Recent State Actions
Listed below are new and recently updated state laws, incentives, and regulations related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles.
Sonoma Clean Power (SCP) consumers are eligible for an incentive to reduce the purchase or lease price of a 2017 BMW i3 or a 2016 Nissan Leaf offered by local participating dealerships through January 5, 2017. SCP is offering $2,500 while funds last, or $5,000 to income qualified customers. For more information, see SCP's Drive EverGreen website.
Through the Hybrid Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project (HVIP), the California Air Resources Board provides vouchers to eligible fleets to reduce the incremental cost of qualified medium- and heavy-duty HEVs and ZEVs at the time of purchase. Vouchers are available on a first-come, first-served basis and range from $2,500 to $117,000. Only fleets that operate vehicles in California are eligible. No funding is currently available, though applicants may be placed on a wait list (verified September 2016). For more information, including a list of qualified vehicles and other requirements, see the HVIP website.
Qualified Sonoma Clean Power (SCP) customers are eligible to receive a free JuiceNet-enabled EVSE from eMotorWerks, which allows the EVSE to be connected to Wi-Fi and communicate with the SCP CleanCharge software. This software helps customers avoid using as much power when California's electric grid is particularly expensive or harmful to the environment. Customers with an existing standard, non-connected EVSE, are eligible to receive a free JuicePlug (smart grid adapter) to convert to a JuiceNet-enabled EVSE. Customers are responsible for shipping and installation costs. Eligible customers may also receive a $250 rebate in JuicePoints to pay for charging. Other terms and conditions may apply. For more information, including frequently asked questions, see SCP's Drive EverGreen website.
The Public Fleet Pilot Project (PFPP) offers rebates to eligible state and local public entities for the purchase of qualified light-duty fleet vehicles located in disadvantaged communities. The rebates are for up to $5,250 for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, $10,000 for battery electric vehicles, and $15,000 for fuel-cell electric vehicles the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has certified. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the PFPP. Each entity may receive up to 30 rebates annually and cannot receive California Vehicle Rebate Project incentives for the same vehicle. Funding has been exhausted and applications are not currently being accepted (verified September 2016). For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles, locations, and entities, see the PFPP website. (Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)
The California Legislature urges motorists to not idle their vehicles in spaces where children congregate, such as schools and parks. (Reference Assembly Concurrent Resolution 160, 2016)
The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) offers a $0.015 per kilowatt-hour credit for electricity used to charge PEVs during off-peak times. For more information, see the SMUD PEV Charging Rates website.
The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. Qualified vehicles are light-duty zero emission vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. Manufacturers must apply to ARB to have their vehicles included in the CVRP.
Vehicles purchased on or before March 28, 2016, are eligible for rebates of up to $5,000. For vehicles purchased on or after March 29, 2016, eligibility for the rebate for individuals is based on gross annual income, as stated on the individual's federal tax return. Individuals with a gross annual income above the following thresholds are only eligible for rebates for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs):
- $250,000 for single filers
- $340,000 for head-of-household filers
- $500,000 for joint filers
- $150,000 for single filers
- $204,000 for head-of-household filers
- $300,000 for joint filers
ARB determines annual funding amounts for the CVRP, which is expected to be effective through 2023. For more information, including information on income verification, a list of eligible vehicles, and how to apply, see the CVRP website.
(Reference California Health and Safety Code 44274 and 44258)
Compressed natural gas (CNG), hydrogen, electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) meeting specified California and federal emissions standards and affixed with a California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Clean Air Vehicle sticker may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants in the vehicle. White Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available for qualified CNG, hydrogen, and electric vehicles. Green Clean Air Vehicle Stickers are available for qualified purchased or leased PHEVs. Both stickers will expire January 1, 2019. These vehicles are also eligible for reduced rates or exemptions from toll charges imposed on HOT lanes. For more information, including a list of qualifying vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board Carpool Lane Use Stickers website. (Reference Senate Bill 838, 2016, and California Vehicle Code 5205.5 and 21655.9)
The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) provides rebates to commercial and residential customers toward the purchase of Level 2 EVSE. Commercial customers who purchase and install EVSE for employee and public use can receive up to $4,000 for each charger. Eligible customers may qualify for up to 20 rebate awards depending on the number of parking spaces. Residential customers who install wall-mounted chargers can receive up to $500. EVSE must be installed within the LADWP service area; rebates do not cover the cost of installation. Rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis through June 30, 2018, or until funds are exhausted, whichever occurs first. For program guidelines and application materials, see the Charge Up L.A.! website.
