Research and Development of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working with its partners in the public and private sectors to research, develop, and deploy technologies that enhance the performance of electric drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs).
Environmental and Market Analysis
EVs, PHEVs, and HEVs have potential for reduced operating costs, petroleum savings, improved national security, and environmental benefits. Research is under way to better understand and maximize these benefits, and to understand and overcome barriers to realizing them.
See the following resources for more information related to research in environmental and market analysis:
- Technology Improvement Pathways to Cost-Effective Vehicle Electrification, NREL
- Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis of PHEVs, Argonne National Laboratory
- PHEV Value Proposition Study, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
- Benefits and Challenges of Achieving a Mainstream Market for Electric Vehicles, DOE
- Battery Ownership Model: A Tool for Evaluating the Economics of Electrified Vehicles and Related Infrastructure, NREL
Advanced Vehicle Testing
DOE's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) benchmarks and validates the performance of light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles that feature electric drive technologies and other advanced vehicle technologies. With input from industry and other stakeholders, AVTA also develops test procedures to accurately measure real-world vehicle performance. Among AVTA projects is The EV Project, which collects and analyzes data to characterize plug-in vehicle use in diverse topographic and climatic conditions, evaluates the effectiveness of charging infrastructure, and conducts trials of various revenue systems for commercial and public charging infrastructure.
See the following resources for more information related to advanced vehicle testing: