Recent State Actions

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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California

Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Fee – added 5/5/2017

Beginning July 1, 2020, zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) owners must pay an annual road improvement fee of $100 upon vehicle registration or registration renewal for ZEVs model year 2020 and later. The California Department of Motor Vehicles will increase the fee annually to account for inflation, equal to the increase in the California Consumer Price Index for the prior year. (Reference Senate Bill 1, 2017)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Credit - SDG&E – added 4/7/2017

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) offers an annual credit of $50 to customers who own or lease a PEV. The credit is available to qualified customers through 2020. For more information, including how to apply, see the SDG&E Electric Vehicle Climate Credit website.

Delaware

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Delmarva Power – added 5/18/2017

Delmarva Power customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Delmarva Power Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Florida

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - OUC – added 5/18/2017

OUC customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the OUC Electric Vehicles at Home page.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Georgia

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Infrastructure Incentives Study – updated 4/10/2017

The Georgia Joint Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Study Committee evaluated how providing market incentives for AFV fueling infrastructure may lead to AFV and infrastructure deployment. The Committee published a summary report of its main findings. For more information, see the Joint Study Committee website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Georgia Power – updated 4/10/2017

Georgia Power offers a rebate to residential customers and builders who install Level 2 (208/240 volt) EVSE. Residential customers are eligible for a $250 rebate and new home construction builders are eligible for a $100 rebate for each dedicated circuit installed from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017. Other conditions may apply. For more information, see the Georgia Power Electric Vehicles website.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Georgia Power – added 5/18/2017

Georgia Power customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Georgia Power Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Idaho

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Fee – updated 4/10/2017

In addition to standard registration fees, plug-in electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $140 and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $75. Neighborhood electric vehicles are exempt from the fee. (Reference House Bill 20, 2017, and Idaho Statutes 49-402 and 49-457)

Indiana

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - NIPSCO – updated 5/11/2017

NIPSCO customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the NIPSCO Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer and the IN-Charge EV Program website.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grants – added 4/10/2017

The Indiana Office of Energy Development and the Indiana Corn Marketing Council administer the Hoosier Homegrown Fuels Blender Pump Program (HHF Program). The HHF Program provides grants to increase public fueling infrastructure availability for higher blends of ethanol. Funds are available to eligible applicants for 70% to 79% of the purchase price of E15 to E85 blender pumps and related hardware. Qualifying dispensers must be available for public use and must dispense higher ethanol blends for a minimum period of five years. Applications are due by April 25, 2017. For more information, see the HHF Program website.

Kentucky

Volkswagen Settlement Allocation – added 4/13/2017

The Kentucky General Assembly must approve the allocation of any funds the Commonwealth receives from the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement. Kentucky will hold all funds received from the environmental mitigation trust pursuant to the Partial Consent Decree in a trust and agency account. (Reference House Bill 471, 2017)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Maryland

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate Program – updated 5/11/2017

Effective July 1, 2017, the Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) will offer an EVSE rebate program to an individual, business, or state or local government entity for the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE. Between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2020, rebates are up to the following amounts, for 40% of the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE:

Qualified EntityAmount
Individual$700
Business or State or Local Government$4,000
Retail Service Station Dealer$5,000

Applicants must demonstrate compliance with state, local, and/or federal law that applies to the installation or operation of qualified EVSE. Other requirements may apply. Total funding for each fiscal year will not exceed $1,200,000. For more information, see MEA's EVSE Rebate Program page.

(Reference House Bill 406, 2017, and Maryland Statutes, Business Regulation Code 10-101, and State Government Code 9-2009)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Tax Credit – updated 5/11/2017

Effective July 1, 2017, qualified PEV purchasers may apply for a tax credit against the imposed excise tax. The tax credit is limited to one vehicle per individual and 10 vehicles per business entity. Vehicles must be registered in Maryland, unless the vehicle manufacturer conforms to applicable state or federal laws or regulations governing clean fuel vehicles or PEVs during the year in which the vehicle was purchased, or the vehicle was originally registered in another state. A qualified vehicle must meet the following criteria:

  • Have a total purchase price not exceeding $60,000;
  • Be propelled to a significant extent by an electric motor that draws electricity from a battery with a capacity of at least five kilowatt-hours (kWh);
  • Have not been modified from original manufacturer specifications; and
  • Be purchased on or after July 1, 2017.

Vehicles purchased new and titled for the first time between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2020, are eligible for a credit up to $3,000, calculated as $100 per kWh of battery capacity.

The credit is returned to the taxpayer in the form of a check from the state. For more information, including the request form, see the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration's Excise Tax Credit for Plug-In Electric Vehicles website.

(Reference House Bill 406, 2017, and Maryland Statutes, Transportation Code 13-815)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - Pepco – added 5/11/2017

Pepco offers a time-of-use rate to all qualified Pepco residential customers in Maryland who own or lease a PEV. For more information, see Pepco's Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging website.

Aftermarket Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Conversion Requirements – updated 5/11/2017

Conventional original equipment manufacturer vehicles altered to operate on propane, natural gas, methane, ethanol, or electricity are classified as aftermarket AFV conversions. All vehicle conversions for vehicles certified only to California Air Resources Board (CARB) standards must meet current applicable CARB standards for aftermarket conversions. However, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) certified conversion kits may be used on EPA 50-state certified vehicles and vehicles with dual-certification that are 14,000 pounds or less. (Reference Code of Maryland Regulations 26.11.34)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Pepco – added 5/11/2017

Pepco customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Pepco Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - BGE – added 5/11/2017

BGE customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the BGE Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Delmarva Power – added 5/18/2017

Delmarva Power customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Delmarva Power Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

North Carolina

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

New Jersey

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Atlantic City Electric – added 5/24/2017

Atlantic City Electric customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Atlantic City Electric Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

New Mexico

New York

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate Program – updated 4/3/2017

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provides rebates of up to $2,000 for the purchase or lease of a new eligible plug-in electric vehicle. An eligible vehicle must:

  • Be a four-wheeled motor vehicle manufactured for use on public streets, roads, and highways,
  • Have a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 8,500 pounds,
  • Have a maximum speed of at least 55 mph, and
  • Be propelled at least in part by an electric motor and associated power electronics that draws electricity from a hydrogen fuel cell or from a battery that has a battery capacity of at least four kilowatt-hours, and is capable of being charged from an external source of electricity.

Rebate amounts vary based on a vehicle's all-electric range and manufacturer's suggested retail price. For more information, see NYSERDA's Drive Clean Rebate website.

Ohio

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Pennsylvania

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding – updated 5/18/2017

The Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG) Program provides financial assistance for qualified projects; information on alternative fuels, AFVs, and HEVs; and advanced vehicle technology research, development, and demonstration. Projects that result in product commercialization and the expansion of Pennsylvania companies are favored in the selection process.

The AFIG Program also offers rebates to assist eligible residents with the incremental cost of the purchase of new AFVs, including all-electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), natural gas vehicles (NGVs), and propane vehicles. The rebate amounts are $1,750 for qualified EVs and $1,000 for qualified PHEVs, NGVs, and propane vehicles. Rebates are available until 250 rebates are disbursed or June 30, 2017, whichever occurs first.

For more information, including forms and detailed requirements, see the AFIG Program and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebates websites. (Reference Title 73 Pennsylvania Statutes, Chapter 18E, Section 1647.3)

Rhode Island

Clean Diesel Grant – added 4/4/2017

The Rhode Island Clean Diesel Fund provides companies with reimbursement grants to reduce emissions from heavy-duty diesel vehicles. Qualified vehicle improvements include vehicle replacements, conversions to alternative vehicle fuels, and idle reduction technologies. To be eligible, vehicles must be registered with the Rhode Island Department of Motor Vehicles, and 50% of the vehicle miles travelled or hours of operation must be in Rhode Island for at least five years following receiving the grant. Applications will be accepted through May 9, 2017. For more information, including eligibility and application requirements, see the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management Clean Diesel Fund website. (Reference Rhode Island General Laws 31-47.3-5.1).

