Recent State Actions

Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.

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Alabama

Alternative Fuel and Idle Reduction Revolving Loan Program for Private Entities – updated 8/22/2016

The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs provides an energy efficiency and renewable energy loan through its AlabamaSAVES program to commercial, industrial, and non-profit entities. Eligible energy efficiency improvements include those involving idle reduction equipment, natural gas and propane vehicle conversions or purchases, and alternative fueling infrastructure installation at existing facilities in Alabama. Dedicated and bi-fuel vehicles are eligible, and the loan may cover incremental and conversion costs. For additional information, see the AlabamaSAVES website.

Alternative Fuel and Idle Reduction Revolving Loan Program for Public Entities – updated 8/22/2016

The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs provides low-interest energy efficiency loans through its Local Government Energy Loan program to local governments and educational institutions. Eligible energy efficiency improvement projects include those involving idle reduction equipment and natural gas and propane vehicle conversions or purchases. Dedicated and bi-fuel vehicles are eligible, and the loan may cover incremental and conversion costs. Local governments and public colleges and universities can borrow up to $350,000; K-12 public schools may borrow up to $350,000 per campus or $500,000 per school system. The minimum loan amount is $50,000 and the maximum loan term is five years. The program is not currently accepting applications (verified August 2016).

California

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lane Exemption – updated 8/15/2016

Compressed natural gas (CNG), hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. White Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available to an unlimited number of qualifying CNG, hydrogen, and electric vehicles. Green Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available for the first 85,000 applicants that purchase or lease a qualified PHEV. Both stickers will expire January 1, 2019. These vehicles are also eligible for reduced rates or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. As of December 18, 2015, the Green Clean Air Vehicle Stickers limit was reached. The DMV continues to accept applications without payment should additional stickers be authorized. For more information, including a list of qualifying vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Lane Use Stickers website. (Reference California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)

Colorado

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Tax Credit – added 7/6/2016

PEVs, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), titled and registered in Colorado are eligible for a tax credit. Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) light-duty PEVs registered between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016 are eligible for a tax credit equal to the actual cost incurred to purchase or lease the vehicle, multiplied by the battery capacity, and divided by 100, not to exceed $6,000. Conversions of light-duty vehicles to PEVs are eligible for a tax credit equal to 75% to the actual cost of the conversion.

Through December 31, 2016, OEM PEV trucks are eligible for a tax credit of 18% of the manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) for purchased vehicles and 55% of the actual cost paid for conversions. The tax credit should not exceed $7,500 for light-duty trucks, $15,000 for medium-duty trucks, or $20,000 for heavy-duty trucks for both OEM and converted vehicles. The actual cost paid or MSRP must account for federal credits, grants, or rebates; therefore taxpayers must subtract credits, grants, or rebates amounts before applying the percentage calculations. For more information, see the Colorado Department of Revenue's Income 67 FYI publication.

Beginning January 1, 2017, the tax credit will be applied in the amounts below:

Category2017-201920202021
Light-duty EV or PHEV$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,000 for lease$2,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease
Light-duty electric truck$7,000 for purchase or conversion; $3,500 for lease$5,500 for purchase or conversion; $2,750 for lease$3,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease
Medium-duty electric truck$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $4,000 for lease$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease
Heavy-duty electric truck$20,000 for purchase or conversion; $10,000 for lease$16,000 for purchase or conversion; $8,000 for lease$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease

Also beginning January 1, 2017, eligible purchased vehicles must be new, and eligible leased vehicles must have a lease with a term of not less than two years. A purchaser may assign the tax credit generated through the purchase, lease, or conversion to any of the above categories of vehicle to the financing entity, allowing the purchaser to realize the value of the tax credit at the time of purchase, lease, or conversion. The financing entity may collect an administrative fee of no more than $150.

(Reference House Bill 16-1332, 2016, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.5, 39-22-516.7, and 39-22-516.8)

Diesel-Electric Hybrid Vehicle Tax Credit – added 7/6/2016

Diesel-electric hybrid vehicles that are titled and registered in Colorado are eligible for a tax credit. Light-duty diesel electric hybrid passenger vehicles with a minimum fuel economy of 70 miles per gallon are eligible for a credit of 15% of the difference of the actual cost of purchasing or leasing the vehicle and purchasing or leasing the same or most similar traditional fuel vehicle.

