Recent State Actions
Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.
Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers residential customers a $599 rebate or a free Level 2 (240 volt) plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charger. Rebates or chargers are available to SMUD residential customers with the purchase or lease of a new PEV. To be eligible for the rebate or charger, completed applications must be postmarked within 180 days of the date of purchase or lease of the PEV. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the rebate application, please see SMUD's Drive Electric Incentive website.
Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) provides rebates of $500 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household or their tenant in a multifamily household with the vehicle owner's permission. For more information, see the PG&E Clean Fuel Rebate website.
San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) offers an annual credit of $50 to customers who own or lease a PEV. The credit is available to qualified customers through 2020. For more information, including how to apply, see the SDG&E Electric Vehicle Climate Credit website.
The Georgia Joint Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Study Committee evaluated how providing market incentives for AFV fueling infrastructure may lead to AFV and infrastructure deployment. The Committee published a summary report of its main findings. For more information, see the Joint Study Committee website.
Georgia Power offers a rebate to residential customers and builders who install Level 2 (208/240 volt) EVSE. Residential customers are eligible for a $250 rebate and new home construction builders are eligible for a $100 rebate for each dedicated circuit installed from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017. Other conditions may apply. For more information, see the Georgia Power Electric Vehicles website.
In addition to standard registration fees, plug-in electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $140 and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle owners must pay an annual fee of $75. Neighborhood electric vehicles are exempt from the fee. (Reference House Bill 20, 2017, and Idaho Statutes 49-402 and 49-457)
The Indiana Office of Energy Development and the Indiana Corn Marketing Council administer the Hoosier Homegrown Fuels Blender Pump Program (HHF Program). The HHF Program provides grants to increase public fueling infrastructure availability for higher blends of ethanol. Funds are available to eligible applicants for 70% to 79% of the purchase price of E15 to E85 blender pumps and related hardware. Qualifying dispensers must be available for public use and must dispense higher ethanol blends for a minimum period of five years. Applications are due by April 25, 2017. For more information, see the HHF Program website.
The Kentucky General Assembly must approve the allocation of any funds the Commonwealth receives from the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust Agreement. Kentucky will hold all funds received from the environmental mitigation trust pursuant to the Partial Consent Decree in a trust and agency account. (Reference House Bill 471, 2017)
Owners and operators of public EVSE that require payment must provide payment options that allow access by the public. In addition, payment should not require users to pay a subscription fee or obtain a membership of any kind; however, required fees may be conditional on such memberships. Owners and operators can impose reasonable restrictions on EVSE use, such as limiting access to visitors of the business. In addition, owners and operators of public EVSE must provide the location, hours of operation, payment, and characteristics of each EVSE for the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
A city or town may restrict certain parking areas for ZEVs, which includes all-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles. A person who is found responsible for a violation of the restricted parking area may be subject to a penalty of no more than $50 and the vehicle may be removed from the parking spot. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
The Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Commission, and Department of State Police will issue a feasibility study on authorizing ZEVs, including battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, or fuel cell vehicles, for use in HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. The study will cover existing capacity in HOV lanes, the impact of ZEVs on HOV lanes, and how to identify ZEVs to ensure appropriate HOV lane access. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
The Massachusetts State Board of Building Regulations and Standards and the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources will develop building and electric code requirements for residential and appropriate commercial buildings for EVSE. The regulations may vary, depending on whether or not an EVSE is already installed or will be installed. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
All diesel fuel sold for use in on-road motor vehicles to state agencies, political subdivisions of the state, and public schools must contain at least 5% biodiesel (B5). Effective April 10, 2017, all diesel fuel sold to consumers for use in on-road motor vehicles is mandated to contain at least B5. (Reference New Mexico Statutes 57-19-28 and 57-19-29)
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provides rebates of up to $2,000 for the purchase or lease of a new eligible plug-in electric vehicle. An eligible vehicle must:
- Be a four-wheeled motor vehicle manufactured for use on public streets, roads, and highways,
- Have a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 8,500 pounds,
- Have a maximum speed of at least 55 mph, and
- Be propelled at least in part by an electric motor and associated power electronics that draws electricity from a hydrogen fuel cell or from a battery that has a battery capacity of at least four kilowatt-hours, and is capable of being charged from an external source of electricity.
Rebate amounts vary based on a vehicle's all-electric range and manufacturer's suggested retail price. For more information, see NYSERDA's Drive Clean Rebate website.
The Rhode Island Clean Diesel Fund provides companies with reimbursement grants to reduce emissions from heavy-duty diesel vehicles. Qualified vehicle improvements include vehicle replacements, conversions to alternative vehicle fuels, and idle reduction technologies. To be eligible, vehicles must be registered with the Rhode Island Department of Motor Vehicles, and 50% of the vehicle miles travelled or hours of operation must be in Rhode Island for at least five years following receiving the grant. Applications will be accepted through May 9, 2017. For more information, including eligibility and application requirements, see the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management Clean Diesel Fund website. (Reference Rhode Island General Laws 31-47.3-5.1).
Businesses that convert natural gas to hydrogen fuel, or produce natural gas solely for use in the production of hydrogen fuel for zero emission motor vehicles, may be eligible for an oil and gas severance tax credit. Each eligible applicant may receive a tax credit equal to the amount of the severance tax owed, up to $5,000,000 per year. Entities that produce hydrogen fuel for use in zero emission motor vehicles or hydrogen fueled trucks may also qualify for grant funding or loans from the Community Impact Fund. (Reference House Bill 405, 2017 and Utah Code 35A-8-302 and 59-5-102)
The Utah Legislature encourages the citizens of Utah to consider the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency vehicle smog rating and other environmental impacts when purchasing a vehicle. The Utah Legislature suggests that auto dealers make vehicle smog ratings known to customers and that customers purchase vehicles with a smog rating of eight or higher. (Reference House Concurrent Resolution 18, 2017)
Compressed natural gas (CNG) and hydrogen are taxed at a rate of $0.125 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is taxed at a rate of $0.125 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. One GGE is equal to 5.660 pounds (lbs.) of CNG or 2.198 lbs. of hydrogen. One DGE is equal to 6.06 lbs. of LNG. (Reference Utah Code 59-13-301)
Qualified taxpayers are eligible for a tax credit for the purchase of a qualified heavy-duty AFV. Qualifying fuels include natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen. Each qualified heavy-duty AFV is eligible for the following tax credit amounts:
At least 50% of the qualified vehicle's miles must be driven in the state. A single taxpayer may not claim credits for more than 10 AFVs annually or a total annual amount of $500,000. If more than 30% of the total available tax credits in a single year have not been claimed by May 1, a taxpayer may apply for credits on an additional eight AFVs. Up to 25% of the tax credits are reserved for taxpayers with small fleets of less than 40 vehicles. This credit expires December 31, 2020. Additional conditions and restrictions may apply.
Beginning July 1, 2017, school boards may operate retail, fee-based PEV charging infrastructure on school property. Access during school hours must be restricted to employees, students, and authorized visitors only. PEV charging infrastructure must be accompanied by appropriate signage that details these restrictions. (Reference House Bill 2431, 2017 and Virginia Code 22.1-131, 56-1.2, 56-1.2:1, and 56-232.2:1)
The Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) administers a program to certify NGV mechanics and technicians. For application and certification information, see the DPOR Natural Gas Automobile Mechanics Advisory Board website. (Reference Virginia Code 54.1-2355 through 54.1-2358 and Virginia Administrative Code 18-120-50)