South Carolina

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Duke Energy – added 5/18/2017

Duke Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Duke Energy Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Tennessee

Alternative Fuel Tax – added 5/11/2017

Compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied gas used for operating motor vehicles on public highways is subject to excise tax imposed on a per gallon basis as follows:

Until June 30, 2017July 1, 2017-June 30, 2018July 1, 2018-June 30, 2019July 1, 2019 & Beyond
CNG$0.13$0.17$0.19$0.22
Liquefied Gas$0.14$0.17$0.19$0.22

For the purposes of this tax, the Tennessee Department of Revenue (Department) uses a CNG gallon equivalent factor of 5.66 pounds (lbs.) and a liquefied gas gallon equivalent factor of 6.06 lbs. Liquefied gas is all combustible gas that exists in the gaseous state at 60 degrees Fahrenheit and at a pressure of 14.7 lbs. per square inch, but does not include gasoline, diesel fuel, or CNG. Government agencies are exempt from this tax. (Reference House Bill 534, 2017, and Tennessee Code 67-3-1101 to 67-3-1103 and 67-3-1113)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Fee – added 5/11/2017

In addition to standard registration fees, PEV owners must pay an annual fee of $100. Low-speed and medium-speed vehicles are exempt from the fee. (Reference House Bill 534, 2017)

Utah

Qualified Heavy-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Credit – updated 4/10/2017

Qualified taxpayers are eligible for a tax credit for the purchase of a qualified heavy-duty AFV. Qualifying fuels include natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen. Each qualified heavy-duty AFV is eligible for the following tax credit amounts:

YearCredit Amount
2017$25,000
2018$20,000
2019$18,000
2020$15,000

At least 50% of the qualified vehicle's miles must be driven in the state. A single taxpayer may not claim credits for more than 10 AFVs annually or a total annual amount of $500,000. If more than 30% of the total available tax credits in a single year have not been claimed by May 1, a taxpayer may apply for credits on an additional eight AFVs. Up to 25% of the tax credits are reserved for taxpayers with small fleets of less than 40 vehicles. This credit expires December 31, 2020. Additional conditions and restrictions may apply.

(Reference Senate Bill 24, 2017 and Utah Code 59-7-618, 59-10-1033, and 59-13-201)

Natural Gas and Hydrogen Tax – updated 3/14/2017

Compressed natural gas (CNG) and hydrogen are taxed at a rate of $0.125 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is taxed at a rate of $0.125 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. One GGE is equal to 5.660 pounds (lbs.) of CNG or 2.198 lbs. of hydrogen. One DGE is equal to 6.06 lbs. of LNG. (Reference Utah Code 59-13-301)

Support for Clean Fuel School Buses – added 3/14/2017

The Utah Legislature supports dedicating the Volkswagen Clean Air Act Civil Settlement funds allocated to Utah to replace diesel school buses that are Model Year 2006 and older with clean fuel school buses. (Reference House Concurrent Resolution 5, 2017)

Hydrogen Fuel Production Incentives – added 4/10/2017

Businesses that convert natural gas to hydrogen fuel, or produce natural gas solely for use in the production of hydrogen fuel for zero emission motor vehicles, may be eligible for an oil and gas severance tax credit. Each eligible applicant may receive a tax credit equal to the amount of the severance tax owed, up to $5,000,000 per year. Entities that produce hydrogen fuel for use in zero emission motor vehicles or hydrogen fueled trucks may also qualify for grant funding or loans from the Community Impact Fund. (Reference House Bill 405, 2017 and Utah Code 35A-8-302 and 59-5-102)

Support for Consideration of Vehicle Environmental Impacts – added 3/14/2017

The Utah Legislature encourages the citizens of Utah to consider the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency vehicle smog rating and other environmental impacts when purchasing a vehicle. The Utah Legislature suggests that auto dealers make vehicle smog ratings known to customers and that customers purchase vehicles with a smog rating of eight or higher. (Reference House Concurrent Resolution 18, 2017)

Virginia

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Technician Certification – updated 3/14/2017

The Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) administers a program to certify NGV mechanics and technicians. For application and certification information, see the DPOR Natural Gas Automobile Mechanics Advisory Board website. (Reference Virginia Code 54.1-2355 through 54.1-2358 and Virginia Administrative Code 18-120-50)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Authorization for School Boards – added 3/14/2017

Beginning July 1, 2017, school boards may operate retail, fee-based PEV charging infrastructure on school property. Access during school hours must be restricted to employees, students, and authorized visitors only. PEV charging infrastructure must be accompanied by appropriate signage that details these restrictions. (Reference House Bill 2431, 2017 and Virginia Code 22.1-131, 56-1.2, 56-1.2:1, and 56-232.2:1)