Recent State Actions

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Alabama

Alternative Fuel Tax – updated 7/11/2017

The state road tax for vehicles that operate on propane (liquefied petroleum gas or LPG) is paid through the purchase of an annual flat fee sticker, and the amount is based on the vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating. Each person owning and/or operating a vehicle that operates on propane must obtain a decal annually from the Alabama LPG Board. The decal must be affixed to the vehicle according to LPG Board specification as proof that the issuance fee and decal fee have been paid. Vehicle owners must apply for a decal within 10 days of converting a vehicle to operate on propane or natural gas, or a 20% penalty will be applied to the decal fee. Out-of-state alternative fuel vehicle operators that purchase propane within the state must pay the current Alabama motor fuel tax or they may elect to purchase the annual flat fee decal. The propane dealer or supplier must remit these funds to the LPG Board before the 20th of the month following the date of sale. Decal and road tax requirements for natural gas fuels are suspended until October 1, 2018.

Effective October 1, 2018, the tax rate on compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) used as a vehicle fuel will be applied in the amounts below:

CNG:
  • $0.08 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until September 30, 2023;
  • $0.13 per GGE from October 1, 2023, until September 30, 2028; and
  • $0.18 per GGE from October 1, 2028 and beyond.

LNG:
  • $0.08 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) until September 30, 2023;
  • $0.13 per DGE from October 1, 2023, until September 30, 2028; and
  • $0.18 per DGE from October 1, 2028 and beyond.

A GGE will be equal to 5.66 pounds (lbs.) or 126.67 cubic feet of natural gas for CNG and a DGE will be equal to 6.06 lbs. for LNG.

(Reference House Bill 333, 2017, and Code of Alabama 40-17-160 through 40-17-165)

Arkansas

Alternative Fuel Vehicle and Infrastructure Rebate Program – updated 6/26/2017

The Office of Energy, a division of the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality, administers the Arkansas Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebate Program (Program), funded by the Alternative Motor Fuel Development Fund. The Program provides 50% of the incremental cost, up to $4,500, to purchase a qualified hydrogen fuel cell, natural gas, or propane vehicle, 50% of the conversion cost, up to $2,500, for converting a hydrogen fuel cell, natural gas, or propane vehicle, and 50% of the incremental cost, up to $2,500, to purchase a qualified plug-in electric vehicle. Rebates are available for natural gas and propane fueling stations in the amount of 75% of qualifying costs, up to $400,000, and up to 50% of qualifying costs for private and public electric vehicle supply equipment, up to $900 and $5,000 respectively. Compressed natural gas (CNG) must be delivered to a vehicle at 3,000 pounds (lbs.) per square inch and metered on a gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE); liquefied natural gas (LNG) must be metered on a diesel gallon equivalent (DGE). One GGE of CNG is equal to 5.66 lbs. and one DGE of LNG is equal to 6.22 lbs. The Office of Energy reviews and processes vehicle rebate applications on a first-come, first-served basis. The Program is currently closed and no funding is available (verified June 2017). (Reference House Bill 1735, 2017, and Arkansas Code 15-10-901 to 15-10-904 and 19-5-1249)

California

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - SCE – added 7/26/2017

Southern California Edison (SCE) provides rebates of $450 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or preowned PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household. For more information, see the SCE Clean Fuel Rewards Program website.

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Credit - PG&E – added 8/9/2017

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) administers the Clean Fuel Rebate program, which offers an annual bill credit for CNG account holders that purchase CNG as a transportation fuel from a PG&E station. Customers must have an active CNG transportation fueling account. This program is available through 2020, or until funds are exhausted. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the Clean Fuel Rebate website.

Florida

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates – updated 7/11/2017

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services offers a rebate for up to 50% of the incremental cost to purchase or lease a new original equipment manufacturer NGV or propane vehicle, or convert a vehicle to run on natural gas or propane, up to $25,000 per vehicle and $250,000 per applicant per fiscal year. To qualify, the dedicated or bi-fuel vehicle must be part of a public or private fleet and must be placed into service on or after July 1, 2013. Of the funds available for these rebates, 40% is reserved for government applicants; the remaining funds are allocated to commercial applicants. Funding is not available for the 2017-2018 fiscal year (confirmed June 2017). For more information, see the Natural Gas Fuel Fleet Vehicle Rebate website. (Reference Florida Statutes 206.997 and Florida Administrative Code 5O-4.001)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - OUC – added 7/11/2017

Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) provides rebates of $200 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible new or preowned PEV. Applicants must apply within six months of the purchase or lease of the PEV. For more information, see the OUC Electric Vehicles at Home page.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - OUC – added 7/11/2017

Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) offers rebates of $200 per EVSE to commercial and multi-family building customers for the purchase of EVSE. For more information, see the OUC Charging Stations page.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Gulf Power – added 7/11/2017

Gulf Power offers rebates of $750 to residential customers for the purchase of EVSE. Applicants must supply proof of purchase or lease of new or preowned plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). Customers must apply for the rebate within six months of the purchase or lease of an eligible PEV. Rebates are available to the first 1,000 participants or December 31, 2018, whichever comes first. For more information, see the Gulf Power Electric Vehicles page.

Hawaii

Renewable Fuels Production Incentive – updated 7/12/2017

Renewable fuels produced from renewable feedstocks, such as ethanol, hydrogen, biodiesel, and biofuel, may qualify for an income tax credit equal to $0.20 per 76,000 British thermal units (BTUs) of renewable fuels sold for distribution in Hawaii. The facility must produce at least 15 billion BTUs of its nameplate capacity annually to receive the tax credit and may claim the tax credit for up to five years, not to exceed $3,000,000 per calendar year. Qualifying renewable fuel production facilities must provide written notification of their intent to produce renewable fuels before becoming eligible for the tax credit.

Producers must file a statement with the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism within thirty days following the close of the calendar year. The statement must provide information on fuels produced and sold during the previous calendar year, the feedstock used for each qualified fuel, the proposed income tax credit amount for each calendar year, the cumulative tax credit amount received during the current calendar year, the number of full- and part-time employees, and the number and location of all renewable fuel production facilities within and outside of the state.

Additional restrictions apply. (Reference House Bill 1044, 2017, and Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-110.31)

Iowa

E85 Fuel Exclusivity Contract Regulations – updated 6/11/2017

Any motor fuel franchisor must provide for the delivery of E85 as requested by the motor fuel dealer or allow the franchisee to purchase E85 from another source. (Reference Iowa Code 323A)

Biofuel Infrastructure Grants – updated 8/13/2017

The Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Program provides financial assistance to qualified E85 or dual E15 and biodiesel retailers. Cost-share grants are available to upgrade or install new E85 or dual E15 and biodiesel infrastructure. Three-year cost-share grants are available for up to 50% of the total cost of the total project, up to $30,000, and five-year cost-share grants are available for up to 70% of the total cost of the project, up to $50,000.

Biodiesel distributors may apply for cost-share grants for infrastructure upgrades and installations at biodiesel terminal facilities. Facilities blending or dispensing blends ranging from 2% biodiesel (B2) to 98% biodiesel (B98) are eligible for up to 50% of the total project, up to $50,000. Facilities blending or dispensing B99 or B100 are eligible for up to 50% of the total project, up to $100,000.

The Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Board receives administrative support from staff within the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship and the 11-member board has authority to determine the eligibility of applicants. For more information, refer to the Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Program website.

(Reference House File 643, 2017, and Iowa Code 159A.13-159A.15)

Idle Reduction and Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption – added 6/21/2017

Any motor vehicle equipped with an auxiliary power unit (APU) or other idle reduction technology may exceed the gross, single axle, tandem axle, or bridge formula weight limits by up to 550 pounds (lbs.) to compensate for the weight of the technology. To be eligible for the weight exemption, the vehicle operator must be able to provide written proof or certification of the weight of the APU or idle reduction technology, and demonstrate or certify that the technology is fully functional at all times.

Furthermore, NGVs may exceed the weight limits by an amount equal to the difference of the weight of the natural gas tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling system. The NGV must not exceed a maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 lbs. (Reference House File 463, 2017, and Iowa Code 321.463)

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – updated 6/11/2017

Alliant Energy offers a $500 rebate to residential customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE. The EVSE must be purchased and installed between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2017. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy Electric Vehicle Level 2 Charger website.

