Recent State Actions

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Arkansas

Public Utility Definition – added 3/21/2018

A person or corporation that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge battery electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles is not defined as a public utility. (Reference Arkansas Code 23-1-101(9))

Arizona

All-Electric Vehicle Rebate - Salt River Project (SRP) – updated 4/24/2018

SRP customers are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. For more information, see the SRP Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Safe Testing Regulations – added 4/24/2018

Arizona state agencies must support the testing and operation of AVs on public roads. Testing and operation of AVs must follow all applicable federal and state traffic and motor vehicle safety, insurance, accident reporting, titling, and registration laws and regulations. Permission to test or operate AVs on public roads will be suspended or revoked if any applicable laws and regulations are violated. To test or operate AVs without a person present in the vehicle, an applicant must submit a written statement to the Arizona Department of Transportation stating that the vehicle meets all applicable requirements. If the vehicle's automated driving system fails, the vehicle must be brought to a complete stop or safe state. The Arizona Department of Public Safety and law enforcement agencies will develop protocols on how first responders should interact with a fully autonomous vehicle in emergency and traffic enforcement situations. (Reference Executive Order 2018-04, 2018)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - Tucson Electric Power (TEP) – added 5/25/2018

TEP offers a discounted residential service time-of-use (TOU) rate during off-peak periods to customers who own and operate a PEV. The discount is a 5% reduction to applicable charges during the off-peak period. Eligible customers must provide documentation for a highway-approved PEV and submit a copy of the PEV's registration annually. For more information, including the application, see the TEP TOU website.

California

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Burbank Water and Power (BWP) – added 4/2/2018

BWP provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE can receive up to $2,000 for each charger and up to four rebates per fiscal year. Residential customers who install a charger can receive up to $500 and will be placed on BWP's time-of-use electric rate. Applications must be submitted no later than four months from the date of purchase. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis until funds are exhausted. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charging Station Rebate website.

Connecticut

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants – added 6/7/2018

The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) allocates a portion of its designated funds from the Volkswagen Clean Air Act Civil Settlement for the replacement or repower of eligible heavy-duty on-road vehicles through its Diesel Emissions Mitigation Program (Program). The Program provides up to 65% of the cost of new diesel or alternative fuel replacements and repowers for eligible public entities. For eligible private entities, the Program provides up to 40% of the cost of a new diesel or alternative fuel repower, up to 25% of the cost of a new diesel or alternative fuel vehicle, up to 60% of the cost of an all-electric repower, and up to 60% of the cost of a new all-electric vehicle and associated charging infrastructure. Vehicles that qualify for replacement or repower include:

Model YearVehicle Type
1992-2009Class 8 Local Freight Trucks and Port Drayage Trucks
1992-2009Class 4-7 Local Freight Trucks
2009 or olderClass 4-8 School Buses, Shuttle Buses, and Transit Buses

For more information, including application guidelines, see the DEEP VW Grant Information website.

Delaware

All-Electric Vehicle Rebates - Delmarva – updated 5/10/2018

Delmarva customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new BMW i3 or i3s. Rebates are available through July 31, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the Customer Information Form and a recent Delmarva utility bill to a local dealership.

Delmarva customers and eligible employees can receive a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of Delmarva employment or a copy of a Delmarva bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

For more information, visit Delmarva's Electric Vehicles webpage.

Georgia

Autonomous Vehicle Operation – added 5/4/2018

A person can operate a fully autonomous vehicle with the automated driving system engaged without a driver being present in the vehicle, if the vehicle is in compliance with federal motor vehicle safety standards and is registered as a fully autonomous vehicle. Other conditions may apply. (Reference Georgia Code 40-1-1 and 40-5-21).

Iowa

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – updated 5/21/2018

Alliant Energy offers a $250 rebate to residential customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE. The EVSE must be purchased and installed between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy Electric Vehicle Chargers website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Alliant Energy – added 5/22/2018

Alliant Energy offers rebates of $500 for the purchase or lease of a new PEV and $250 for the purchase or lease of a used PEV. The PEV must be purchased or leased between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy EV Buydown website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Study – added 6/8/2018

The Iowa Economic Development Authority (IEDA), in collaboration with the Iowa Department of Transportation and Iowa utility industry, will conduct a study of PEV charging infrastructure to evaluate costs and benefits associated with different options for PEV infrastructure support. IEDA will submit the study report to the general assembly by June 30, 2019. (Reference Senate File 2311, 2018, and Iowa Code 476.6)

Illinois

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - ComEd – updated 5/14/2018

ComEd customers and eligible employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of ComEd employment or a copy of a recent ComEd bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. For more information, visit ComEd's Electric Vehicles webpage.

Indiana

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - NIPSCO – updated 5/14/2018

NIPSCO customers and employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of NIPSCO employment or a copy of a NIPSCO bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Fleet Certification Code B46251. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

Electric Drive Vehicle Registration Fee – added 3/21/2018

Battery electric vehicle owners are required to pay an additional registration fee of $150, and plug-in hybrid and hybrid electric vehicles are required to pay an additional registration fee of $50. The Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles will determine new fee amounts every five years. (Reference Indiana Code 9-18.1-5-12)

Kansas

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebates - Kansas City Power & Light (KCP&L) – added 6/11/2018

KCP&L customers and employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new Nissan Leaf. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the flyer and a recent KCP&L utility bill or proof of employment to a local Nissan dealer. For more information, visit KCP&L's Clean Charge Network website.

Kentucky

Alternative Fuel Production Tax Incentives – updated 6/7/2018

Through the Incentives for Energy Independence Act program, the Kentucky Economic Development Finance Authority (KEDFA) provides tax incentives to construct, retrofit, or upgrade an alternative fuel production or gasification facility that uses coal or biomass as a feedstock. KEDFA also provides tax incentives for energy-efficient alternative fuel production facilities and for up to five alternative fuel production facilities that use natural gas or natural gas liquids as a feedstock. Energy-efficient alternative fuels are defined as homogeneous fuels that are produced from processes designed to densify feedstocks such as coal, waste coal, or biomass resources and have an energy content that is greater than the feedstock. The incentives may consist of: 1) a refund of up to 100% of the state sales tax paid on the purchase of personal property used to construct, retrofit, or upgrade the facility; 2) a credit of up to 100% of an approved company's state income tax and limited liability entity tax that the project generates; 3) up to 4% of the wage assessment of employees whose jobs were created as a result of the construction, retrofit, upgrade, or operation of a qualified facility; and 4) a credit for up to 80% of the severance tax paid for coal, natural gas, or natural gas liquids used as a feedstock. KEDFA may allow advance incentive disbursement to encourage the use of in-state labor for facility construction.

The incentives expire at the time of receipt of the authorized amount or 25 years from activation of the project, whichever occurs first. Approved companies may recover up to 50% of their capital investment via the authorized tax incentives. The minimum capital investment for incentive eligibility is $25 million for an alternative fuel or gasification facility that uses biomass as the primary feedstock; $100 million for an alternative fuel or gasification facility that uses coal, oil shale, or tar sands as the primary feedstock; $25 million for an energy-efficient alternative fuel facility; and $1 million for a facility that uses natural gas or natural gas liquids as the primary feedstock.

To apply for the incentive, an eligible taxpayer must submit a $1,000 non-refundable application fee and remit payment for any other fees in connection with the project, including administrative, legal, and consulting fees. For more information, see the Kentucky Business Incentives and Financial Programs website. KEDFA will not accept applications after August 1, 2018.

(Reference House Bill 557, 2018, and Kentucky Revised Statutes 154.27-010 to 154.27-090)

Volkswagen Settlement Allocation – updated 6/7/2018

The Kentucky General Assembly must approve the allocation of any funds the Commonwealth receives from the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement. Kentucky will hold all funds received from the environmental mitigation trust pursuant to the Partial Consent Decree in a trust and agency account. The Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet must administer the funds. (Reference House Bill 366, 2018, and Kentucky Revised Statutes 224.10)

Alternative Fuel Production Tax Incentives - Kentucky Enterprise Initiative Act (KEIA) – added 6/8/2018

Effective July 14, 2018, companies engaged in energy-efficient alternative fuel production, alternative fuel production, and gasification may be eligible for an incentive through KEIA. KEIA provides a refund of Kentucky sales and use tax paid by approved companies for building and construction materials for the acquisition, construction, or expansion of a new or existing facility or eligible equipment used in research and development. Energy-efficient alternative fuels are defined as homogeneous fuels that are produced from processes designed to densify feedstocks such as coal, waste coal, or biomass resources and have an energy content that is greater than the feedstock. For more information, including qualifications and the application process, see the Kentucky Business Incentives and Financial Programs website. (Reference House Bill 557, 2018, and Kentucky Revised Statutes 154.31)

Alternative Fuel Production Tax Incentives - Kentucky Business Investment (KBI) Program – added 6/8/2018

Effective July 14, 2018, companies engaged in energy-efficient alternative fuel production, alternative fuel production, and gasification may be eligible for the KBI Program. The KBI Program provides income tax credits and wage assessment incentives to eligible companies that locate or expand operations in Kentucky. Energy-efficient alternative fuels are defined as homogeneous fuels that are produced from processes designed to densify feedstocks such as coal, waste coal, or biomass resources and have an energy content that is greater than the feedstock. The incentive offsets eligible expenses for up to 15 years for an economic development project located in an enhanced incentive county or 10 years for an economic development project located in another county. An approved company may be eligible for a credit of up to 100% of the Kentucky corporate income or limited liability entity tax liability and wage assessment fees are available. For more information, including qualifications and the application process, see the Kentucky Business Incentives and Financial Programs website. (Reference House Bill 557, 2018, and Kentucky Revised Statutes 154.31)

Massachusetts

Support for Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEVs) and Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) – added 4/2/2018

The Massachusetts Commission on the Future of Transportation in the Commonwealth (Commission) was established to advise the Governor's Office on how to understand and plan for transportation advancements, including the increasing deployment of PEVs and AVs, in the Commonwealth from 2020 through 2040. The Commission will investigate the following topics:

  • Transportation electrification and the infrastructure necessary to support the increasing deployment of PEVs;
  • Autonomous and connected vehicles and the infrastructure necessary to support the increasing deployment of these technologies;
  • Impact of on-demand transit and mobility services on public transportation;
  • Impact of greenhouse gas emissions on transportation and methods to increase resiliency of transportation infrastructure; and
  • Land use or demographic changes that will shape future transportation planning.
The Commission is encouraged to consult outside experts, stakeholders, and the public for its analysis. The Commission will submit a report on its findings and recommendations to the Governor's Office by December 1, 2018. (Reference Executive Orders 579 and 580, 2018)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Eversource – added 5/4/2018

Eversource customers are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, customers must show a copy of a recent Eversource electric bill and the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer to the participating dealership. Rebates are available through July 2, 2018. For more information, see the Eversource Electric Vehicles website.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Access to Massachusetts Turnpike – added 6/18/2018

An AFV powered by propane or natural gas may only use the Massachusetts Turnpike at or between Interchange 1 in West Stockbridge and Interchange 14 in Weston if the vehicle has a special fuel transportation permit issued by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation. The AFV must conform to applicable federal and state laws and regulations. (Reference 700 Code of Massachusetts Regulations 7.07)

Maryland

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption – updated 6/7/2018

Permitted PEVs may operate in any Maryland HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants. Qualified PEVs must have a maximum speed capability of at least 65 miles per hour. Permitted hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) may operate in the Route 50 HOV lane only, regardless of the number of occupants. To operate in HOV lanes, PEV and HEV owners must obtain a permit from the Maryland Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle Administration (MDOT MVA). The cost of the permit may not exceed $20. Each year the MDOT MVA and the State Highway Administration must report PEV use in HOV lanes to the governor. This exemption expires September 30, 2019, for HEVs and September 30, 2022, for PEVs. For more information, see the HOV Permit Issuance for PEVs page. (Reference House Bill 714, 2018, and Maryland Statutes, Transportation Code 25-108 and 21-314)

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebates - BGE – updated 5/14/2018

Baltimore Gas and Electric (BGE) customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new BMW i3 or i3s. Rebates are available through July 31, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the Customer Information Form and a recent BGE utility bill to a local BMW dealer.

BGE customers and eligible employees can receive a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of BGE employment or a copy of a BGE bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

For more information, visit BGE's Electric Vehicles webpage.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebates - Pepco – updated 5/14/2018

Pepco customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new BMW i3 or i3s. Rebates are available through July 31, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the Customer Information Form and a recent Pepco utility bill to a local BMW dealer.

Pepco customers and eligible employees can receive a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of Pepco employment or a copy of a Pepco bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

For more information, visit Pepco's Electric Vehicles webpage.

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebates - Delmarva Power – updated 5/14/2018

Delmarva customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new BMW i3 or i3s. Rebates are available through July 31, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the Customer Information Form and a recent Delmarva utility bill to a BMW dealership.

Delmarva customers and eligible employees can receive a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of Delmarva employment or a copy of a Delmarva bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

For more information, visit Delmarva's Electric Vehicles webpage.

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Access to Tunnels – added 6/18/2018

An AFV powered by propane or natural gas may only use the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel and the Fort McHenry Tunnel if the vehicle has a dedicated alternate fuel system installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle or a fuel system that has been properly converted to an alternate fuel system, conforms to applicable federal regulations and industry standards, has a fuel capacity that does not exceed 150 pounds, and displays all proper markings and symbols. (Reference Code of Maryland Regulations 11.07.01.03)

Maine

Support for Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) – added 4/2/2018

The Commission on AVs (Commission) was established to support the testing and deployment of AVs on public roads in Maine and make recommendations for changes needed to existing state laws for the purposes of governing AVs. The Commission must coordinate with state agencies and consult outside experts and the public for their input on deploying and regulating AVs. The Commission will deliver an initial report detailing its progress by January 15, 2020 and a final report on its findings by January 15, 2022 to the Joint Standing Committee on Transportation. The Commission must also develop a process for authorizing an AV tester to deploy AVs on public roads. (Reference House Paper 1204, 2018)

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation Authorization for Municipalities – added 5/4/2018

Municipalities may enter into a memorandum of agreement with the Maine Secretary of State, Department of Transportation, and Department of Professional and Financial Regulation to develop, test, and operate AVs for public transportation use. An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver. A municipality that conducts an AV pilot must submit a summary report to the Maine Joint Standing Committee on Transportation (Committee) by December 1, 2021. Based on these pilots, the Committee may recommend legislation relating to the deployment of AVs in public transportation during the Regular Session of the 130th Legislature. (Reference House Paper 1204, 2018, and Maine Revised Statutes Title 29-A, Section 2093)

Minnesota

Biodiesel Blend Mandate – updated 6/6/2018

During the months of April through September, diesel fuel sold in the state must be at least B10, increasing to 20% biodiesel (B20) on May 1, 2018. Diesel fuel sold during the remainder of the year must contain at least 5% biodiesel (B5). From April 1 to April 14, diesel fuel sold in the state can be less than 20% biodiesel (B20), but not less than 10% biodiesel (B10).

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, and the Pollution Control Agency, in consultation with the Biodiesel Task Force and other technical experts, must submit annual reports regarding the implementation of minimum biodiesel content requirements, including information about the price and supply of biodiesel fuel.

(Reference Senate File 3596, 2018, and Minnesota Statutes 239.75 and 239.77)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Wind Energy Promotion - Great River Energy – added 4/13/2018

Great River Energy's Revolt initiative offers the ability to power a PEV with 100% wind energy for the lifetime of the vehicle. The program requires no additional cost, however standard or off-peak rates still apply for the electricity used. For more information, see Revolt's Wind Energy Promotion page.

Missouri

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebates - Kansas City Power & Light (KCP&L) – added 6/11/2018

KCP&L customers and employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new Nissan Leaf. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the flyer and a recent KCP&L utility bill or proof of employment to a local Nissan dealer. For more information, visit KCP&L's Clean Charge Network webpage.

Nebraska

Idle Reduction Weight Exemption – updated 6/6/2018

The maximum gross weight limit and axle weight limit for any vehicle or combination of vehicles equipped with idle reduction technology may exceed the state's gross weight limit by up to 550 pounds per vehicle to compensate for the additional weight of the idle reduction technology. (Reference Legislative Bill 909, 2018, and Nebraska Revised Statutes 60-6,294)

Autonomous Vehicle Operation – added 5/14/2018

A fully autonomous vehicle or a driverless-capable vehicle can operate without a driver present in the vehicle, if the vehicle is capable of operating in compliance with traffic and motor safety laws and regulations, is registered, and is insured. If a driver is present, the driver must be licensed properly in the event that manual control of the vehicle is necessary. Other conditions apply. (Reference Legislative Bill 989, 2018)

Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption – added 6/6/2018

The maximum gross weight for any vehicle fueled primarily by natural gas may exceed the state's gross weight limit by the difference between the weight of the natural gas fueling tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable diesel fueling tank and fueling system, up to 2,000 pounds per vehicle. (Reference Legislative Bill 909, 2018, and Nebraska Revised Statutes 60-6,294)

New Jersey

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - Atlantic City Electric – updated 5/14/2018

Atlantic City Electric customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new BMW i3 or i3s. Rebates are available through July 31, 2018. To receive the rebate, bring the Customer Information Form and a recent Atlantic City Electric utility bill to a local dealership.

Atlantic City Electric customers and eligible employees can receive a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of Atlantic City Electric employment or a copy of a recent Atlantic City Electric bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018.

