Recent State Actions

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Arizona

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/23/2017

Arizona joined Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

California

Plug-In Hybrid and Zero Emission Light-Duty Vehicle Rebates – updated 11/8/2017

The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. Qualified vehicles are light-duty zero emission vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the CVRP.

For vehicles purchased on or after March 29, 2016, eligibility for the rebate for individuals is based on gross annual income, as stated on the individual's federal tax return. Individuals with a gross annual income above the following thresholds are only eligible for rebates for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs):

  • $150,000 for single filers
  • $204,000 for head-of-household filers
  • $300,000 for joint filers
For individuals with low and moderate household incomes of less than or equal to 300% of the federal poverty level, rebates are increased by $2,000, for a total rebate amount of up to $7,000. Increased rebates are available for ARB-approved FCEVs, PHEVs, and battery electric vehicles.

ARB determines annual funding amounts for the CVRP, which is expected to be effective through 2023. ARB must submit a report to the State Legislature on the environmental and economic impacts of the CVRP by December 31, 2018. For more information, including information on income verification, a list of eligible vehicles, and how to apply, see the CVRP website.

(Reference Assembly Bill 615, 2017, and California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Signage Authorization on Highways – added 11/8/2017

EVSE facilities located at roadside businesses are eligible to be included on state highway exit information signs. Signage must be consistent with California's Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. (Reference Assembly Bill 1633, 2017, and California Streets and Highway Code 101.7)

All-Electric Vehicle Rebate - SDG&E – added 11/8/2017

San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 BMW i3 at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through January 2, 2018, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the SDG&E 2017 BMW i3 website.

Freight Efficiency Action Plan – updated 11/8/2017

The California State Transportation Agency, the California Environmental Protection Agency, the Natural Resources Agency, and relevant state departments, including the California Air Resources Board, the California Department of Transportation, the California Energy Commission, and the Governor's Office of Business and Economic Development, implemented the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan (Plan), which establishes targets to improve freight efficiency and transition to zero emission technologies. The Plan identifies state policies, programs, and investments to achieve the following targets:

  • Improve freight system efficiency by 25% by 2030; and
  • Deploy over 100,000 zero emission freight vehicles and associated equipment, maximizing the number of vehicles powered by renewable energy, by 2030.
The involved parties have also initiated corridor-level freight pilot projects to integrate advanced technologies, alternative fuels, freight and fuel infrastructure, and local economic development opportunities based on the Plan. For more information, see the Plan website. (Reference Executive Order B-32-15, 2015)

Support for Zero Emission and Autonomous Vehicle Infrastructure – added 11/8/2017

Cities and counties that receive funding from the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Program are encouraged to use funds towards advanced transportation technologies and communication systems, including, but not limited to, zero emission vehicle fueling infrastructure and infrastructure-to-vehicle communications for autonomous vehicles. (Reference Senate Bill 1, 2017, and California Streets and Highways Code 2030)

Voluntary Vehicle Retirement and Replacement Grants – added 11/8/2017

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will administer the Clean Cars 4 All Program (Program) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, and benefit low-income residents through the retirement and replacement of high-emission motor vehicles. The Program will be focused on funding projects for the voluntary early retirement and replacement from operation of passenger vehicles and light- and medium-duty trucks primarily in disadvantaged communities, when possible, as defined by the California Environmental Protection Agency. Low-income eligible applicants may receive compensation towards a replacement vehicle or mobility option of no less than $2,500. Compensation for other eligible applicants may not exceed the compensation received by low-income recipients. Eligible applicants that have received funding for voluntary vehicle retirement under the California Bureau of Automotive Repair's Consumer Assistance Program are eligible for vehicle replacement funding under the Program. ARB must establish the Program guidelines by January 1, 2019.

(Reference Assembly Bills 188 and 630, 2017, and California Health and Safety Code 44124.5-44125)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Pilot Programs – added 11/8/2017

The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) will provide funding for pilot utility programs to install EVSE at a school facilities, other educational institutions, and state parks or beaches. Priority will be given to locations in disadvantaged communities, as defined by the California Environmental Protection Agency. Utilities may submit project proposals until July 20, 2018. (Reference Assembly Bills 1082 and 1083, 2017 and California Public Utilities Code 740.13-740.14)

Vehicle Acquisition and Petroleum Reduction Requirements – updated 11/8/2017

The California Department of General Services (DGS) is responsible for maintaining specifications and standards for passenger cars and light-duty trucks that are purchased or leased for state office, agency, and department use. These specifications include minimum vehicle emissions standards and encourage the purchase or lease of fuel-efficient and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). Specifically, DGS must reduce or displace the fleet's consumption of petroleum products by 20% by January 1, 2020, as compared to the 2003 consumption level. Beginning in fiscal year 2024, DGS must also ensure that at least 50% of the light-duty vehicles purchased by the state are zero emission vehicles (ZEVs). Further, at least 15% of DGS' fleet of new vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 19,000 pounds or more must be ZEVs by 2025, and at least 30% by 2030.

On an annual basis, DGS must compile information including, but not limited to, the number of AFVs and hybrid electric vehicles acquired, the locations of the alternative fuel pumps available for those vehicles, and the total amount of alternative fuels used. Vehicles the state owns or leases that are capable of operating on alternative fuel must operate on that fuel unless the alternative fuel is not available. DGS is also required to:

  • Take steps to transfer vehicles between agencies and departments to ensure that the most fuel-efficient vehicles are used and to eliminate the least fuel-efficient vehicles from the state's motor vehicle fleet;
  • Submit annual progress reports to the California Department of Finance, related legislative committees, and the general public via the DGS website;
  • Encourage other agencies to operate AFVs on the alternative fuel for which they are designed, to the extent feasible;
  • Encourage the development of commercial fueling infrastructure at or near state vehicle fueling or parking sites;
  • Work with other agencies to incentivize and promote state employee use of AFVs through preferential or reduced-cost parking, access to electric vehicle charging, or other means, to the extent feasible; and
  • Establish a more stringent fuel economy standard than the 2007 standard.

(Reference Senate Bill 498, 2017; Assembly Bill 739, 2017; Executive Order S-14-09, 2009; and California Public Resources Code 25722.5-25722.11, and 25724)

Livermore Amador Valley Transit Authority (LAVTA) Autonomous Vehicle Pilot Authorization – added 11/8/2017

LAVTA may conduct a pilot to test shared autonomous vehicles, without a driver in the driver's seat, that are not equipped with a steering wheel, brake pedal, or accelerator. The autonomous vehicles must operate at speeds of less than 35 miles per hour at all times, and can only be tested within the City of Dublin. Prior to the start of the pilot, LAVTA must submit a detailed description of the testing program to the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). LAVTA may conduct this pilot until up to 180 days after the DMV enacts its regulations for the testing and deployment of autonomous vehicles that may be operated without a driver in the driver's seat. (Reference Assembly Bill 1444, 2017, and California Vehicle Code 38756)

Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation Requirements – added 11/8/2017

Autonomous vehicles may be operated on public roads for testing purposes, if there is a licensed vehicle operator seated in the driver's seat monitoring the safe operation of the autonomous vehicle and capable of taking immediate manual control of the vehicle in the event that the automated driving system fails. Autonomous vehicles may not be operated on public roads for purposes other than testing unless the vehicle manufacturer submits an application to the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), the application is approved, and the autonomous vehicle meets, at minimum, the following requirements:

  • It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
  • It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
  • It has a means to alert the driver when the autonomous driving system has failed and either allows the driver to take manual control of the vehicle, or is capable of bringing itself to a complete stop;
  • It meets all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; and
  • It has a separate mechanism to capture and save the vehicle's sensor data at least 30 seconds before a collision involving the vehicle occurs.
An autonomous vehicle is defined as any vehicle that is equipped with a technology that has the capability to operate the vehicle without the direct control of the driver.

The DMV proposed regulations for the testing and deployment of autonomous vehicles that may be operated without a driver in the driver's seat on March 10, 2017. For more information, see the DMV's Deployment of Autonomous Vehicles for Public Operation website.

(Reference Senate Bill 145, 2017, and California Vehicle Code38750)

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption – updated 11/8/2017

Compressed natural gas (CNG), hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. White Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available for qualified CNG, hydrogen, and electric vehicles. Green Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available for qualified purchased or leased PHEVs. Stickers are valid through the following dates:

  • Stickers issued before January 1, 2019 expire January 1, 2019;
  • Stickers issued on or after January 1, 2019 for a vehicle that had been issued a sticker between January 1, 2017 and January 1, 2019, expire January 1, 2022; and
  • All other stickers issued on or after January 1, 2019 expire on January 1 of the fourth year after the sticker was issued.
These vehicles are also eligible for reduced rates or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. For more information and restrictions, including a list of qualifying vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Lane Use Stickers website. (Reference Assembly Bill 544, 2017, and California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Parking Space Regulation – added 11/8/2017

An individual may not park a motor vehicle within any on- or off-street parking space specifically designated by a local authority for parking and charging PEVs unless the vehicle is a PEV fueled by electricity. Eligible PEVs must be in the process of charging to park in the space. A person found responsible for a violation is subject to traffic violation penalties. (Reference Assembly Bill 1452, 2017, and California Vehicle Code 22511)

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Programs Report – added 11/8/2017

The California Air Resources Board (ARB), in partnership with its stakeholders, must complete a report that reviews each of ARB's ZEV-related programs by July 1, 2019. Specifically, the report must include an analysis of the greenhouse gas and air quality goals of each ZEV program, the progress of each program towards meeting its goals, and a cost-benefit analysis of each program. In this report, ARB must also propose recommendations for improvements to these programs and on how to encourage the cost-effective deployment of ZEVs in fleets across the state. (Reference Senate Bill 498, 2017, and California Health and Safety Code 43018.8)

Volkswagen Group of America's (VW) Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan – added 9/11/2017

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved the VW California ZEV Investment Plan. As required by the October 2016 2.0-Liter Partial Consent Decree, VW must invest $800 million over ten years to support the increased adoption of ZEV technology in California. VW will submit a series of four 30-month cycle ZEV investment plans to CARB for approval; EPA has approved the Cycle 1 plan, covering Quarter 1, 2017, through Quarter 2, 2019. The Cycle 1 plan includes building a basic charging network, launching a multi-lingual public outreach and education campaign, and beginning ZEV access projects. ZEV infrastructure rollouts will be focused in six metropolitan areas: Fresno, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, San Diego, and Sacramento. VW has also designated Sacramento as the first "Green City," with the goal of offering residents a better quality of life through enhanced mobility and improved air quality. For more information, see the California ZEV Investment Plan: Cycle 1 and CARB's Volkswagen Settlement website.

Colorado

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Colorado joined Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

Connecticut

Hydrogen and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – updated 9/11/2017

The Hydrogen and Electric Automobile Purchase Rebate Program (CHEAPR) offers rebates for the incremental cost of the purchase or lease of a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), all-electric vehicle (EV), or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). Rebates are offered based on battery range in the following amounts:

Vehicle TypeRebate AmountRequired Battery Range
PHEV$2,00040 miles or greater
$500Less than 40 miles
EV$3,000175 miles or greater
$2,000100-174 miles
$500Less than 100 miles
FCEV$5,000-

Rebates are offered on a first-come, first-served basis until funds expire. For more information, see the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection EV Connecticut website.

Autonomous Vehicle Task Force and Pilot Program – added 9/11/2017

A task force is established to study fully autonomous vehicles (AVs), including evaluating the standards established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regarding state responsibilities for regulating AVs. The task force will also evaluate the laws proposed or enacted by other states to regulate AVs and recommend how the state should regulate AVs. The task force must submit to the Connecticut General Assembly interim reports by January 1, 2018, and July 1, 2018, and a final report by January 1, 2019.

The Connecticut Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Departments of Motor Vehicles, Transportation, and Emergency Services and Public Protection, will establish a pilot program for up to four municipalities to allow approved candidates to test AVs on local highways. No later than January 1, 2019, and annually thereafter, the Office of Policy and Management will submit a report to the General Assembly on the implementation and progress of the pilot program.

(Reference Senate Bill 260, 2017)

Delaware

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Rebates – updated 10/11/2017

As part of the Delaware Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control offers rebates for new, leased, or converted AFVs. The following rebate amounts are applicable for vehicles purchased between November 1, 2016, and June 30, 2018:

Qualifying VehiclesRebate Amount
All-electric vehicle (EV)$3,500
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV; including vehicles with gasoline range extenders)$1,500
Converted EV and PHEV$1,500
EV or PHEV over $60,000$1,000
Dedicated propane or natural gas vehicle (NGV)$1,500
Bi-fuel propane or NGV$1,350
Dedicated heavy-duty NGV$20,000

Eligible applicants include Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebate applications must be signed by both the purchaser and a dealer representative. Rebates are limited to six vehicles per fleet and one vehicle per individual. All vehicles purchased through this rebate program must be titled and registered in the state. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines and participating dealers, see the Delaware Clean Fuel and Transportation Initiative website.

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate - PECO – added 10/11/2017

PECO provides rebates of $50 to residential customers who purchase a new, qualified PEV. For more information, see the PECO Driver Rebate website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebates – updated 10/11/2017

As part of the Delaware Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control offers rebates for new EVSE purchased for use at commercial and residential locations.

Rebate amounts are 50% of the cost of a residential charging station, up to $500, and 75% of the cost of a commercial or workplace charging station, up to $2,500 or $5,000, respectively.

Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebates are limited to six EVSE per fleet and one EVSE per individual. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Delaware Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment Rebate Programwebsite.

Connected and Automated Vehicles Advisory Council – added 10/11/2017

Delaware Department of Transportation will establish an Advisory Council to evaluate the impact of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) on public safety, cyber security, legal issues, privacy, and the design and construction of the transportation network. The Advisory Council will review state motor vehicle laws and make recommendations for tools and strategies that can be used to prepare Delaware's transportation network for CAVs. The Advisory Council will prepare a report of its activities and recommendations for the governor and General Assembly by September 5, 2018. (Reference Executive Order 14, 2017)

Idaho

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Idaho joined Arizona, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

Illinois

Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants – updated 11/8/2017

The Illinois Clean Diesel Grant Program provides funding to local governments, school districts, school bus companies, colleges, universities, mass transit districts, businesses, and non-profit organizations to reduce diesel emissions. Funding is available statewide for school bus heaters, engine repowers of off-road equipment and marine vessels, and for natural gas and propane fleet vehicles in the Chicago area.

Alternative Fuels Tax and Reporting – added 11/8/2017

Beginning July 1, 2017, alternative fuel dealers must sell liquefied natural gas (LNG) and propane used as motor fuel in diesel gallon equivalents (DGEs). For taxation purposes, LNG and propane must be reported as DGEs and are taxed at a rate of $0.215 per DGE. One DGE is equal to 6.06 pounds (lbs.) of LNG and 6.41 lbs. of propane. Alternative fuel dealers must sell compressed natural gas (CNG) used as motor fuel in gasoline gallon equivalents (GGEs). CNG must be reported in GGEs and is taxed at a rate of $0.19 GGE. One GGE is equal to 5.66 lbs. of CNG. (Reference Senate Bill 2801, 2017)

Idle Reduction Requirement – updated 11/8/2017

A person that operates a diesel powered motor vehicle in certain counties and townships may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in motion, to idle for more than a total of 10 minutes within any one-hour period. If the vehicle is waiting to weigh, load, or unload cargo or freight, it may idle for up to 30 minutes within any one-hour period. Specified areas include the counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, and Monroe, and the townships of Oswego (Kendall County) and Aux Sable and Goose Lake (Grundy County). Exceptions apply, including those pertaining to emergency vehicles, vehicle weight, traffic, auxiliary power unit use, remote starter systems, and outside temperature. (Reference Senate Bill 1429, 2017, and 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes 5/11-1429)

Indiana

Volkswagen Settlement Allocation – added 10/20/2017

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) and the Indiana Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust Fund Committee (Committee) are responsible for establishing a plan to allocate any funds the State receives from the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement. IDEM and the Committee will ensure that the funds are distributed in alignment with the purpose of the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement; to offset oxides of nitrogen emissions from vehicles. For more information, and a list of projects eligible for funding, see the Indiana Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Program website. (Reference Executive Order 17-22, 2017)

Louisiana

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit – updated 9/11/2017

The state offers an income tax credit of 30% of the cost of converting a vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, the incremental cost of purchasing an original equipment manufacturer AFV, and the cost of alternative fueling equipment. Alternatively, a taxpayer may take a tax credit of 10% of the cost of the motor vehicle, up to $2,500. To qualify for the tax credit, vehicles must be dedicated AFVs and registered in Louisiana. Commercial vehicles should primarily be used in Louisiana and operate for at least four years. For the purpose of this incentive, alternative fuels include natural gas; propane; non-ethanol based advanced biofuels (excluding flexible fuel vehicles); and electricity if the vehicle has at least four wheels, is primarily for on-street use, can attain a minimum speed of 55 miles per hour, has a minimum battery capacity of four kilowatt-hours, and can be charged externally. Restrictions may apply. (Reference Senate Bill 172 and 243, 2017, Louisiana Administrative Code Title 61, Section 1913, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 47:6035)

