Alternative Fuel Mixture Excise Tax Credit
NOTE: This incentive was retroactively extended multiple times, most recently through December 31, 2016, by H.R. 2029.
An alternative fuel blender that is registered with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may be eligible for a tax incentive on the sale or use of the alternative fuel blend (mixture) for use as a fuel in the blender's trade or business. The credit is in the amount of $0.50 per gallon of alternative fuel used to produce a mixture containing at least 0.1% gasoline, diesel, or kerosene. Qualified alternative fuels are: compressed natural gas (based on 121 cubic feet), liquefied natural gas, liquefied hydrogen, liquefied petroleum gas, P-Series fuel, liquid fuel derived from coal through the Fischer-Tropsch process, and compressed or liquefied gas derived from biomass. The incentive must first be taken as a credit against the blender's alternative fuel tax liability; any excess over this fuel tax liability may be claimed as a direct payment from the IRS. The tax credit is not allowed if an incentive for the same alternative fuel is also determined under the rules for the ethanol or biodiesel tax credits. Under current law, this tax credit is applicable to fuel sold or used between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Publication 510 and IRS Forms 637, 720, 4136, and 8849, which are available on the IRS Forms and Publications website. (Reference Public Law 114-113 and 26 U.S. Code 6426)
Point of Contact
Excise Tax Branch
U.S. Internal Revenue Service Office of Chief Counsel
Phone: (202) 317-6855