due by July 31, 2018. For more information, including application guidelines, see the NDEP Nevada Diesel Emission Mitigation Fund website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Infrastructure Grants

The Nevada Office of Energy will establish the Nevada Clean Energy Fund to fund qualified clean energy projects, including any program, technology, product, or service that supports the deployment of AFVs and related infrastructure. Technologies that involve the combustion of fossil fuels are not eligible for funding. (Reference Senate Bill 407, 2017)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Parking Fee Exemption

All local authorities with public metered parking areas within their jurisdiction must establish a program for AFVs to park in these areas without paying a fee. Each local authority is responsible for creating an application process and issuing a distinctive decal for AFVs. The fee for the decal may not exceed $10 per year. This requirement does not apply to parking areas associated with an airport. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484A.468)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Emissions Inspection Exemption

AFVs are exempt from Nevada's emissions testing requirements. A new HEV is exempt from emissions inspection testing for the first five model years, after which the vehicle must comply with emissions inspection testing requirements on an annual basis. For more information, see the Nevada Emissions Control Program website. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 445B.770 through 445B.825)

Utility/Private Incentives

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - NV Energy

Nevada Energy (NV Energy) offers discounted electricity rates to residential customers in their Northern and Southern Service Territories who charge PEVs during off-peak hours. The discounted rate applies to all electricity use on the premises during off-peak hours. To participate, customers must allow NV Energy access to their electric meters. For program information, see the Electric Vehicle Rate website.

Laws and Regulations

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Demonstration Program Requirements

The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Demonstration Program (Program) requires Nevada utilities to promote and incentivize the deployment of EVSE. Utilities must submit an annual plan for implementing the Program in their service areas to the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN). Plans may include, but are not limited to, any of the following measures:

  • Payment of incentives to customers that install EVSE;
  • Time-of-use rates for electricity used to charge plug-in electric vehicles;
  • EVSE education and awareness programs for customers; and
  • Technical assistance programs for government fleets and private organizations.
Utilities may request to recover the costs associated with carrying out the Program, including customer incentives, by filing an application with the PUCN. For more information, see the Nevada Electric Vehicle Programs and Resources website. (Reference Senate Bill 145, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 701B and 704.110)

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan

Nevada joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions.

Electric Vehicle Manufacturer Franchise Exemption

A vehicle manufacturer is not required to sell its vehicles through franchised dealers if the manufacturer:

  • Only produces passenger cars powered solely by one or more electric motors;
  • Only sells new or used passenger cars that it manufactures; and
  • Was selling such passenger cars in Nevada on or before January 1, 2016.
(Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482.36311 through 482.36425, 482.078, and 482.322)

Biodiesel Sales Requirements

It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel, biomass-based diesel, or biomass-based diesel blend unless it meets applicable registration requirements for fuels and additives. Biodiesel must meet Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and ASTM Standard D6751. Biomass-based diesel and biomass-based diesel blends must meet the requirements in Title 42 U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 7545. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 590.070)

Biodiesel Producer Requirements

Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives of Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 79, and conforms to ASTM Standard D6751. A biodiesel blend is a blend of biodiesel and petroleum-based product suitable for use in a motor vehicle. A special fuel manufacturer is a person who manufactures, blends, produces, refines, prepares, distills, or compounds only special fuel containing biodiesel or biodiesel blends in Nevada for personal use in the state or for sale or delivery in or outside of the state. Special fuel manufacturers must obtain a license from the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and report quantities of biodiesel fuel produced or blended in the state as well as contact information for biodiesel purchasers or recipients. Manufacturers must ensure that biodiesel blends produced do not exceed total volumes the DMV has established. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 366)

Funds for School District Alternative Fuel Use

A portion of any penalty assessed for violations of air pollution control laws must be deposited in the county school district fund where the violation occurred. The local air pollution control board must approve expenditures from the fund, which are limited to education programs on topics relating to air quality and projects to improve air quality, including purchasing and installing equipment to retrofit district school buses to operate on biodiesel, compressed natural gas, or a similar fuel that reduces emissions. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 445B.500)

Authorization for High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption

The Nevada Department of Transportation may establish, in consultation with the Federal Highway Administration and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, a program allowing federally certified low emission, energy-efficient, and alternative fuel vehicles to operate in HOV lanes regardless of the number of passengers. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 484A.463)

Alternative Fuel Tax

Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), have a reduced tax rate of $0.27 per gallon. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) and compressed natural gas (CNG) used to operate a motor vehicle is taxed at a rate of $0.064 and $0.21 per gallon, respectively. For taxation purposes, 126.67 cubic feet of CNG, 36.3 cubic feet (4.2 pounds (lbs.)) of propane, or 6.06 lbs. of LNG is considered equal to one gallon of special fuel. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 366.190, 366.197, and 373.066)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirement

Fleets containing 50 or more vehicles that are owned, leased, or operated by the state, a state agency, or a political subdivision of the state in a county with a population of 100,000 or more must acquire AFVs or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency certified Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs). Covered fleets are required to purchase either AFVs or certified ULEVs for 90% of new vehicles obtained. A fleet may meet the acquisition requirements by converting existing or newly acquired vehicles to operate on alternative fuels. An AFV acquired in compliance with this mandate must operate solely on the alternative fuel except when operating in an area where the appropriate alternative fuel is unavailable. Fleets with buses or heavy-duty vehicles are included. Parties that do not comply with the requirements may be subject to fines. (Reference Nevada Administrative Code 486A.010 through 486A.250, and Nevada Revised Statutes 486A.010 through 486A.180)

Idle Reduction Requirement

Diesel truck or bus engines may not idle for more than 15 consecutive minutes. Exemptions apply to diesel trucks or buses for which the Nevada State Environmental Commission has issued a variance from this requirement, or diesel trucks and buses that are emergency vehicles; are used for removal of snow or to repair or maintain other vehicles; are stopped due to traffic congestion; are undergoing repair or maintenance; produce emissions contained and treated according to State Environmental Commission methods; or must idle to perform a specific task. (Reference Nevada Administrative Code 445B.576)

Autonomous Technology Funding Authorization

A regional transportation commission that operates in a Nevada county with a population of 700,000 or more may provide grants to fund projects that promote innovative transportation and transit technology, including autonomous technology. Autonomous technology is defined as technology that is installed on a motor vehicle and has the capability to drive the vehicle without the active control or monitoring of a human operator. (Reference Senate Bill 149, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 277A and 482A.025)

Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation Requirements

An autonomous vehicle may not be tested or operated on a highway in Nevada unless it is capable of operating in compliance with all applicable motor vehicle and traffic laws, it has been granted an exemption by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), and it meets the following requirements:

  • It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
  • It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
  • It has a means to alert the driver to take manual control of the vehicle should the autonomous driving system fail; and
  • If operated without the direct control of the driver, it is capable of reaching a reasonably safe state as determined by the DMV, such as bringing the vehicle to a complete stop, in the event that the automated driving system fails.
Autonomous vehicles are motor vehicles equipped with technology that allows vehicle automation to perform one or more driving functions without the direct control of the driver.

(Reference Assembly Bill 69, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 482A.025 through 482A.080 and 482A.100)

Low-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways

A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled motor vehicle with an unladen weight of 3,000 pounds or less, that is capable of operating at a speed of at least 20 miles per hour (mph) but not greater than 25 mph, and that complies with Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. Low-speed vehicles may not operate on any roadway with a speed limit greater than 35 mph, except to cross a highway at an intersection. The fee to register a low-speed vehicle is $33. (Reference Nevada Revised Statutes 482.480 and 484B.637)