Recent State Actions
Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.
Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers residential customers a $599 rebate or a free Level 2 (240 volt) plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charger. Rebates or chargers are available to SMUD residential customers with the purchase or lease of a new PEV. To be eligible for the rebate or charger, completed applications must be postmarked within 180 days of the date of purchase or lease of the PEV. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including the rebate application, please see SMUD's Drive Electric Incentive website.
Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) provides rebates of $500 to residential customers who purchase or lease an eligible PEV. Residential account holders may apply on behalf of a PEV owner in their household or their tenant in a multifamily household with the vehicle owner's permission. For more information, see the PG&E Clean Fuel Rebate website.
As part of the Delaware Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control offers rebates for new, leased, or converted AFVs. The following rebate amounts are applicable for vehicles purchased between November 1, 2016, and June 30, 2018:
|Qualifying Vehicles||Rebate Amount|
|Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle and electric vehicles with gasoline range extenders||$1,500|
|Dedicated propane or natural gas vehicles||$1,500|
|Bi-fuel propane or natural gas vehicles||$1,350|
|Dedicated heavy-duty natural gas vehicles||$20,000|
Eligible applicants include Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebate applications must be signed by both the purchaser and a participating dealer representative. Rebates are limited to six vehicles per fleet and one vehicle per individual. All vehicles purchased through this rebate program must be titled and registered in the state. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including application guidelines and participating dealers, see the Delaware Clean Vehicle Rebate Program website.
KIUC members are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2016 or 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through March 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the KIUC Nissan Leaf Rebate website.
Customers of Hawaiian Electric, Maui Electric, and Hawaii Electric Light Companies are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2016 or 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through March 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Hawaiian Electric Company Nissan Leaf Rebate website.
NIPSCO customers and employees are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2016 or 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through March 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the NIPSCO Nissan Leaf Rebate Flyer and the IN-Charge EV Program website.
The Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Commission, and Department of State Police will issue a feasibility study on authorizing ZEVs, including battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, or fuel cell vehicles, for use in HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. The study will cover existing capacity in HOV lanes, the impact of ZEVs on HOV lanes, and how to identify ZEVs to ensure appropriate HOV lane access. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
Owners and operators of public EVSE that require payment must provide payment options that allow access by the public. In addition, payment should not require users to pay a subscription fee or obtain a membership of any kind; however, required fees may be conditional on such memberships. Owners and operators can impose reasonable restrictions on EVSE use, such as limiting access to visitors of the business. In addition, owners and operators of public EVSE must provide the location, hours of operation, payment, and characteristics of each EVSE for the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
A city or town may restrict certain parking areas for ZEVs, which includes all-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles. A person who is found responsible for a violation of the restricted parking area may be subject to a penalty of no more than $50 and the vehicle may be removed from the parking spot. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
The Massachusetts State Board of Building Regulations and Standards and the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources will develop building and electric code requirements for residential and appropriate commercial buildings for EVSE. The regulations may vary, depending on whether or not an EVSE is already installed or will be installed. (Reference Senate Bill 2505, 2017)
North Carolina residents are eligible for a $10,000 rebate for the purchase of a new 2016 or 2017 Nissan Leaf at participating dealerships. Rebates are available through March 31, 2017, or until funds are exhausted. For more information, see the Plug-In NC Nissan Leaf Rebate website.
Propane vehicle incentives are available to private, non-profit, local government, state, and school fleets. New dedicated propane vehicles and aftermarket conversions are eligible for an incentive equal to the incremental cost, up to $7,500. Each fleet is limited to $30,000 in total incentive awards.
Additionally, an incentive up to $1,000 is available for each new or converted propane commercial mower operated by public and private entities (excluding state agencies). Applicants are limited to seven incentive awards.
All conversion systems for vehicles and mowers must be certified through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board. All vehicles and mowers must be registered and operated in Texas. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, see the Propane Council of Texas website.
The Utah Legislature encourages the citizens of Utah to consider the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency vehicle smog rating and other environmental impacts when purchasing a vehicle. The Utah Legislature suggests that auto dealers make vehicle smog ratings known to customers and that customers purchase vehicles with a smog rating of eight or higher. (Reference House Concurrent Resolution 18, 2017)
Compressed natural gas (CNG) and hydrogen are taxed at a rate of $0.125 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is taxed at a rate of $0.125 per diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) until June 30, 2017; this rate will increase by $0.02 per year until July 2018. One GGE is equal to 5.660 pounds (lbs.) of CNG or 2.198 lbs. of hydrogen. One DGE is equal to 6.06 lbs. of LNG. (Reference Utah Code 59-13-301)
Beginning July 1, 2017, school boards may operate retail, fee-based PEV charging infrastructure on school property. Access during school hours must be restricted to employees, students, and authorized visitors only. PEV charging infrastructure must be accompanied by appropriate signage that details these restrictions. (Reference House Bill 2431, 2017 and Virginia Code 22.1-131, 56-1.2, 56-1.2:1, and 56-232.2:1)
The Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) administers a program to certify NGV mechanics and technicians. For application and certification information, see the DPOR Natural Gas Automobile Mechanics Advisory Board website. (Reference Virginia Code 54.1-2355 through 54.1-2358 and Virginia Administrative Code 18-120-50)