The Cabinet Committee on Climate and Resiliency (CCoCAR) oversees the development and implementation of agency-specific, actionable recommendations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The CCoCAR's Mitigation Workgroup recommended that Delaware adopt a mitigation target of 30% GHG emissions reduction from a 2008 baseline by 2030. The Mitigation Workgroup proposed that Delaware Department of Transportation purchase and deploy lower emission light-duty vehicles equal to 10% of its fleet by 2020. For more information, see The Climate Framework for Delaware website. (Reference Executive Order 41, 2013)
As part of the Delaware Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control offers rebates for new EVSE purchased for use at commercial and residential locations.
Through October 31, 2016, $500 is available for each qualified Level 1 or Level 2 EVSE. As of November 1, 2016, rebate amounts are 50% of the cost of a residential charging station, and up to 75% of the cost of a commercial or workplace charging station.
Eligible applicants include Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebates are limited to five EVSE per fleet and one EVSE per individual. For more information, including application guidelines, see the Delaware Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment Rebate Program website.
As part of the Delaware Clean Transportation Incentive Program, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control offers rebates for new, leased, or converted AFVs. The following rebate amounts are applicable for vehicles purchased between November 1, 2016, and June 30, 2018:
|Qualifying Vehicles||Rebate Amount|
|Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle and electric vehicles with gasoline range extenders||$1,500|
|Dedicated propane or natural gas vehicles||$1,500|
|Dedicated heavy-duty compressed natural gas vehicles||$20,000|
Eligible applicants include Delaware residents, businesses, organizations, and government entities. Rebate applications must be signed by both the purchaser and a participating dealer representative. Rebates are limited to five vehicles per fleet and one vehicle per individual. All vehicles purchased through this rebate program must be titled and registered in the state. For more information, including application guidelines and participating dealers, see the Delaware Clean Vehicle Rebate Program website.
A vehicle powered by compressed or liquefied natural gas may exceed the state's gross and axle vehicle weight limits by a weight equal to the difference between the weight of the vehicle with the natural gas tank and a comparable diesel tank system, up to 2,000 pounds. This exemption applies on all state roads and interstate highways. (Reference House Bill 591, 2016, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 32:286)
Mass Energy's Drive Green with Mass Energy program provides discounts on qualified PEVs purchased or leased from participating dealerships. The discount program is available to all consumers, including those that are not in Mass Energy's service territory. For more information, including participating dealerships and the discounts they offer, see the Drive Green with Mass Energy website.
The Lansing Board of Water & Light (BWL) offers a pilot PEV time-of-use charging rate to single- or multi-family dwellings of four units or less with separately metered Level 2 electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). Additional terms and conditions apply.BWL also offers a reimbursement of up to $1,000 for the purchase and installation of EVSE for customers that have enrolled in the PEV charging rate. The program is limited to the first 10 qualified residential customers, and the deadline to apply is June 30, 2017.For more information, see the BWL PEVs page.
Beginning January 1, 2017, an alternative fuel commercial user that has not paid fuel taxes to an alternative fuel dealer must file a report with the Michigan Department of Treasury (Department) to determine taxes owed under Michigan Compiled Laws 207.1152. By the twentieth day of each month, users must file the report detailing the number of gallons or gallon equivalents of alternative fuel consumed during the preceding month. Alternative fuel commercial users must pay the full amount of tax due to the Department at the time of filing the report. (Reference House Bill 5572, 2016, and Michigan Compiled Laws 207.1154)
The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Air Quality provides grants for the incremental cost of original equipment manufacturer alternative fuel vehicles, vehicle conversions, and implementing idle reduction programs. Funding is not currently available for this incentive (verified August 2016). For more information see the Diesel Emission Reductions Grants website.
The owner of an EV that does not rely on a non-electric source of power must pay a fee of $130 in addition to any other required registration fees at the time of initial registration and annual registration renewal. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 20-87)
The Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) project provides grant funding to reducing transportation-related emissions in nonattainment and maintenance counties for National Ambient Air Quality Standards. A project that is adjacent to these areas may also be eligible for funding if the project will reduce emissions in eligible counties. The North Carolina Department of Transportation funds the CFAT project, which covers three broad areas: education and outreach; project funding; and recognition of exemplary activities. For 2016-2017 funding cycles, financial support is available for AFVs, fueling infrastructure, idle reduction technologies, vehicle telematics, and diesel retrofits. For more information, including current requests for proposals, see the CFAT website.