Illinois

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - ComEd – updated 8/11/2017

Commonwealth Edison Company (ComEd) customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through September 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the ComEd Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Biofuels Tax Exemption – updated 7/27/2017

Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of fuel blends containing between 1% and 10% biodiesel and the sale of fuels containing 10% ethanol (E10) made between July 1, 2003, and July 1, 2017. If at any time these taxes are imposed at a rate of 1.25%, the tax on biodiesel blends and E10 will apply to 100% of the proceeds of sales. These taxes do not apply to the proceeds from the sale of biodiesel blends containing more than 10% biodiesel up to 99% biodiesel or fuels containing between 70% and 90% ethanol (E70-E90) sold between July 1, 2003, and December 31, 2023. Taxes will apply to 100% of the proceeds from biodiesel and ethanol fuel blend sales made after December 31, 2023. (Reference Senate Bill 9, 2017, and 35 Illinois Compiled Statutes 120/2-10, 105/3-10, and 105/3-44)

Indiana

Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants – updated 6/12/2017

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) administers the DieselWise Indiana grant programs to support projects that reduce diesel emissions. The Clean Diesel Across Indiana program provides grants ranging from $10,000 to $75,000 for projects throughout the state. Eligible applicants include private and public entities that operate equipment serving the public, including private bus fleets and sanitation fleets. Eligible projects include replacing or converting a diesel vehicle or vehicle component with one that operates on alternative fuel, as well as installing exhaust retrofit technologies, idle reduction technologies, aerodynamic technologies, and low rolling resistance tires. For more information see the IDEM DieselWise website.

Residential Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - NIPSCO – updated 6/12/2017

NIPSCO's IN-Charge At Home Electric Vehicle Program (Program) offers a reduced rate for plug-in electric vehicle charging during off-peak hours for those enrolled in the Program. The Program is in effect until December 31, 2018. For more information, see the NIPSCO IN-Charge Electric Vehicle Program website.

Special Fuel Tax Exemption – added 6/12/2017

The sale of biodiesel, blended biodiesel, compressed natural gas, and liquefied natural gas used to power an internal combustion engine or motor is exempt from state gross retail tax. (Reference House Bill 1002, 2017, and Indiana Code 6-2.5-5-51 and 6-6-2.5-22)

Special Fuel License Tax – updated 6/12/2017

Certain special fuels sold or used to propel motor vehicles are subject to a license tax. Liquefied natural gas is subject to a tax of $0.16 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE). Compressed natural gas, butane, and propane are subject to a tax of $0.16 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). Beginning July 1, 2017, the tax rate will be determined based on the lesser of the tax rate determined by the special fuel tax index factor of $0.26 per DGE or GGE. From July 1, 2018, through July 1, 2024, the tax rate will be determined each year based on the special fuel tax index factor. The tax does not apply to nominal biodiesel blends of at least 20% (B20); special fuel used only for a personal, noncommercial use and not for resale; and biodiesel used by a biodiesel producer holding an exemption certificate. Other exemptions apply. For more information, see the Indiana Miscellaneous Tax Rates website. (Reference House Bill 1002, 2017, and Indiana Code 6-6-2.5 and 6-6-1.6)

Special Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax – updated 6/12/2017

A person who operates a commercial motor vehicle on any highway in Indiana is subject to a surcharge tax on the consumption of motor fuel. The tax rate is $0.11 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) for liquefied natural gas or biodiesel and $0.11 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) for compressed natural gas. Beginning July 1, 2017, the tax rate will be determined based on the lesser of the tax rate determined by the special fuel tax index factor or $0.21 per DGE or GGE. From July 1, 2018, through July 1, 2024, the tax rate will be determined each year based on the special fuel tax index factor. For more information, see the Indiana Miscellaneous Tax Rates website. (Reference House Bill 1002, 2017, and Indiana Code 6-6-4.1 and 6-6-1.6)

Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Inventory Tax – added 6/12/2017