Light-duty passenger vehicles, light-duty trucks, or medium-duty diesel-electric truck conversions that increases the original fuel economy by at least 40% are eligible for a tax credit equal to 25% of the actual cost of the conversion.

These tax credits expire January 1, 2017.

(Reference House Bill 16-1332, 2016, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.5, 39-22-516.7, and 39-22-516.8)

Alternative Fuel Tax Credit – added 7/6/2016

Alternative fuel vehicles titled and registered in Colorado are eligible for a tax credit. For the purpose of the credit, alternative fuels vehicles include dedicated or bi-fuel natural gas, propane, and hydrogen vehicles. Through December 31, 2016, purchased or leased vehicles are eligible for 18% of the actual cost of the vehicle, while converted vehicles are eligible for 55% of the actual cost of the conversion. The actual cost paid must account for federal credits, grants, or rebates; therefore taxpayers must subtract credits, grants, or rebates amounts before applying the percentage calculations. The tax credit is capped based on vehicle type in the amounts listed:

CategoryCap per income tax year
Light-duty passenger motor vehicle$6,000
Light-duty truck$7,500
Medium-duty truck$15,000
Heavy-duty truck$20,000

For more information, see the Colorado Department of Revenue's Income 67 FYI publication.

Beginning January 1, 2017, the tax credit will be applied in the amounts below:

Category2017-201920202021
Light-duty passenger motor vehicle$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease$4,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,000 for lease$2,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,500 for lease
Light-duty truck$7,000 for purchase or conversion; $3,500 for lease$5,500 for purchase or conversion; $2,750 for lease$3,500 for purchase or conversion; $1,750 for lease
Medium-duty truck$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease$8,000 for purchase or conversion; $4,000 for lease$5,000 for purchase or conversion; $2,500 for lease
Heavy-duty truck$20,000 for purchase or conversion; $10,000 for lease$16,000 for purchase or conversion; $8,000 for lease$10,000 for purchase or conversion; $5,000 for lease

Also beginning January 1, 2017, eligible purchased vehicles must be new, and eligible leased vehicles must have a lease with a term of not less than two years. A purchaser may assign the tax credit generated through the purchase, lease, or conversion to any of the above categories of vehicle to the financing entity, allowing the purchaser to realize the value of the tax credit at the time of purchase, lease, or conversion. The financing entity may collect an administrative fee of no more than $150.

(Reference House Bill 16-1332, 2016, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.5, 39-22-516.7, and 39-22-516.8)

Fuel Reduction Technology Tax Credit – updated 7/7/2016

Fuel reduction technologies are eligible for a tax credit equal to a percentage of the actual cost paid for the technology. The actual cost paid must account for eligible federal credits, grants, or rebates; therefore taxpayers must subtract credits, grants, or rebates amounts before applying the percentage calculations listed below. Beginning January 1, 2017, hydraulic hybrid trailers are eligible for a fixed tax credit rather than a percentage.

Category2014-20162017-2018201920202021
Idle reduction technologies25%25%25%25%25%
Aerodynamic technologies25%25%25%25%25%
Clean fuel refrigerated trailer18%15%11.25%7.5%3.75%
Conversion to a clean fuel refrigerated trailer55%45%33.75%22.5%11.25%
Hydraulic hybrid trailer55%$5,000$5,000$4,000$2,500

Also beginning January 1, 2017, a purchaser of a converted hydraulic hybrid trailer may assign the tax credit to the financing entity, allowing the purchaser to realize the value of the tax credit at the time of conversion. The financing entity may collect an administrative fee of no more than $150.

(Reference House Bill 16-1332, 2016, and Colorado Revised Statutes 39-22-516.5, 39-22-516.7, and 39-22-516.8)

Hydrogen Fueling Station Regulations – added 7/12/2016

The Colorado Department of Labor and Employment, Division of Oil and Public Safety (Division), must create rules concerning retail hydrogen fueling stations. The rules must include information regarding inspections, specifications, shipment notification, record keeping, labeling of containers, use of meters or mechanical devices for measurement, submittal of installation plans, and minimum standards for the design, construction, location, installation, and operation of stations. The rules must be developed by January 11, 2017 and the Division will begin enforcing the rules on July 1, 2017. (Reference House Bill 16-1053, 2016)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Weight Limit Exemption – updated 7/12/2016

Gross vehicle weight rating limits for AFVs are 1,000 pounds greater than those for comparable conventional vehicles, as long as the AFVs operate using an alternative fuel or both alternative and conventional fuel, when operating on a highway that is not part of the interstate system. For the purpose of this exemption, alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other fuels, electricity, or any other fuels, which may include clean diesel and reformulated gasoline, so long as the Colorado Air Quality Control Commission determines that these other fuels result in comparable reductions in carbon monoxide emissions and brown cloud pollutants. (Reference House Bill 16-1298, 2016, and Colorado Revised Statutes 42-4-508 and 25-7-106.8)

Connecticut

Hydrogen and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebate – updated 7/12/2016

The Hydrogen and Electric Automobile Purchase Rebate Program (CHEAPR) offers rebates for the incremental cost of the purchase or lease of a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), all-electric vehicle (EV), or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). Rebates are offered based on battery capacity in the following amounts:

Eligible FCEV, EV, or PHEVs purchased or leased before July 1, 2016:

Rebate AmountRequired Battery Capacity
$3,000Greater than 18 kWh or any fuel cell electric vehicle
$1,5007 to 8 kWh
$750Less than 7 kWh

Eligible FCEV, EV, or PHEVs purchased or leased on or after July 1, 2016:

Vehicle TypeRebate AmountRequired Battery Capacity
PHEV$3,000Greater than 18 kWh
$1,50010 to 18 kWh
$750Less than 10 kWh
EV$3,000Greater than 25 kWh
$1,50020 to 25 kWh
$750Less than 20 kWh
FCEV$5,000-

Rebates are offered on a first-come, first-served basis until funds expire. For more information, see the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection EV Connecticut website.

Public Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Requirements – added 7/12/2016

Owners and operators of public EVSE that require payment must allow multiple payment options that allow access by the public. In addition, payment should not require users to pay a subscription fee or obtain a membership of any kind, however payment required may be based on price schedules for such memberships. Owners and operators can impose restrictions on the amount of a time a vehicle can use the EVSE.

In addition, owners and operators of a public EVSE must disclose the location and characteristics of each EVSE to the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center. Information that must be disclosed includes, but is not limited to, address, voltage, and timing restrictions.

(Reference House Bill 5510, 2016)

Utility Company Electric Vehicle (EV) Rates – added 7/12/2016

By June 1, 2017, utility companies must evaluate if it is appropriate to implement EV time of day rates for residential and commercial customers. A time of day rate means a rate for EVs that is designed to reflect the cost of electricity to the consumer at different times of the day. (Reference House Bill 5510, 2016 and Connecticut General Statutes 16-19f)

Utility Company Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Load Projection Requirement – added 7/12/2016

The Public Utilities Regulatory Authority requires electric distribution companies to integrate EV charging load projections into distribution planning. Projections will be based on the number of EVs registered in the state as well as on projected fluctuation in EV sales. By January 1, 2017, and annually thereafter, electric distribution companies must publish a report detailing the EV charging load projections for the company's distribution planning. (Reference House Bill 5510, 2016)

Integrated Resources Plan Report – added 7/12/2016

The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection (Commissioner), in consultation with the electric distribution companies, must deliver a plan to the Commissioner that analyzes, among other things, the potential for electric vehicles (EVs) to provide energy storage and other services to the electric grid, and identify strategies to ensure that the grid is prepared to support increased EV charging based on projections of sales of EVs. The report must be delivered by January 1, 2018, and biennially thereafter. (Reference House Bill 5510, 2016 and Connecticut General Statutes 16a-3a)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Registration Data – added 7/12/2016

By January 1, 2018, the Department of Motor Vehicles (Department) should record the number of EVs registered in Connecticut. An EV is defined as any battery electric, fuel cell, plug-in hybrid, or range-extended battery electric vehicle. The data should be publicly available on the Department's website and include the number of EVs registered in state each year, and the total number of EVs registered in the state. The information should be updated every six months. (Reference House Bill 5510, 2016, and Connecticut General Statutes 14-12)

Public Utility Definition – added 7/12/2016

An owner of an electric vehicle charging station is not defined as a public utility. (Reference House Bill 5510, 2016, and Connecticut General Statutes 16-19f)

Delaware

State Fleet Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction – added 9/26/2016

The Cabinet Committee on Climate and Resiliency (CCoCAR) oversees the development and implementation of agency-specific, actionable recommendations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The CCoCAR's Mitigation Workgroup recommended that Delaware adopt a mitigation target of 30% GHG emissions reduction from a 2008 baseline by 2030. The Mitigation Workgroup proposed that Delaware Department of Transportation purchase and deploy lower emission light-duty vehicles equal to 10% of its fleet by 2020. For more information, see The Climate Framework for Delaware website. (Reference Executive Order 41, 2013)

Hawaii

Renewable Fuels Production Incentive – added 7/8/2016

Renewable fuels produced from renewable feedstocks, such as ethanol, hydrogen, biodiesel, and biofuel, may qualify for an income tax credit equal to $0.20 per 76,000 British thermal units (BTUs) of renewable fuels sold for distribution in Hawaii. The facility must produce at least 15 billion BTUs of its nameplate capacity annually to receive the tax credit and may claim the tax credit for up to five years, not to exceed $3,000,000 annually. Qualifying renewable fuel production facilities (Producers) must provide written notification of their intent to produce renewable fuels before becoming eligible for the tax credit. Producers must provide a written update within thirty days from the start of production, providing a forecast of anticipated production for one year. The tax credits are available from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2021. Additional restrictions apply. (Reference Senate Bill 2652, 2016)

Iowa

Workplace and Public Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Alliant Energy – added 8/24/2016

Alliant Energy offers a rebate to commercial and industrial customers who purchase and install Level 2 EVSE for use by their employees or the public. The rebate is $1,000 for the purchase of a single connector EVSE, and $1,500 for a dual connector EVSE. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. For more information, including eligibility requirements and how to apply, see the Alliant Energy rebates website.

Kansas

Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive – updated 8/11/2016

A licensed retail motor fuel dealer may receive a quarterly incentive for selling and dispensing renewable fuels, including biodiesel. A qualified motor fuel dealer is eligible for up to $0.065 for every gallon of renewable fuel sold and up to $0.03 for every gallon of biodiesel sold, if the required threshold percentage is met. The threshold is determined by calculating the percent of total gasoline sales that is renewable fuel or biodiesel. For renewable fuel, the threshold increases incrementally on an annual basis from 10% in 2009 to 25% beginning on January 1, 2024. For biodiesel, the threshold increases incrementally on an annual basis from 2% in 2009 to 25% in 2025. No funding is available for this incentive through June 30, 2018 (confirmed July 2016). (Reference Kansas Statutes 79-34,171 through 79-34,176)

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate Pilot Program - Kansas Gas Service – added 8/11/2016

Kansas Gas Service offers rebates for NGV purchases or conversions in the amount of $1,000 for a dedicated or bi-fuel vehicle. Vehicles must be purchased or converted after February 2, 2016, and each applicant is limited to three rebates per calendar year. Compressed natural gas equipment must be certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or California Air Resources Board. Kansas Gas Service will distribute rebates on a first-come, first-served basis, until program funds are exhausted. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the rebate application form, please see the CNG Rebate Program website.

Louisiana

Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption – added 9/12/2016

A vehicle powered by compressed or liquefied natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and a comparable diesel tank system, up to 2,000 pounds. This exemption applies on all state roads and interstate highways. (Reference House Bill 591, 2016, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 32:286.

Maryland

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate - BGE – added 8/25/2016

Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) offers a time-of-use (TOU) rate for BGE residential customers who purchase or lease a PEV. The TOU rate, Schedule EV, applies to the energy used for the entire residence during a billing period. Participation requires a meter capable of measuring TOU data. For more information, see Schedule EV.

Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Grants – updated 8/23/2016

The Maryland Energy Administration administers the Maryland Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Program (AFIP), which provides grants to develop public access alternative fueling and charging infrastructure. Only Maryland-based private businesses are eligible, and projects must take place in the state. Grant awards will range from $35,000 to $500,000 and applicant cost share must be at least 50%. Applications will be accepted on a competitive basis through February 10, 2017. For more information, including application requirements, see the Maryland AFIP Program website.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate Program – updated 8/5/2016

The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) offers an EVSE rebate program available to an individual, business, or state or local government entity for the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE. Between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2017, rebate amounts are equal to the following amounts, up to 50% of the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE:

Qualified EntityAmount
Individual$900
Business or State or Local Government$5,000
Retail Service Station Dealer$7,500

The rebate is limited to one EVSE per individual. Applicants must demonstrate compliance with state, local, and/or federal law that applies to the installation or operation of qualified EVSE. Other requirements may apply. Total funding for each fiscal year will not exceed $600,000. Applications will be accepted through June 30, 2017, or until funding is exhausted. For more information, see MEA's EVSE Rebate Program page.

(Reference Maryland Statutes, Business Regulation Code10-101 and State Government Code 9-2009)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Voucher Program – updated 8/5/2016

The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) administers the Maryland Freedom Fleet Voucher (FFV) Program, which provides vouchers for the purchase of new and converted AFVs registered in Maryland. Eligible vehicles include purchased or leased light-, medium-, and heavy-duty dedicated natural gas, propane, hybrid electric, plug-in electric, and hydraulic hybrid vehicles. Vehicles must be used by commercial, non-profit, or public entities. Voucher amounts are based on gross vehicle weight rating and are capped at 50% of the vehicle's incremental cost; the cap does not apply to plug-in electric vehicles. Funds are not guaranteed until voucher agreements are fully executed. The FFV Program is accepting applications until May 5, 2017. For more information, including application requirements, see the Maryland FFV Program website.

Minnesota

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Charging Rate Incentive - Connexus Energy – updated 8/4/2016

Connexus Energy offers reduced electric rates to residential customers in their service territory who charge PEVs. To participate, customers may contact their own electrician or Connexus Energy's electrician to install the metering equipment. The meter must be permitted and inspected. For more information, see Conexus Energy's Electric Vehicle page.

Authorization for Biofuel Production Grants – updated 8/4/2016

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture may establish a program to provide grants to biofuel producers for up to $2.1053 per million British Thermal Unit (MMbtu) for advanced biofuel produced from cellulosic biomass and $1.053 per MMbtu for advanced biofuel produced from sugar- or starch-based crops. Eligible facilities must obtain 80% of their feedstocks from Minnesota; begin production by June 30, 2025; and not produce more than 23,750 MMbtu of biofuel quarterly before July 1, 2015. Additional requirements apply. Payments will not be made for production that occurs after June 30, 2035. (Reference House File 2749, 2016, and Minnesota Statutes 41A.15, 41A.16, and 239.051)

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate - Connexus Energy – added 8/4/2016

Connexus Energy offers a $500 rebate to residential customers towards the installation of a qualified Level 2 EVSE. Eligible applicants must enroll in a time-of-use rate. Customers must submit applications by December 31, 2016. For more information, visit the Dakota Electric ChargeWise website.

Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption – added 8/4/2016

A vehicle powered by natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle vehicle weight limits by the amount of weight calculated as provided under U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 23, section 127(s), not to exceed 2,000 pounds. (Reference House File 3588, 2016, and Minnesota Statutes 169.824)

Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) – updated 8/4/2016

MPA offers rebates up to $4,000 to customers for the purchase of a new propane vehicle or the conversion of an existing vehicle to propane. To qualify, vehicles must be registered in Minnesota and conversion systems must be certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. For a new vehicle, the rebate may only cover the incremental cost of the propane vehicle over the conventional gasoline counterpart. Incentives will be available until all program funds are exhausted. The rebate is available through October 31, 2016.

Missouri

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Decal – updated 8/11/2016

The state motor fuel tax does not apply to passenger vehicles, certain buses, or commercial vehicles that are powered by an alternative fuel, if they obtain an AFV decal. Owners or operators of such vehicles that also own or operate their own personal fueling stations are required to pay an annual alternative fuel decal fee, as listed below. Hybrid electric vehicles and motor vehicles licensed as historic vehicles are exempt from the alternative fuel decal requirement.

Gross Vehicle WeightType of VehicleDecal Fee
18,000 pounds (lbs.) or lessPassenger, School Bus, or Commercial$75
18,001 lbs.-36,000 lbs.Farm or Farming Transportation with an 'F' License Plate$100
18,001 lbs.-36,000 lbs.Passenger-Carrying and Other Motor Vehicles$150
36,000 lbs. or moreFarm or Farming Transportation with an 'F' License Plate$250
36,000 lbs. or moreAll Other Motor Vehicles$1,000

Owners and operators of passenger motor vehicles, buses, or commercial motor vehicles that are powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) may continue to apply for and use the alternative fuel decal in lieu of paying the CNG and LNG tax, as long as the owner/operator has installed a natural gas fueling station used solely to fuel their vehicle. For more information, see the Missouri Department of Revenue Special Fuel Decals page.

(Reference Missouri Revised Statutes 142.803 and 142.869)

Renewable Fuel Distributor and Vehicle Manufacturer Liability Protection – added 8/11/2016

Renewable fuel refiners, suppliers, terminals, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, and motor vehicle manufacturers and dealers are not liable for property damages related to a customer's purchase of renewable fuel, including blends, if the consumer selected the fuel for use. Motor fuel blended with any amount of renewable fuel will not be considered a defective product provided the fuel compiles with motor fuel quality regulations. (Reference Senate Bill 657, 2016 and Missouri Revised Statutes 414.255)

State Energy Plan – updated 8/11/2016

The Missouri Department of Economic Development's Division of Energy developed a comprehensive state energy plan to include information related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, as well as electric generation, fuels and resource extraction, energy distribution, energy usage, energy storage, energy-related land use issues, energy prices, energy security, and emergency resource planning. For more information, see the Missouri Energy Plan website. (Reference Executive Orders 15-02, 2015, and 14-06, 2014)

North Carolina

Electric Vehicle (EV) Annual Fee – updated 9/13/2016

The owner of an EV that does not rely on a non-electric source of power must pay a fee of $130 in addition to any other required registration fees at the time of initial registration and annual registration renewal. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 20-87)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Support – updated 9/13/2016

The Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) project provides grant funding to reducing transportation-related emissions in nonattainment and maintenance counties for National Ambient Air Quality Standards. A project that is adjacent to these areas may also be eligible for funding if the project will reduce emissions in eligible counties. The North Carolina Department of Transportation funds the CFAT project, which covers three broad areas: education and outreach; project funding; and recognition of exemplary activities. For 2016-2017 funding cycles, financial support is available for AFVs, fueling infrastructure, idle reduction technologies, vehicle telematics, and diesel retrofits. For more information, including current requests for proposals, see the CFAT website.

Alternative Fuel and Idle Reduction Grants – updated 9/12/2016

The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Air Quality provides grants for the incremental cost of original equipment manufacturer alternative fuel vehicles, vehicle conversions, and implementing idle reduction programs. Funding is not currently available for this incentive (verified August 2016). For more information see the Diesel Emission Reductions Grants website.

New Hampshire

Fossil Fuel Use Reduction – updated 9/14/2016

The state will reduce aggregate fossil fuel use across all owned facilities as compared to a 2005 baseline by 30% by 2020, 40% by 2025, and 50% by 2030. A State Government Energy Committee (SGEC) will advise the State Energy Manager and the State Fleet Manager about energy management within state buildings, operations, and fleets. The state passenger vehicle fleet must also reach the 30% reduction target compared to the 2010 metric ton baseline by 2030. The State Energy Manager, State Fleet Manager, and SGEC will develop performance metrics by December 30, 2016, and agencies and departments will report on progress in their fiscal year 2018 Energy Conservation Plans. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)

State Agency Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Procurement – added 9/14/2016

The state must pursue PEV procurement opportunities for use in the state fleet and must install EVSE for use by state agencies. Where feasible and recommended by the State Government Energy Committee, state offices with more than 50 employees may also make EVSE available for employees, as long as energy cost is reimbursed by users. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)

Oklahoma

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas – updated 7/26/2016

Oklahoma Natural Gas (ONG) offers rebates for NGVs purchased or converted after June 20, 2016, in the amount of $2,000 for a dedicated NGV and $2,000 for a bi-fuel vehicle. ONG also offers $3,000 toward the cost of a compressed natural gas home fueling station or appliance. Rebates are available on a first come, first served basis and are limited to three rebates per applicant, per calendar year. For more information, including rebate fund availability, see the ONG CNG Rebate Program website.

Natural Gas Vehicle Weight Exemption – added 8/17/2016

A vehicle powered in whole or part by compressed or liquefied natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle weight limits by up to 2,000 pounds, equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and fueling system and the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling system. The exemption is allowed on all state roads and interstate highways, as defined in Title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations section 127(s). (Reference Senate Bill 1317, 2016, and Oklahoma Statutes 47-14-109.3)

Alternative Fuels Technician Certificates – added 8/17/2016

The Department of Labor (DOL) will issue a certificate to any person who has successfully passed the appropriate alternative fuels equipment, alternative fuels compression, or electric vehicle technician examination as provided in the Alternative Fuels Technician Certification Act. A certification fee applies. For companies, partnerships, or corporations involved in the business of installing, servicing, repairing, modifying, or renovating equipment used in converting or modifying engines or fueling equipment to be used with alternative fuels, DOL will issue a separate certificate.

DOL can issue an alternative fuels trainee certificate to any person who submits a trainee application within 15 business days of being hired by a licensed alternative fuels conversion or fueling station installation company.

(Reference House Bill 2622, 2016, and Oklahoma Statutes 40-142.8)

Committee of Alternative Fuels Technician Examiners – added 8/17/2016

The Committee of Alternative Fuels Technician Examiners (Committee) was established to assist the Commissioner of Labor on matters relating to the formulation of rules and standards to comply with the Alternative Fuels Technician Certification Act. The Committee consists of eight members, including experts in the natural gas and electric vehicle industries. (Reference House Bill 2622, 2016, and Oklahoma Statutes 40-142.6)

Rhode Island

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Rebates – added 9/14/2016

The Charge Up! program provides rebates to state and municipal agencies for the purchase and installation of publicly accessible Level 2 or DC fast chargers. Agencies are eligible for up to $60,000 in incentives for EVSE that are installed and operational on or after July 1, 2016. Agencies that install EVSE also qualify for up to $15,000 to support the purchase or lease of a new PEV acquired on or after July 1, 2016, as part of their public sector fleet. For more information, see the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources Charge Up! website.

South Carolina

Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit – added 8/9/2016

An income tax credit is available for 25% of the cost to purchase, construct, and install qualified alternative fueling infrastructure. Qualified property includes equipment used to distribute, dispense, or store alternative fuel. Eligible fuels include natural gas and propane. The entire credit must be taken in three equal annual installments beginning with the taxable year in which the facility is placed into service. Unused credits may be carried forward for up to ten succeeding taxable years. A taxpayer may transfer the tax credit to eligible agencies after notifying the South Carolina Department of Revenue. This tax credit expires January 1, 2026. (Reference Senate Bill 1122, 2016)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Revolving Loan Program for Private Entities – updated 8/9/2016

The South Carolina Business Development Corporation provides low interest loans for a variety of energy efficiency improvements, including AFV conversions and incremental costs, with qualified project payback periods. Eligible recipients include business and industries; utilities, non-profit organizations, and government entities may be eligible under special conditions. The loan may cover up to 100% of the project costs ranging from $50,000 to $1 million and must be repaid after one and one half times the projected payback period of the loan. No funding is currently available (verified July 2016). For more information, see the Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan website. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws 48-52-650)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Revolving Loan Program for Public Entities – updated 8/9/2016

The South Carolina Energy Office (SCEO) provides low interest loans for a variety of energy efficiency improvements, including AFV conversions and incremental costs, with qualified project payback periods. Eligible recipients include state agencies, local governments, public colleges and universities, school districts, and private non-profit organizations. Private non-profit organizations and local government entities may be eligible for loans of up to 100% of eligible project costs ranging from $25,000 to $500,000 per state fiscal year. For state agencies and public educational institutions, SCEO will provide 70% of each project's funding as a loan and entities may also be eligible for ConserFund Plus grant of up to 30% project cost. For more information, see the ConserFund website. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws 48-52-650)

Clean Energy Advisory Commission – updated 8/9/2016

The South Carolina Clean Energy Industry Manufacturing Market Development Advisory Commission (Commission) will assist with the development of clean energy technologies, materials, and products, including advanced vehicle, alternative transportation fuel, battery manufacturing, and hydrogen fuel cell industries. The Commission issued a final report in September 2015, with a description and analysis of the existing clean energy manufacturing industry, job development potential, market potential, incentives offered by neighboring states, and recommendations for in-state production incentives, benchmarks to increase clean energy manufacturing, and marketing and public education programs. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws 11-55-100)

Vermont

Carbon Reduction Procurement Policies – added 9/12/2016

The Vermont Agency of Administration and the Climate Cabinet must revise state acquisition policies to ensure consideration of vendor business practices that promote clean energy and address climate change. Policies should consider, for example, the use of and support of plug-in electric and zero emission vehicles, including providing workplace charging stations. (Reference