Massachusetts

Support for Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation – added 11/8/2017

The Secretary of Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) will establish a working group to assess the safe development of autonomous vehicles (AV). The AV Working Group should convene and consult with experts on motor vehicle safety and vehicle automation, and work with the Legislature on any proposed AV. MassDOT, with input from the AV Working Group, should issue guidance to allow for the safe testing of automated technologies on designated state highways and on other public roadways. For more information, see the AV Working Group website. (Reference Executive Order 572)

Montana

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Montana joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

North Carolina

Autonomous Vehicle Regulations and Committee – added 9/6/2017

A fully autonomous vehicle is defined as a vehicle equipped with an automated driving system that will not require an occupant to operate the real-time and tactical control functions of the vehicle at any time.

Effective December 1, 2017, the operator of a fully autonomous vehicle is not required to be licensed to operate a motor vehicle. A person may operate a fully autonomous vehicle if the vehicle:

The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) is creating the Fully Autonomous Vehicle Committee to consider matters relevant to autonomous vehicle technology, review state motor vehicle laws, and make recommendations concerning vehicle testing, traffic rules and ordinances, and changes needed to state laws.

(Reference House Bill 469, 2017, and North Carolina General Statutes 20-400 through 20-403)

New Jersey

All-Electric Vehicle (EV) Rebate - PSE&G – updated 10/17/2017

Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G) customers are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through December 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the PSE&G Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer.

New Mexico

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

New Mexico joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

Nevada

Autonomous Technology Funding Authorization – added 9/8/2017

A regional transportation commission that operates in a Nevada county with a population of 700,000 or more may provide grants to fund projects that promote innovative transportation and transit technology, including autonomous technology. Autonomous technology is defined as technology that is installed on a motor vehicle and has the capability to drive the vehicle without the active control or monitoring of a human operator. (Reference Senate Bill 149, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 277A and 482A.025)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Demonstration Program Requirements – added 9/8/2017

The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Demonstration Program (Program) requires Nevada utilities to promote and incentivize the deployment of EVSE. Utilities must submit an annual plan for implementing the Program in their service areas to the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN). Plans may include, but are not limited to, any of the following measures:

  • Payment of incentives to customers that install EVSE;
  • Time-of-use rates for electricity used to charge plug-in electric vehicles;
  • EVSE education and awareness programs for customers; and
  • Technical assistance programs for government fleets and private organizations.
Utilities may request to recover the costs associated with carrying out the Program, including customer incentives, by filing an application with the PUCN. For more information, see the Nevada Electric Vehicle Programs and Resources website. (Reference Senate Bill 145, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 701B and 704.110)

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Nevada joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

Autonomous Vehicle Testing and Operation Requirements – added 9/8/2017

An autonomous vehicle may not be tested or operated on a highway in Nevada unless it is capable of operating in compliance with all applicable motor vehicle and traffic laws, it has been granted an exemption by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), and it meets the following requirements:

  • It is equipped with an easily accessible way for the driver to engage or disengage the autonomous driving system;
  • It contains an indicator inside of the vehicle that notifies the driver when the autonomous driving system is engaged;
  • It has a means to alert the driver to take manual control of the vehicle should the autonomous driving system fail; and
  • If operated without the direct control of the driver, it is capable of reaching a reasonably safe state as determined by the DMV, such as bringing the vehicle to a complete stop, in the event that the automated driving system fails.
Autonomous vehicles are motor vehicles equipped with technology that allows vehicle automation to perform one or more driving functions without the direct control of the driver.

(Reference Assembly Bill 69, 2017, and Nevada Revised Statutes 482A.025 through 482A.080 and 482A.100)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Infrastructure Grants – added 9/8/2017

The Nevada Office of Energy will establish the Nevada Clean Energy Fund to fund qualified clean energy projects, including any program, technology, product, or service that supports the deployment of AFVs and related infrastructure. Technologies that involve the combustion of fossil fuels are not eligible for funding. (Reference Senate Bill 407, 2017)

Oregon

Plug-In Electric Vehicle and Vehicle Efficiency Fees – added 9/11/2017

Beginning January 1, 2020, all-electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $110. Medium-speed EV owners must pay an annual fee of $58. All other vehicles must pay an annual fee in the following amounts:

Vehicle EfficiencyAnnual Fee
Vehicles with a rating of 0-19 miles per gallon (mpg)$18
Vehicles with a rating of 20-39 mpg$23
Vehicles with a rating of 40 mpg or greater$33

These fees are in addition to standard registration fees. (Reference House Bill 2017, 2017)

Clean School Bus Grants – added 9/11/2017

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality must use funds awarded to Oregon through the Volkswagen Clean Air Act Civil Settlement and deposited in the Clean Diesel Engine Fund, to award grants to owners and operators of at least 450 school buses powered by diesel engines. Eligible vehicles include buses that have at least three years of remaining useful life. Grants will be available for 30%, up to $50,000, for the purchase of a new bus or up to 100% of the cost to retrofit a school bus with emissions-reducing parts or technology that reduce diesel particulate matter emissions by at least 85%. (Reference Senate Bill 1008, 2017)

Rented Commercial Property Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Installations – added 10/10/2017

The tenant of a commercial space may submit an application to install EVSE for the use of the tenant, employees of the tenant, and customers of the tenant. Unless the premises does not have at least one parking space per rental unit, the landlord must approve a completed application no more than 60 days after the tenant submits the application. In the absence of a different tenant-landlord agreement, the EVSE will be personal property of the tenant and the tenant is responsible for all costs associated with installation and use of the EVSE. The tenant is responsible for maintaining a renter's liability insurance policy of at least $1 million. Upon the termination of the rental agreement, the landlord may require the tenant to remove the charging station and restore the premises. (Reference House Bill 2510, 2017)

Authorization of Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Rebates – added 9/11/2017

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) will establish a state rebate program for the purchase or lease of new light-duty ZEVs and PHEVs. DEQ will set the rebate amount annually. ZEVs or PHEVs with a battery capacity of 10 kilowatt-hours (kWh) or more will be eligible for rebates between $1,500 and $2,500 and ZEVs or PHEVs with a battery capacity of less than 10 kWh will be eligible for rebates between $750 and $1,500. Qualified vehicles must have a manufacturer's suggested retail price of less than $50,000.

Low- and moderate-income drivers that live in areas with elevated concentrations of air pollution will be eligible for an additional rebate of up to $2,500 for the purchase or lease of a new or used ZEV to replace a vehicle that is more than 20 years old.

(Reference House Bill 2017, 2017)

Rhode Island

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Parking Restriction – added 10/6/2017

No person can stop, stand, or park a vehicle in a parking space where there is a PEV charging station and signage indicating that parking is for PEV charging only, unless the vehicle is connected to the charging equipment. Violations will be subject to a fine of $85. (Reference Senate Bill 77, 2017, and Rhode Island General Laws 31-21-18)

Climate Change Action Plan – added 10/6/2017

The Rhode Island Executive Climate Change Coordinating Council (Council) and the State Chief Resiliency Officer will develop a statewide Action Plan to Stand Up to Climate Change (Plan) and submit the Plan to the governor by July 1, 2018. The Plan will provide recommendations to make Rhode Island's residents, economy, infrastructure (including transportation), health system, and natural resources more resilient to the impacts of climate change. (Reference Executive Order 17-10, 2017)

Utah

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Utah joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.

Wyoming

Regional Electric Vehicle (REV) West Plan – added 10/10/2017

Wyoming joined Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (Signatory States) in signing the REV West memorandum of understanding (MOU) to create an Intermountain West Electric Vehicle (EV) Corridor that will make it possible to seamlessly drive an EV across the Signatory States' major transportation corridors. Signatory States are committed to:

  • Create best practices and procedures that will enhance EV adoption by: promoting EV consumer acceptance and awareness by addressing range anxiety, coordinating on EV charging station locations, and leveraging economies of scale;
  • Create minimum standards for EV charging stations, including standards for administration, interoperability, operations, and management;
  • Identify and develop opportunities to incorporate EV charging stations into planning and development processes such as building codes, metering policies, and renewable energy generation projects;
  • Encourage EV manufacturers to stock and market a wide variety of EVs within the Signatory States; and
  • Identify, respond to, and collaborate on funding opportunities to support the development of the Plan.
The Signatory States have formed a Coordination Group composed of senior leadership from each state which will meet on a quarterly basis and report on the above actions. A final report will be completed by April 1, 2018.