Owners of fuel that have title to a fuel storage tank containing propane, biodiesel, blended biodiesel, compressed natural gas, or liquefied natural gas for sale to a motor carrier for highway use in Indiana are subject to an inventory tax. The tax rate is based on the number of gallons of fuel in storage at the close of business on the inventory date, minus the amount of fuel that is below the mouth of the draw pipe. To account for the fuel that will not be pumped, a fuel owner may deduct 200 gallons from the fuel inventory for a fuel storage tank with a capacity of less than 10,000 gallons, and 400 gallons for a fuel storage tank with a capacity of over 10,000 gallons. (Reference House Bill 1002, 2017, and Indiana Code 6-6-4.1 and 6-6-2.5)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption – updated 6/12/2017

Biodiesel blends of at least 20% (B20) that are used for personal, noncommercial use by the individual that produced the biodiesel portion of the fuel are exempt from the special fuel license tax. The maximum number of gallons of fuel for which the exemption may be claimed is based on the percentage volume of biodiesel in each gallon used. For more information, see the Indiana Department of Revenue Fuel Tax Forms website. (Reference House Bill 1002, 2017, and Indiana Code 6-6-2.5-1.5, 6-6-2.5-28, and 6-6-2.5-30.5)

Maryland

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Voucher Program – updated 7/14/2017

The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) administers the Maryland Freedom Fleet Voucher (FFV) Program, which provides vouchers for the purchase of new and converted AFVs registered in Maryland. Eligible vehicles include purchased or leased light-, medium-, and heavy-duty dedicated natural gas, propane, hybrid electric, plug-in electric, and hydraulic hybrid vehicles. Vehicles must be used by commercial, non-profit, or public entities. Voucher amounts are based on gross vehicle weight rating and are capped at 50% of the vehicle's incremental cost; the cap does not apply to plug-in electric vehicles. Funds are not guaranteed until voucher agreements are fully executed. Funds are available on a first-come, first-served basis through May 4, 2018. For more information, including application requirements, see the Maryland FFV Program website.

Minnesota

Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Access to Roadways – updated 8/10/2017

An NEV is an electric vehicle that has three or four wheels and is capable of achieving speeds between 20 miles per hours (mph) and 25 mph on a paved level surface. An NEV must be titled according to state law and may be operated on public streets and highways if it meets all equipment and vehicle safety requirements in Title 49 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500, and successor requirements. An NEV may not operate on a roadway with a speed limit greater than 35 mph, except to cross that roadway. A road authority may prohibit or further restrict the operation of NEVs on any street or highway under the road authority's jurisdiction. (Reference House File 3, 2017, and Minnesota Statutes 169.011 and 169.224)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Minnesota Utilities – added 8/10/2017

Great River Energy, Minnesota Power, Otter Tail Power Company, and Xcel Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through September 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Drive Electric Minnesota Deals website.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Fee – added 7/20/2017

Effective January 1, 2018, EVs are subject to an additional registration fee of $75. (Reference House File 3, 2017, and Minnesota Statutes 168.013).

Biofuel Production Grant Program – added 8/10/2017

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture provides grants to biofuel producers for up to $2.1053 per million British Thermal Unit (MMbtu) for advanced biofuel produced from cellulosic biomass and $1.053 per MMbtu for advanced biofuel produced from sugar- or starch-based crops. Eligible facilities must obtain 80% of their feedstocks from Minnesota; begin production by June 30, 2025; and not produce more than 23,750 MMbtu of biofuel quarterly before July 1, 2015. Additional requirements apply. Payments will not be made for production that occurs after June 30, 2035. For more information, see the Advanced Biofuels Production Incentive Program website. (Reference Minnesota Statutes 41A.16 and 239.051)

Missouri

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Decal – updated 7/11/2017

The state motor fuel tax does not apply to passenger vehicles, certain buses, or commercial vehicles that are powered by an alternative fuel, if the vehicles obtain an AFV decal. Owners or operators of such vehicles that also own or operate a personal fueling station must pay an annual alternative fuel decal fee, as listed below. Alternative fuel motor vehicles licensed as historic vehicles are exempt from the alternative fuel decal requirement.

Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)Type of VehicleDecal Fee
18,000 pounds (lbs.) or lessPassenger, School Bus, or Commercial$75
18,001 lbs.-36,000 lbs.Farm or Farming Transportation with an 'F' License Plate$100
18,001 lbs.-36,000 lbs.Passenger-Carrying and Other Motor Vehicles$150
36,000 lbs. or moreFarm or Farming Transportation with an 'F' License Plate$250
36,000 lbs. or moreAll Other Motor Vehicles$1,000

Model year 2018 and later plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have a decal fee of one-half of the annual decal fees listed above for their corresponding vehicle type and GVW.

Owners and operators of passenger motor vehicles, buses, or commercial motor vehicles that are powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), or liquefied petroleum gas (propane), may continue to apply for and use the alternative fuel decal in lieu of paying the CNG, LNG, and/or propane tax, as long as the owner/operator has installed a fueling station used solely to fuel his or her vehicle(s). If an owner or operator of a motor vehicle powered by propane that bears an alternative fuel decal refuels at an unattended propane fueling station, such owner or operator shall not be eligible for a refund of the motor fuel tax paid at the time of refueling. For more information, see the Missouri Department of Revenue Special Fuel Decals page.

(Reference Senate Bill 8, 2017, and Missouri Revised Statutes 142.803 and 142.869)

Alternative Fuel Tax – updated 7/11/2017

Compressed natural gas (CNG) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) basis as follows:

  • $0.05 per GGE until December 31, 2019;
  • $0.11 per GGE from January 1, 2020, until December 31, 2024; and
  • $0.17 per GGE from January 1, 2025, and beyond.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) basis as follows:
  • $0.05 per DGE until December 31, 2019;
  • $0.11 per DGE from January 1, 2020, until December 31, 2024; and
  • $0.17 per DGE from January 1, 2025, and beyond.

Liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a gasoline gallon basis as follows:
  • $0.05 per gallon until December 31, 2019;
  • $0.11 per gallon from January 1, 2020, until December 31, 2024; and
  • $0.17 per gallon from January 1, 2025, and beyond.

In the absence of a National Institute of Standards and Technology definition of GGE, a GGE will be equal to 5.66 pounds (lbs) of natural gas for CNG and a DGE will be equal to 6.06 lbs. for LNG. If natural gas is used for fueling vehicles as well as for another use, such as home heating, the tax applies to the entire amount of natural gas consumed, unless the Missouri Department of Revenue approves a separate meter and accounting system.

(Reference Senate Bill 8, 2017, and Missouri Revised Statutes 142.803 and 142.869)

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) Equipment Exemption – added 7/11/2017

An individual that operates a propane fueling station equipped with a quick-connect nozzle may sell propane without verifying that vehicles re-fueling at the station have a valid Missouri alternative fuel decal, as long as the appropriate motor fuel tax is collected at the time of fueling. (Reference Senate Bill 8, 2017, and Missouri Revised Statutes142.869)

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption – updated 7/11/2017

A vehicle primarily powered by natural gas may exceed the state's gross vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable vehicle with a diesel tank and fueling system. The NGV maximum gross weight may not exceed 82,000 pounds. (Reference Senate Bill 8, 2017, and Missouri Revised Statutes 304.180)

North Dakota

Autonomous Vehicle Study – added 6/12/2017

The North Dakota Department of Transportation (DOT) will work with the autonomous vehicle technology industry to study the use of vehicles equipped with automated driving systems on state highways and the data the vehicles store or gather. The study will include a review of current laws dealing with licensing, registration, insurance, data ownership, and inspection and how they should apply to autonomous vehicles. The DOT will report its findings to the legislature in 2019. (Reference House Bill 1202, 2017)

Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grants – updated 6/12/2017

The North Dakota Department of Commerce administers the Biofuels Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) grant program. The BIP program works with retailers and state and local government fleets to install infrastructure for higher blends of ethanol. Funds are available to eligible applicants in the following amounts:

InfrastructureGrant Amount
E15 Pumps50% of the costs of installation, up to $15,000
E85 Pumps43% of the costs of installation, up $15,000
Blender Pumps33% of the costs of installation, up to $14,985
Tanks25% of the costs of installation, up to $25,000

Applications are due by October 31, 2017. For more information, including program guidelines and an application, see the BIP Program website.

Nebraska

Biofuels Innovation Grants – added 8/9/2017

The Nebraska Department of Economic Development's Bioscience Innovation Program provides funding assistance to qualified bioscience businesses for innovative biofuels projects. This program is available through December 1, 2021. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application deadlines, see the Qualified Action Plan. (Reference Legislative Bill 641, 2017; and Nebraska Revised Statutes 81-12,155.01 and 81-12,153)

Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit – updated 8/9/2017

A qualified investor may receive a tax credit for 40% of an investment of up to $350,000 in a small business that is improving, researching, developing, or producing a proprietary product, process, or service related to cellulosic ethanol. A qualified investor is an individual, trust, or pass-through entity that meets certain requirements set by the Nebraska Department of Economic Development. An eligible small business must employ up to 25 individuals, be headquartered in Nebraska, and employ over half of its employees in the state or have over half of its total payroll paid or incurred in the state. Up to $4 million in tax credits is available annually until 2022, and a single qualified small business may claim up to $1 million in tax credits. (Reference Legislative Bill 217, 2017, and Nebraska Revised Statutes 77-2715.07, 77-6301, and 77-6306)

New Jersey

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Atlantic City Electric – added 5/24/2017

Atlantic City Electric customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through September 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Atlantic City Electric Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Oklahoma

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Fee – added 7/20/2017

Beginning January 1, 2018, all-electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $100 and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $30. These fees are in addition to standard registration fees. (Reference House Bill 1449, 2017, and Oklahoma Statutes 47-1133.3)

South Carolina

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Revolving Loan Program for Private Entities – updated 8/9/2017

The South Carolina Business Development Corporation provides low interest loans for a variety of energy efficiency improvements, including AFV conversions and incremental costs, with qualified project payback periods. Eligible recipients include business and industries; utilities, non-profit organizations, and government entities may be eligible under special conditions. The loan may cover up to 100% of the project costs ranging from $50,000 to $1 million and must be repaid after one and one half times the projected payback period of the loan. For more information, including application deadlines, see the Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan website. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws 48-52-650)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Fee – updated 8/9/2017

Beginning January 1, 2018, owners of plug-in electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles must pay a biennial fee of $120, in addition to standard registration fees. Hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay a biennial fee of $60. (Reference House Bill 3516, 2017, and South Carolina Code of Laws 56-3-645 and 12-28-110(39))

Texas

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grant – updated 8/10/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the NGV Grant Program (Program) as part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). The Program provides grants to replace existing medium- and heavy-duty vehicles with new, converted, or repowered NGV that can operate on at least 60% natural gas or propane. Qualifying vehicles must be on-road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 8,500 pounds and must be certified to current federal emissions standards. Grant funds must be used in the Clean Transportation Zone and may cover only the incremental costs. Applicants must apply through a participating dealer under contract with TCEQ. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application periods, see the TCEQ TERP website. (Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017, and Texas Statutes, Health and Safety Code 394)

Authorization of Governmental Alternative Fuel Fleet Grant Program – added 7/11/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) will establish and administer a grant program for governmental alternative fuel fleets to provide grants for the purchase or lease of a new vehicle and the purchase, lease, or installation of alternative fueling equipment. Eligible alternative fuels include natural gas, propane, hydrogen, and electricity. State agencies and political subdivisions are eligible to apply for a grant under the program if the entity operates a fleet of more than 15 vehicles. Mass transit and school transportation providers will also be eligible for grants.

TCEQ will establish standardized vehicle grant amounts based on the incremental costs associated with the purchase or lease of different categories of motor vehicle, including the fuel type, vehicle class, and other categories TCEQ considers appropriate. TCEQ will also establish standardized fueling equipment grant amounts.

(Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017)

Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebates – added 8/10/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the Light-Duty Motor Vehicle Purchase or Lease Incentive Program for the purchase or lease of new light-duty vehicle powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane, hydrogen, or electricity. CNG and propane vehicles are eligible for a rebate of $5,000 for the first 1,000 applicants. Electric drive vehicles powered by a battery or hydrogen fuel cell are eligible for a rebate of $2,500, for the first 2,000 applicants. One rebate will be available per eligible vehicle.

For more information, including eligibility requirements and application periods, see the TCEQ Texas Emissions Reduction Plan website.

(Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017, Texas Statutes, Health and Safety Code 386, and Texas Administrative Code 114.610-114.613)

Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Grants – updated 8/10/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the Alternative Fueling Facilities Program (AFFP) as part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). AFFP provides grants for 50% of eligible costs, up to $600,000, to construct, reconstruct, or acquire a facility to store, compress, or dispense alternative fuels in the Clean Transportation Zone. Qualified alternative fuels include biodiesel, electricity, natural gas, hydrogen, propane, and fuel mixtures containing at least 85% methanol (M85). TCEQ will give priority to public stations. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the TCEQ Texas Statutes, Health and Safety Code 386 and 393, and Texas Administrative Code 114.660-114.662)

Clean School Bus Program – updated 8/10/2017

Any school district or charter school may receive a grant through the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) to pay for the incremental costs to replace school buses or install diesel oxidation catalysts, diesel particulate filters, emission-reducing add-on equipment, and other emissions reduction technologies in qualified school buses. Furthermore, funds may also be used to purchase qualifying fuels, including any liquid or gaseous fuel or additive registered or verified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (other than standard gasoline or diesel) that provides particulate matter emission reductions. Additional rules and conditions apply. For more information, see the TCEQ Texas Emissions Reduction Plan website. (Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017, Texas Statutes, Health and Safety Code 390, and Texas Administrative Code 114.640-114.648)

Clean Fleet Grants – updated 8/10/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the Texas Clean Fleet Program (TCFP) as part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). TCFP encourages owners of fleets containing diesel vehicles to permanently remove the vehicles from the road and replace them with alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Grants are available to fleets to offset the incremental cost of such replacement projects. An entity that operates a fleet of at least 75 vehicles and commits to placing 10 or more qualifying vehicles in service for use in the Clean Transportation Zone may be eligible. Qualifying AFV or HEV replacements must reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides or other pollutants by at least 25% as compared to baseline levels and must replace vehicles that meet operational and fuel usage requirements. Neighborhood electric vehicles do not qualify. For more information, including current application periods, see the TCEQ TERP website. (Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017, Texas Statutes, Health and Safety Code 386 and 392, and Texas Administrative Code 114.650-114.658)

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption – added 8/10/2017

NGVs may exceed the maximum gross vehicle weight limit and the axle weight limit by an amount equal to the difference of the weight of the natural gas tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling system. The NGV must not exceed a maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 pounds. (Reference Senate Bill 1102, 2017, and Texas Statutes, Transportation Code 621.101)

Support for Automated Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation – added 8/10/2017

Effective September 1, 2017, Texas state agencies must support the testing and operation of AVs. AV usage is authorized if the driving system complies with state and federal laws and is equipped with a recording device. AVs are motor vehicles equipped with technology that allows vehicle automation to perform one or more driving functions without the direct control of the driver. In the event of an accident, the vehicle operator must notify local authorities or the Texas Department of Public Safety. (Reference Senate Bill 2205, 2017)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - Austin Energy – added 8/10/2017

Austin Energy offers a pilot time-of-use charging rate to residential customers with PEVs and electric vehicle supply equipment. For more information, see the Austin Energy Plug-In Rebate website.

Authorization of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebates – added 7/11/2017

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) will develop a state rebate incentive for the purchase or lease of new light-duty vehicles powered by natural gas, propane, hydrogen, or electricity. Natural gas and propane vehicles are eligible for a rebate of $5,000 if their dedicated or bi-fuel system that was installed prior to final sale or installed within the first 500 miles of operation. The rebate will be available for the first 1,000 applicants for each state fiscal biennium.

Electric drive vehicles powered by a battery or hydrogen fuel cell will be eligible for a rebate of $2,500. The rebate will be available for the first 2,000 applications for each state fiscal biennium.

One rebate will be available per eligible vehicle. Manufacturers of vehicles or fueling systems must provide TCEQ with a list of new eligible vehicles that the manufacturer intends to sell in the state that meet rebate requirements. TCEQ will publish an updated list of vehicle models eligible for the incentives by August 1, annually.

(Reference Senate Bill 1731, 2017)

Vermont

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Credit - Vermont Electric Co-op (VEC) – added 6/30/2017

VEC offers a $250 bill credit to members who purchase a new or used PEV. Members who lease a PEV are eligible for an annual bill credit of $50 for each year of the lease. Credits are available through December 31, 2017. For more information, including how to apply, see the VEC Energy Transformation Program website.

Support for Autonomous Vehicles – updated 6/30/2017

The Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) must assemble a meeting of public and private stakeholders on or before December 15, 2017, to discuss raising awareness regarding the opportunities and challenges of autonomous vehicles. Topics of discussion may include:

  • Autonomous vehicle registration and inspection;
  • Autonomous vehicle education, training, and operator licensing;
  • Insurance and liability;
  • Enforcement of autonomous vehicle laws;
  • Autonomous vehicle testing;
  • Emergency response;
  • Autonomous vehicle infrastructure needs; and the
  • Social, economic, and environmental impacts of autonomous vehicles
VTrans is required to report the conclusions of this meeting to the Vermont House and Senate Committees on Transportation by January 15, 2018. (Reference House Bill 494, 2017)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Burlington Electric Department (BED) – added 6/9/2017

BED customers are eligible for a $1,200 rebate on the purchase or lease of a new qualifying EV on or after May 30, 2017. Vehicles must have a manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) of less than $50,000 and be registered in Burlington, VT. Rebates are available through December 31, 2017. For more information, including how to apply, see the BED EV Rebate website.

Washington

Alternative Fuel Commercial Vehicle Tax Credit – updated 6/12/2017

Businesses are eligible to receive tax credits for purchasing new alternative fuel commercial vehicles. Qualified commercial vehicles must be powered primarily by natural gas, propane, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, or electricity. Tax credit amounts vary based on gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and are up to 50% of the incremental cost, with maximum credit values as follows:

GVWRJanuary 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017January 1, 2018 to January 1, 2021
Up to 14,000 pounds (lbs.)$5,000$25,000
14,001 to 26,500 lbs.$10,000$50,000
Over 26,500 lbs.$20,000$100,000

This exemption also applies to qualified used vehicles modified with a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-certified aftermarket conversion, as long as the vehicle is being sold for the first time after modification. Modified vehicles are eligible for credits equal to 30% of the commercial vehicle conversion cost, up to $25,000. The converted vehicle must be less than two years old and have an odometer reading of fewer than 30,000 miles. Beginning January 1, 2018, eligible converted vehicles must be less than ten years old and have an odometer reading of fewer than 450,000 miles.

Each entity may claim up to $250,000 or credits for 25 vehicles per year. Credits may be earned between January 1, 2016, and January 1, 2021. All credits earned must be used in that calendar year or the subsequent year. Tax credits are available on a first-in-time basis and are subject to annual limits of $2 million per weight class.

(Reference House Bill 1809, 2017, and Revised Code of Washington 82.16.0497)

Support for Autonomous Vehicles – added 7/11/2017

The Washington Office of the Governor will establish a work group to assess the state government's role in cultivating the safe development of automated vehicles. The work group will include representatives from the Washington Departments of Transportation, Commerce, and Labor, as well as the Washington State Patrol, Traffic Safety Commission, and the Governor's Office. The group will collaborate with industry representatives, stakeholders, and government representatives, to request updates on autonomous vehicle pilot programs and inform proposed changes to policies, rules, and statutes within the state. (Reference Executive Order 17-02, 2017)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Infrastructure Funding Pilot Program – added 6/12/2017

The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) has developed a pilot funding program to strengthen and expand the West Coast Electric Highway network by deploying direct current (DC) fast charging infrastructure along highway corridors in Washington. The WSDOT will implement the first phase of the pilot program July 1, 2017 through June 30, 2019. The program is not currently accepting applications (verified May 2017). For more information, see the WSDOT's Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure website. (Reference Revised Code of Washington 47.04.350)

Wisconsin

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Wisconsin Utilities – added 8/13/2017

Alliant Energy, Madison Gas and Electric, Minnesota Power, We Energies, Wisconsin Public Service and Xcel Energy customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through September 30, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Wisconsin Clean Cities Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

West Virginia

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Fee – added 7/11/2017

In addition to standard registration fees, owners of vehicles fueled with natural gas, hydrogen, or electricity must pay an annual fee of $200. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $100. (Reference Senate Bill 1006, 2017)