For more information, visit Atlantic City Electric's Electric Vehicles webpage.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support – added 5/25/2018

New Jersey joined California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont in signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to support the deployment of ZEVs through involvement in a ZEV Program Implementation Task Force (Task Force). In May 2014, the Task Force published a ZEV Action Plan (Plan) identifying 11 priority actions to accomplish the goals of the MOU, including deploying at least 3.3 million ZEVs and adequate fueling infrastructure within the signatory states by 2025. The Plan also includes a research agenda to inform future actions. On an annual basis, each state must report on the number of registered ZEVs, the number of public electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen fueling stations, and available information regarding workplace fueling for ZEVs. Each state also committed to:

  • Support ZEV commercialization through consistent statewide building codes and standards for installing EVSE, streamlined metering options for homes equipped with EVSE, opportunities to reduce vehicle operating costs, increased electric system efficiency through time-of-use electricity rates and net metering for electric vehicles, and integrating ZEVs with renewable energy initiatives;
  • Establish ZEV purchase targets for governmental agency fleets, explore opportunities for coordinated vehicle and fueling station equipment procurement, work to provide public access to government fleet fueling stations, and include commitments to use ZEVs in state contracts with auto dealers and car rental companies where appropriate;
  • Evaluate the need for, and effectiveness of, monetary incentives to reduce the upfront purchase price of ZEVs as well as non-monetary incentives, such as high occupancy vehicle lane access, reduced tolls, and preferential parking, and pursue these incentives as appropriate;
  • Work to develop uniform standards to promote ZEV consumer acceptance and awareness, industry compliance, and economies of scale, including adopting universal signage, common methods of payment and interoperability of EVSE networks, and reciprocity among states for non-monetary ZEV incentives;
  • Cooperate with vehicle manufacturers, electricity and hydrogen providers, the fueling infrastructure industry, corporate fleet owners, financial institutions, and others to encourage ZEV market growth;
  • Share research and develop a coordinated education and outreach campaign to highlight the benefits of ZEVs, including collaboration with related national and regional initiatives; and
  • Assess and develop potential deployment strategies and infrastructure requirements for the commercialization of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

For more information, see the Multi-State ZEV Task Force website.

New York

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Testing and Operation Authorization – updated 5/4/2018

The New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) may approve demonstrations of AVs on public roads for the purpose of evaluating the potential impacts of AV technology on safety, traffic control, traffic enforcement, emergency services, and other areas the DMV identifies. To be considered, a proposed AV demonstration must meet, at minimum, the following requirements:

  • The demonstration application includes a law enforcement interaction plan, which provides information for law enforcement and first responders regarding how to interact with the AV in an emergency or traffic enforcement situation;
  • The demonstration takes place under the supervision of the New York State Police and in a manner consistent with their direction;
  • A licensed vehicle operator is seated inside the AV while it is being operated on public highways; and
  • The AV meets all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and New York State Motor Vehicle Inspection Standards.

An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver.

By June 1, 2018, the DMV, in partnership with the State Police, must submit a report to the governor and other relevant government officials including information about each of the demonstrations that have been authorized. For more information, including how to apply for a testing and demonstration permit, see the DMV AV Technology website. (Reference Senate Bill 7508-C, 2018)

Electric Drive Vehicle Taxicabs – added 3/21/2018

Plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles that meet all requirements for use as a for-hire vehicle may be used as taxicabs. (Reference Assembly Bill 7963, 2017, and New York City Administrative Code 19-502 and 19-533).

Ohio

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Emissions Reduction Grants – added 6/18/2018

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides matching grants of $50,000 to $2 million for the replacement or repower of medium- and heavy-duty, on- and off-road vehicles with new clean diesel or natural gas, propane, hybrid electric, or all-electric vehicles and equipment. This grant program is funded by Ohio's portion of the Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust. Owners of eligible medium- and heavy-duty diesel fleets in priority counties must match at least 25% of funds, with larger matches required for some project categories. Additional terms and conditions apply. Applications are due by August 3, 2018. For more information, including the Request for Proposals and grant application guidelines, see the Ohio EPA website.

Oregon

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition, Fuel Use, and Emissions Reductions Requirements – updated 4/11/2018

All state agencies and transit districts must purchase AFVs and use alternative fuels to operate those vehicles to the maximum extent possible, except in regions where it is not economically or logistically possible to fuel an AFV. Each state agency must develop and report a greenhouse gas reduction baseline and determine annual reduction targets. Reports to the Oregon Department of Administrative Services (DAS) must include the number of purchases or leases of AFVs or AFV conversions and the quantity of each type of alternative fuel used annually by state agency fleets.

DAS and the Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must improve the plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) bulk procurement process to reduce costs for state agency PEV purchases. DAS must develop a "Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) First" policy to encourage state employees to use PEVs or other LEVs in the state fleet. DAS and ODOE must also develop a tool to calculate the long-term return on investment and life-cycle costs of PEVs to inform agencies of potential cost savings. In addition, DAS must inform and support legislative changes that enable increased charging infrastructure and state agency PEV purchases.

(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017, Oregon Revised Statutes 283.327 and 267.030, and Executive Order 06-02, 2006)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Sales Requirements and Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards – updated 4/11/2018

Under the Oregon LEV Program, all new passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles sold, leased, licensed, or delivered for sale in the state must meet California motor vehicle emissions and compliance requirements specified in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations. Exemptions may apply. Manufacturers must meet the greenhouse gas emissions standard and the ZEV production and sales requirements. The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) must work with the Environmental Quality Commission to maintain consistency with California's zero ZEV regulation, including any ZEV sales requirement increases. DEQ must also work with the Oregon Department of Justice and take appropriate steps to retain California's exemption for vehicle standards that are more protective of air quality under the Federal Clean Air Act. For more information, see the Oregon LEV Program website. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017, Oregon Revised Statutes 468A.360, and Oregon Administrative Rules 340-257)

Clean Transportation Fuel Standards – updated 4/11/2018

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers the Oregon Clean Fuels Program (Program), which requires fuel producers and importers to register, keep records of, and report the volumes and carbon intensities of the fuels they provide in Oregon. Phase 2 of the Program, implemented in 2016, requires fuel suppliers to reduce the carbon content of transportation fuels.

DEQ must conduct rulemaking for the Program to support greater plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption. DEQ must also develop a method to aggregate and monetize all eligible PEV credits in the Program to assist in achieving the state goal of 50,000 registered PEVs in Oregon by 2020. For more information, see the DEQ Oregon Clean Fuels Program website.

(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017, Oregon Revised Statutes 468A.270, and Oregon Administrative Rules 340-253)

State Agency Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installation – updated 4/11/2018

State agencies may install publicly-accessible EVSE on their premises or contract with a vendor to do so. The Oregon Department of Administrative Services (DAS) will establish criteria to determine the appropriate number of locations for EVSE at each agency. A state agency may establish and adjust a uniform price for charging, provided that the price recovers, to the extent practicable, the cost of operating the EVSE and does not exceed 110% of the average market price for the use of public EVSE. DAS will report to the Legislative Assembly on the number, cost, and utilization of EVSE installed by state agencies by February 2019, February 2021, and February 2023.

DAS must add PEV charging capacity for employee and public visitor parking lots, develop contracts to procure and install charging infrastructure, and incorporate PEV charging as a tenant improvement for state-leased buildings.

(Reference House Bill 4022, 2018, Executive Order 17-21, 2017, and Oregon Revised Statutes 276.255)

Transportation Electrification Acceleration Programs – updated 4/11/2018

The Oregon Public Utility Commission must direct electric utilities to file applications for programs to accelerate transportation electrification. Eligible programs include investments in or customer rebates for electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). Among other criteria, programs must stimulate innovation, competition, and customer choice in EVSE and plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging.

Additionally, the Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must engage with publicly and investor-owned utilities on how to improve transportation electrification plans and increase PEV adoption in their service territories. ODOE must also provide the utilities with technical assistance on how to accommodate increased electric system loads from PEVs.

(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017, and Oregon Law 28, 2016)

Support for Autonomous Vehicles – added 4/11/2018

The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) is the lead agency responsible for coordination of autonomous vehicle (AV) program and policies. ODOT will establish a Task Force on AVs (Task Force) to develop recommendations for AV legislation to address licensing and registration, law enforcement and accident reporting, cybersecurity, and insurance and liability. The Task Force must submit a report to the Legislative Assembly on proposed recommendations by September 15, 2018. The Task Force will also submit a report on the potential long-term effect of AVs to the Legislative Assembly by September 15, 2019. (Reference House Bill 4063, 2018)

Support for Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Adoption – added 4/11/2018

In order to support the state goal of at least 50,000 PEVs registered and operating in Oregon by 2020, the Zero-Emission Vehicle Working Group (Working Group) will develop goals and progress metrics for PEV adoption. The Working Group will include representatives from the Departments of Administrative Services, Energy, Transportation, and Environmental Quality, and the Oregon Public Utility Commission. The Working Group will aim to remove barriers to PEVs and PEV charging stations, and establish a website to share information about their efforts with the public. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)

Volkswagen Settlement Allocation – added 4/11/2018

The Department Environmental Quality (DEQ), with the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE), and Oregon Health Authority Public Health Division, must engage stakeholders and receive public comments to inform the development of a plan to leverage up to 15% of the Volkswagen Mitigation Fund to support vehicle electrification. The plan should include the development and maintenance of plug-in electric vehicle charging stations, with a focus on rural and low-income communities.

ODOT, with ODOE, DEQ, the Public Utility Commission, and local governments, must develop proposals for future 30-month investment periods of Electrify America's Zero-Emission Vehicle Investment Plan.

(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)

Mandatory Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Building Standards – added 4/11/2018

The Oregon Department of Business and Consumer Services, Building Code Division, must amend the state building code to require that all newly constructed residential and commercial building parking structures can support the installation of at least one level 2 EVSE by October 1, 2022. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)

Establishment of Recognition Programs for Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Adoption – added 4/11/2018

The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must design and establish Governor's Awards for automobile dealerships to encourage sales of PEVs. ODOE must also design and establish Governor's Awards for businesses and organizations that support PEV adoption through installing charging infrastructure and using PEVs in their fleets. (Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)

Support for Zero-Emission Buses – added 4/11/2018

The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE), with the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Public Utility Commission (PUC), Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), and the Department of Education, must develop tools and provide assistance to school districts about using zero-emission bus options when replacing school buses.

ODOT, with ODOE, PUC, and DEQ, must develop tools and best practices to help transit agencies when making decisions about using zero-emission buses in transit fleets. ODOT must also work with transit agencies, ODOE, DEQ, and the Oregon Health Authority Public Health Division to access the environmental, public health, and financial benefits of an accelerated transition to zero-emission buses.

(Reference Executive Order 17-21, 2017)

Pennsylvania

All-Electric Vehicle Rebate - PECO – added 5/10/2018

PECO customers and eligible employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show proof of PECO employment or a copy of a recent PECO bill at participating Nissan dealerships with the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. For more information, visit PECO's Electric Vehicles webpage.

Tennessee

Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Grant Program – updated 6/6/2018

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's Office of Energy Programs administers the Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Grant Program (Program). The Program provides fleets with grants to cover up to 70% of the incremental purchase cost, up to $25,000 per vehicle, for new original equipment manufacturer dedicated natural gas or propane vehicles, or for the cost of natural gas or propane vehicle conversions. Natural gas or propane bi-fuel vehicles used for emergency response purposes are also eligible for funding. Public, non-profit, and private Tennessee-based fleets are eligible to apply for funding and must intend to operate vehicles in Tennessee for a minimum of six years. Grant applications are limited to one per applicant, must include at least one vehicle, and are not to exceed $250,000. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the Program website.

Methanol Tax Exemption – added 6/6/2018

Methanol sold for use as a motor fuel that is not blended with gasoline, diesel, or other fuels or petroleum products is exempt from gasoline and diesel fuel use taxes. (Reference Senate Bill 692, 2018, and Tennessee Code 67-3-4)

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Operation Authorization – added 6/6/2018

AVs may be operated on public roads without a driver present in the vehicle if the AV meets the following requirements:

  • It complies with all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards;
  • It is capable of reaching a reasonably safe state in the event that the automated driving system fails; and
  • It is registered in the state as an AV that can operate without any supervision by a driver
An AV is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver. (Reference Tennessee Code 55-54-101 to 55-54-108)

Ethanol Blend Specifications – added 6/6/2018

Ethanol-blended gasoline sold in the state must meet ASTM specification D4814, with the following exceptions:

  • The maximum vapor pressure of ethanol blends containing 1% or more ethanol for volatility Classes A, B, C, and D may not exceed the ASTM D4814 limit by more than 1.0 pound per square inch (psi); and
  • The maximum vapor pressure of ethanol blends containing 1% or more ethanol for volatility Class E may not exceed the ASTM D4814 limit by more than 0.5 psi
These exceptions remain in effect until ASTM develops final vapor pressure maximums for ethanol blends. (Reference Tennessee Code 47-18-1304)

Texas

Clean Vehicle and Infrastructure Grants – updated 6/18/2018

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the Emissions Reduction Incentive Grants (ERIG) Program and Rebate Grants Program as part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). The ERIG Program provides grants for various types of clean air projects to improve air quality in the state's nonattainment areas and other affected counties. Eligible projects include those that involve replacement, retrofit, repower, or lease or purchase of new heavy-duty vehicles; alternative fuel dispensing infrastructure; idle reduction and electrification infrastructure; and alternative fuel use. The Rebate Grants Program provides grants to upgrade or replace diesel heavy-duty vehicles and non-road equipment. Qualifying projects must reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides or other pollutants by at least 25% as compared to baseline levels and must meet operational and fuel usage requirements. Applications must be submitted by 5:00pm on August 15, 2018. For more information, including eligibility and the application form, see the TCEQ TERP website. (Reference Texas Statutes Health and Safety Code 386 and Texas Administrative Code 114.620-114.629)

Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebates – updated 6/13/2018

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) administers the Light-Duty Motor Vehicle Purchase or Lease Incentive Program for the purchase or lease of a new light-duty vehicle powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane, hydrogen, or electricity. CNG and propane vehicles are eligible for a rebate of $5,000 for the first 1,000 applicants. Electric drive vehicles powered by a battery or hydrogen fuel cell are eligible for a rebate of $2,500, for the first 2,000 applicants. One rebate will be available per eligible vehicle. Applications must be submitted by 5:00pm on May 31, 2019. For more information, including eligibility requirements and the application form, see the TCEQ Texas Emissions Reduction Plan website. (Reference Texas Statutes Health and Safety Code 386 and Texas Administrative Code 114.610-114.613)

Virginia

Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions – updated 4/9/2018

Biodiesel is defined as a fuel composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats that is designated B100 and meets the requirements of ASTM D6751. Green diesel is a fuel produced from non-fossil renewable resources, including agricultural or silvicultural plants; animal fats; residue and waste generated from the production, processing, and marketing of agricultural products, silvicultural products; and other renewable resources; that meets applicable ASTM specifications. (Reference Virginia Code 58.1-439.12:02)

Green Jobs Tax Credit – updated 4/9/2018

Qualified employers are eligible for a $500 tax credit for each new green job created that offers a salary of at least $50,000, for up to 350 jobs per employer. The credit is allowed for the first five years that the job is continuously filled. For the purposes of this tax credit, a green job is defined as employment in industries relating to renewable or alternative energy, including hydrogen and fuel cell technology, landfill gas, and biofuels. The tax credit expires on January 1, 2021. For more information, see the Virginia Department of Taxation website. (Reference Senate Bill 573, 2018, and Virginia Code 58.1-439.12:05)

Retail Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Regulations – updated 4/9/2018

Retail PEV charging services provided by an individual, locality, public institution of higher education, or the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, who is not a public utility, public service corporation, or public service company, do not constitute the retail sale of electricity if the electricity is used solely for transportation purposes and the person providing the PEV charging service has procured the electricity from an authorized public utility. The Virginia State Corporation Commission may not set the rates, charges, or fees for retail PEV charging services provided by non-utilities. (Reference Senate Bill 908, 2018, and Virginia Code 56-1.2:1 and 56-232.2:1)

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Infrastructure Authorization – updated 4/9/2018

The Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, any locality, public institution of higher education, or school boards may operate retail, fee-based PEV charging infrastructure on the property. A locality may restrict use to employees of the locality and authorized visitors and may install signage that details these restrictions. PEV charging infrastructure access during school hours must be restricted to employees, students, and authorized visitors only. PEV charging infrastructure must be accompanied by appropriate signage that details these restrictions. (Reference Virginia Code 22.1-131, 56-1.2, 56-1.2:1, and 56-232.2:1)

Vermont

All-Electric Vehicle Rebate - Green Mountain Power (GMP) – added 4/24/2018

GMP customers and eligible employees are eligible for a $3,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2018 Nissan LEAF. To receive the rebate, show a copy of a GMP energy statement or a GMP Employee Identification to the participating dealership. Rebates are available through June 30, 2018. For more information, see the Nissan LEAF Rebate Flyer.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentives - Green Mountain Power (GMP) – added 5/4/2018

GMP residential customers are eligible for a free Level 2 EVSE when they purchase a new all-electric vehicle (EV). Residential customers that already own an EV may rent a Level 2 EVSE station at a low monthly fee. In addition, customers may enroll in GMP's EV Unlimited Plan for unlimited EV charging during off-peak hours at a flat monthly fee. For more information about these incentives, see GMP's In-Home Level 2 EV Charger website.

Washington

Volkswagen Settlement Allocation – added 4/24/2018

The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) will work with the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) to select projects and distribute funding to leverage 15% of Washington's portion of the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Fund for the acquisition, installation, operation, and maintenance of light-duty zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) charging infrastructure.

Ecology will establish a competitive process to identify and select projects to fund with the remaining 85% of the appropriation to maximize total air pollution reduction and health benefits, improve air quality in areas disproportionately affected by air pollution, leverage additional matching funds, achieve substantial emission reduction beyond what would occur absent the funding, accelerate fleet turnover to the cleanest engines, and accelerate adoption of electric vehicles, equipment, and vessels. As appropriate, Ecology will work with WSDOT to select projects and distribute funding. For more information, see Ecology's Volkswagen Federal Enforcement Action website.

(Reference Session Law 2018-298, Section 3008)

Wisconsin

Residential Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – updated 5/21/2018

Alliant Energy offers a $250 rebate to residential customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE. The EVSE must be purchased and installed between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy Electric Vehicle Chargers website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - Alliant Energy – added 5/22/2018

Alliant Energy offers rebates of $500 for the purchase or lease of a new PEV, and $250 for the purchase or lease of a used PEV. The PEV must be purchased or leased between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018. For more information, including how to apply, see the Alliant Energy EV Buydown website.