The North Dakota Department of Commerce administers the Biofuels Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) grant program. The BIP program works with retailers and state and local government fleets to install infrastructure for higher blends of ethanol. Funds are available to eligible applicants in the following amounts:
|E15 Pumps||50% of the costs of installation, up to $15,000|
|E85 Pumps||43% of the costs of installation, up $15,000|
|Blender Pumps||33% of the costs of installation, up to $14,985|
|Tanks||25% of the costs of installation, up to $25,000|
Applications are due by October 31, 2016. For more information, including program guidelines and an application, see the BIP Program website.
The state will reduce aggregate fossil fuel use across all owned facilities as compared to a 2005 baseline by 30% by 2020, 40% by 2025, and 50% by 2030. A State Government Energy Committee (SGEC) will advise the State Energy Manager and the State Fleet Manager about energy management within state buildings, operations, and fleets. The state passenger vehicle fleet must also reach the 30% reduction target compared to the 2010 metric ton baseline by 2030. The State Energy Manager, State Fleet Manager, and SGEC will develop performance metrics by December 30, 2016, and agencies and departments will report on progress in their fiscal year 2018 Energy Conservation Plans. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)
The state must pursue PEV procurement opportunities for use in the state fleet and must install EVSE for use by state agencies. Where feasible and recommended by the State Government Energy Committee, state offices with more than 50 employees may also make EVSE available for employees, as long as energy cost is reimbursed by users. (Reference Executive Order 2016-03)
All diesel fuel sold to state agencies, political subdivisions of the state, and public schools for use in on-road motor vehicles must contain at least 5% biodiesel (B5). As of 2012, all diesel fuel sold to consumers for use in on-road motor vehicles was mandated to contain at least B5; however, the New Mexico Department of Agriculture and the Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department suspended these requirements through December 31, 2016, due to biodiesel supply and price differentials. (Reference New Mexico Statutes 57-19-28 and 57-19-29)
The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) supports the purchase of replacement school buses in eligible Ohio counties through the Diesel Emission Reduction Grant program. Purchases are also supported with state allocated grant funding from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Diesel Emission Reduction Act. For more information, see the Ohio EPA Clean School Bus Grants website.
In early 2017, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency will administer a one-time, $5 million grant program to replace or convert Class 7 and Class 8 diesel or gasoline trucks to natural gas or propane trucks. Vehicles must be privately operated in Ohio at least 50% of the time. Maximum grant awards will be 50% of the fuel components of the new vehicle or 50% of the cost of the conversion parts, up to $25,000. Total grants to any recipient may not exceed $400,000. For more information, see the Alternative Fuel Vehicle Grants website. (Reference House Bill 390, 2016, and Ohio Revised Code 122.076)
The Charge Up! program provides rebates to state and municipal agencies for the purchase and installation of publicly accessible Level 2 or DC fast chargers. Agencies are eligible for up to $60,000 in incentives for EVSE that are installed and operational on or after July 1, 2016. Agencies that install EVSE also qualify for up to $15,000 to support the purchase or lease of a new PEV acquired on or after July 1, 2016, as part of their public sector fleet. For more information, see the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources Charge Up! website.
PP&L's Drive Green with PP&L program provides discounts on qualified PEVs purchased or leased from participating dealerships. The discount program is available to all consumers, including those that are not in PP&L's service territory. For more information, including participating dealerships and the discounts they offer, see the Drive Green with PP&L website.
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's Office of Energy Programs administers the Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Grant Program (Program). The Program provides fleets with grants to cover 50% of the incremental purchase cost, up to $25,000 per vehicle, for new original equipment manufacturer dedicated natural gas or propane medium- or heavy-duty vehicles. Public, non-profit, and private Tennessee-based fleets are eligible to apply for funding and must intend to operate vehicles in Tennessee for a minimum of six years. Grant applications are limited to one per applicant, must include at least three vehicles, and are not to exceed $250,000. For more information, including eligibility requirements, see the Program website.
The Vermont Agency of Administration and the Climate Cabinet must revise state acquisition policies to ensure consideration of vendor business practices that promote clean energy and address climate change. Policies should consider, for example, the use of and support of plug-in electric and zero emission vehicles, including providing workplace charging stations. (Reference Executive Order 05-16, 2016)