Charging Plug-In Electric Vehicles in Public
For fleet drivers and consumers to charge their all-electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in public, charging stations must be deployed and integrated with consideration for daily commutes and typical driving habits.
Public charging stations make all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles more convenient. Although the majority of early EV and PHEV owners will charge at single-family homes, public charging stations can increase the daily useful range of EVs and reduce the amount of gasoline consumed by PHEVs.
General public charging will use AC Level 2 or DC fast charging. Charging stations should be located where vehicle owners are highly concentrated, such as shopping centers, city parking lots and garages, airports, hotels, government offices, and other businesses.
Read more from Project Get Ready about infrastructure costs and charging infrastructure development.
Learn about the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities infrastructure projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and other infrastructure deployment projects.
The ability to charge at work can potentially double the daily feasible commuting range for an EV or a PHEV driver.
With proper workplace charging implementation, building managers can provide significant value to their occupants at relatively little cost. However, charging at work during peak electricity demand may lead to higher electricity bills for the facility manager.
Learn about the U.S. Department of Energy's EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge that aims to increase the number of U.S. employers offering workplace charging tenfold by 2018. Employers and workers can find information about workplace charging implementation in Clean Cities' Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Workplace Charging Hosts.
Fleets that choose to incorporate EVs and/or PHEVs into their operations must account for several factors when planning for charging stations. Duty cycles, drive cycles, routes, garaging locations, vehicle models, and availability of off-site public charging stations can all factor into decisions about the number, location, and type(s) of charging units. City planners, fleet managers, and utilities can work together with installers to determine the best locations. For more information, see Clean Cities' Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers.